• The 3rd AGILE Terrestrial Gamma Ray Flash Catalog. Part I: Association to Lightning Sferics 

      Lindanger, Anders; Marisaldi, Martino; Maiorana, Carolina; Sarria, David; Albrechtsen, Kjetil; Østgaard, Nikolai; Galli, M.; Ursi, Alessandro; Labanti, C.; Tavani, Marco; Pittori, C.; Verrecchia, F. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      We present a complete and systematic search for terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs), detected by AGILE, that are associated with radio sferics detected by the World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) in the period ...
    • The 3rd AGILE Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes Catalog. Part II: Optimized Selection Criteria and Characteristics of the New Sample 

      Maiorana, Carolina; Marisaldi, Martino; Lindanger, Anders; Østgaard, Nikolai; Ursi, Alessandro; Sarria, David; Galli, M.; Labanti, C.; Tavani, Marco; Pittori, C.; Verrecchia, F. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      We present in this work the third catalog of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) by the AGILE mission and the new search algorithm that was developed to produce it. We firstly introduce the new selection criteria, designed ...
    • Analysis of Thunderstorms Producing Terrestrial Gamma Ray Flashes With the Meteosat Second Generation 

      Ursi, Alessandro; Marisaldi, Martino; Dietrich, Stefano; Tavani, Marco; Tiberia, A; Porcu, Federico (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Up to now, only few works focused on the meteorological context leading to the production of Terrestrial Gamma ray Flashes (TGFs). In this study, we carry out, for the first time, an analysis on large scale of the ...
    • Constraining Spectral Models of a Terrestrial GammaRay Flash From a Terrestrial Electron Beam Observation by the Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor 

      Sarria, David Alexandre Stephan; Østgaard, Nikolai; Kochkin, Pavlo; Lehtinen, Nikolai Grigorievich; Mezentsev, Andrey; Marisaldi, Martino; Lindanger, Anders; Maiorana, Carolina; Carlson, Brant Edward; Neubert, Torsten; Reglero, Victor; Ullaland, Kjetil; Yang, Shiming; Genov, Georgi; Qureshi, Bilal Hasan; Budtz-Jørgensen, Carl; Kuvvetli, Irfan; Christiansen, Freddy; Chanrion, Olivier; Navarro-Gonzalez, Javier; Connel, P.; Eyles, Chris (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Terrestrial Gamma ray Flashes (TGFs) are short flashes of high energy photons, produced by thunderstorms. When interacting with the atmosphere, they produce relativistic electrons and positrons, and a part gets bounded to ...
    • Detection of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes with the AGILE/MCAL 

      Ursi, Alessandro; Marisaldi, Martino; Tavani, Marco (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      AGILE is one of the satellites currently detecting terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs). In particular, the AGILE MiniCALorimeter detected more than 2000 events in 8 years activity, by exploiting a unique sub-millisecond ...
    • Enhanced detection of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes by AGILE 

      Marisaldi, Martino; Argan, A; Ursi, Alessandro; Gjesteland, Thomas; Fuschino, F; Labanti, C; Galli, M; Tavani, M; Pittori, C; Verrecchia, F; D´Amico, F.; Østgaard, Nikolai; Mereghetti, S; Campana, R; Cattaneo, PW; Bulgarelli, S; Colafrancesco, S; Dietrich, S; Longo, F; Gianotti, F.; Giommi, P; Rappoldi, A; Trifoglio, M; Trois, A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-11-06)
      At the end of March 2015 the onboard software configuration of the Astrorivelatore Gamma a Immagini Leggero (AGILE) satellite was modified in order to disable the veto signal of the anticoincidence shield for the minicalorimeter ...
    • First 10 Months of TGF Observations by ASIM 

      Østgaard, Nikolai; Neubert, Torsten; Reglero, Victor; Ullaland, Kjetil; Yang, Shiming; Genov, Georgi; Marisaldi, Martino; Mezentsev, Andrey; Kochkin, Pavlo; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Sarria, David; Qureshi, Bilal Hasan; Solberg, Arne Olav; Maiorana, Carolina; Albrechtsen, Kjetil; Budtz-Jørgensen, Carl; Kuvvetli, Irfan; Christiansen, Freddy; Chanrion, Olivier; Heumesser, Matthias; Navarro-Gonzalez, Javier; Connell, Paul H.; Eyles, Christopher J; Christian, Hugh J.; Al-Nussirat, Samer (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Atmosphere‐Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM) was launched to the International Space Station on 2 April 2018. The ASIM payload consists of two main instruments, the Modular X‐ray and Gamma‐ray Sensor (MXGS) for imaging ...
    • Gamma Ray Glow Observations at 20-km Altitude 

      Østgaard, Nikolai; Christian, Hugh J.; Grove, J. Eric; Sarria, David; Mezentsev, Andrey; Kochkin, Pavlo; Lehtinen, Nikolai; Quick, Mason; Al-Nussirat, Samer; Wulf, Eric; Genov, Georgi; Ullaland, Kjetil; Marisaldi, Martino; Yang, Shiming; Blakeslee, Richard J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      In the spring of 2017 an ER‐2 aircraft campaign was undertaken over continental United States to observe energetic radiation from thunderstorms and lightning. The payload consisted of a suite of instruments designed to ...
    • Gamma ray storms: preliminary meteorological analysis of AGILE TGFs: Meteorology of AGILE TGF observations 

      Tiberia, Alessandra; Dietrich, Stefano; Porcu, Federico; Marisaldi, Martino; Ursi, Alessandro; Tavani, Marco (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Despite the recognition from their discovery that terrestrial gamma ray flashes (TGFs) originate from thunderstorms, little is known about the TGF-producing storms. The characteristics of such thunderstorms are investigated ...
    • A New AGILE MCAL Configuration to Detect Gamma-Ray Bursts and Sub-threshold Events in the Multimessenger Era 

      Ursi, Alessandro; Tavani, Marco; Verrecchia, Francesco; Marisaldi, Martino; Argan, Andrea; Trois, Alessio; Tempesta, Patrizio (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Starting in 2016 August, the onboard software configuration of the Astrorivelatore Gamma ad Immagini LEggero (AGILE) MiniCALorimeter (MCAL) was modified in order to increase the instrument trigger capabilities for the ...
    • Observation of intrinsically bright terrestrial gamma ray flashes from the Mediterranean basin 

      Gjesteland, Thomas; Østgaard, Nikolai; Laviola, Sante; Miglietta, M M; Arnone, Enrico; Marisaldi, Martino; Fuschino, F; Collier, Andrew B.; Fabro, F; Montanya, J (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-12-14)
      We present three terrestrial gamma ray flashes (TGFs) observed over the Mediterranean basin by the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscope Imager (RHESSI) satellite. Since the occurrence of these events in the ...
    • On the High‐Energy Spectral Component and Fine Time Structure of Terrestrial Gamma Ray Flashes 

      Marisaldi, Martino; Galli, M.; Labanti, C.; Østgaard, Nikolai; Sarria, David; Cummer, S. A.; Lyu, F.; Lindanger, Anders; Campana, R.; Ursi, A.; Tavana, M; Fuschino, F.; Argan, A.; Trois, A.; Pittori, C.; Verrecchia, F (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Terrestrial gamma ray flashes (TGFs) are very short bursts of gamma radiation associated to thunderstorm activity and are the manifestation of the highest‐energy natural particle acceleration phenomena occurring on Earth. ...
    • Production of Terrestrial Gamma-Ray Flashes During the Early Stages of Lightning Flashes 

      Lindanger, Anders; Skeie, Chris Alexander Kallevik; Marisaldi, Martino; Bjørge-Engeland, Ingrid; Østgaard, Nikolai; Mezentsev, Andrey; Sarria, David Alexandre Stephan; Lehtinen, Nikolai Grigorievich; Reglero, Victor; Chanrion, Olivier; Neubert, Torsten (Journal article, 2022)
      Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes (TGFs) are short emissions of high energy photons associated with thunderstorms. It has been known since the discovery of TGFs that they are associated with lightning, and several case studies ...
    • A Rapid Gamma-Ray Glow Flux Reduction Observed From 20 km Altitude 

      Kochkin, Pavlo; Sarria, David Alexandre Stephan; Lehtinen, Nikolai Grigorievich; Mezentsev, Andrey; Yang, Shiming; Genov, Georgi; Ullaland, Kjetil; Marisaldi, Martino; Østgaard, Nikolai; Christian, Hugh J.; Grove, J.E.; Quick, M.; Al-Nussirat, S.; Wulf, E (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Two gamma-ray glows were observed by a high-altitude NASA ER-2 aircraft flying at 20 km altitude over a thunderstorm in Colorado, USA. The flux of the first glow rapidly intensified and then abruptly decreased within a few ...
    • Simultaneous Observations of EIP, TGF, Elve, and Optical Lightning 

      Østgaard, Nikolai; Cummer, S.A.; Mezentsev, Andrey; Luque, Alejandro; Dwyer, J.; Neubert, Torsten; Reglero, Victor; Marisaldi, Martino; Kochkin, Pavlo; Sarria, David Alexandre Stephan; Lehtinen, Nikolai Grigorievich; Ullaland, Kjetil; Yang, Shiming; Genov, Georgi; Chanrion, Olivier; Christiansen, Freddy; Pu, Y. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      On February 8, 2019, the Atmosphere-Space Interaction Monitor observed a terrestrial gamma-ray flash (TGF) and an Elve from a positive intracloud (+IC) lightning during the initial breakdown stage of a lightning flash north ...
    • Spectral Analysis of Individual Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes Detected by ASIM 

      Lindanger, Anders; Marisaldi, Martino; Sarria, David Alexandre Stephan; Østgaard, Nikolai; Lehtinen, Nikolai Grigorievich; Skeie, Chris Alexander Kallevik; Mezentsev, Andrey; Kochkin, Pavlo; Ullaland, Kjetil; Yang, Shiming; Genov, Georgi; Carlson, Brant Edward; Köhn, Christoph; Navarro-Gonzalez, Javier; Connell, Paul H.; Reglero, Victor; Neubert, Torsten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM) is the first instrument in space specifically designed to observe terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs). TGFs are high energy photons associated with lightning flashes and ...
    • Time evolution of storms producing terrestrial gamma-ray flashes using era5 reanalysis data, gps, lightning and geo-stationary satellite observations 

      Tiberia, Alessandra; Mascitelli, Alessandra; D’adderio, Leo Pio; Federico, Stefano; Marisaldi, Martino; Porcù, Federico; Realini, Eugenio; Gatti, Andrea; Ursi, Alessandro; Fuschino, Fabio; Tavani, Marco; Dietrich, Stefano (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      In this article, we report the first investigation over time of the atmospheric conditions around terrestrial gamma-ray flash (TGF) occurrences, using GPS sensors in combination with geostationary satellite observations ...