• Electron Bernstein waves driven by electron crescents near the electron diffusion region 

      Li, Wenya; Graham, D. B.; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Vaivads, Andris; André, Mats; Min, K.; Liu, K.; Tang, B.B.; Wang, C.; Fujimoto, K.; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Toledo-Redondo, Sergio; Lindqvist, Per-Arne; Ergun, R.E.; Torbert, Roy B.; Rager, A.C.; Dorelli, J.C.; Gershman, D.J.; Giles, B. L.; Lavraud, B.; Plaschke, F.; Magnes, W.; Le Contel, Olivier; Russell, Christopher T.; Burch, J. L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) spacecraft encounter an electron diffusion region (EDR) of asymmetric magnetic reconnection at Earth’s magnetopause. The EDR is characterized by agyrotropic electron velocity distributions ...
    • Lower-Hybrid Drift Waves Driving Electron Nongyrotropic Heating and Vortical Flows in a Magnetic Reconnection Layer 

      Chen, Li-Jen; Wang, Shan; Le Contel, Olivier; Rager, A.; Hesse, Michael; Drake, J. F.; Dorelli, J.; Ng, J.; Bessho, Naoki; Graham, D. B.; Wilson, Lynn B.; Moore, T. E.; Giles, B. L.; Paterson, W.; Lavraud, B.; Genestreti, K.; Nakamura, Rumi; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Ergun, R.E.; Torbert, Roy B.; Burch, J. L.; Pollock, C.; Russell, Christopher T.; Lindqvist, Per-Arne; Avanov, Levon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      We report measurements of lower-hybrid drift waves driving electron heating and vortical flows in an electron-scale reconnection layer under a guide field. Electrons accelerated by the electrostatic potential of the waves ...
    • Universality of Lower Hybrid Waves at Earth's Magnetopause 

      Graham, D. B.; Khotyaintsev, Yu V; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Vaivads, Andris; Andre, M.; Drake, J. F.; Egedal, J.; Zhou, M.; Le Contel, O; Webster, J.M.; Lavraud, B.; Kacem, Imed; Génot, V.; Jacquey, C.; Rager, AC; Gershman, Daniel J; Burch, J. L.; Ergun, Robert E (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Waves around the lower hybrid frequency are frequently observed at Earth's magnetopause and readily reach very large amplitudes. Determining the properties of lower hybrid waves is crucial because they are thought to ...