• Leads in Arctic pack ice enable early phytoplankton blooms below snow-covered sea ice 

      Assmy, Philipp; Fernández-Méndez, Mar; Duarte, Pedro; Meyer, Amelie; Randelhoff, Achim; Mundy, Christopher John; Olsen, Lasse; Kauko, Hanna M.; Bailey, Allison; Chierici, Melissa; Cohen, Lana; Doulgeris, Anthony Paul; Ehn, Jens K.; Fransson, Agneta; Gerland, Sebastian; Hop, Haakon; Hudson, Stephen R.; Hughes, Nick; Itkin, Polona; Johnsen, Geir; King, Jennifer A.; Koch, Boris P.; Koenig, Zoe; Kwasniewski, Slawomir; Laney, Samuel R.; Nikolaus, Marcel; Pavlov, Alexey K.; Polashenski, Christopher M.; Provost, Christine; Rösel, Anja; Sandbu, Marthe; Spreen, Gunnar; Smedsrud, Lars H.; Sundfjord, Arild; Taskjelle, Torbjørn; Tatarek, Agnieszka; Wiktor, Josef; Wagner, Penelope Mae; Wold, Anette; Steen, Harald; Granskog, Mats A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01-19)
      The Arctic icescape is rapidly transforming from a thicker multiyear ice cover to a thinner and largely seasonal first-year ice cover with significant consequences for Arctic primary production. One critical challenge is ...
    • Mixing rates and vertical heat fluxes north of Svalbard from Arctic winter to spring 

      Meyer, Amelie; Fer, Ilker; Sundfjord, Arild; Peterson, Algot Kristoffer (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-06)
      Mixing and heat flux rates collected in the Eurasian Basin north of Svalbard during the N-ICE2015 drift expedition are presented. The observations cover the deep Nansen Basin, the Svalbard continental slope, and the shallow ...
    • One-dimensional evolution of the upper water column in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean in winter 

      Fer, Ilker; Peterson, Algot Kristoffer; Randelhoff, Achim; Meyer, Amelie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-03)
      A one-dimensional model is employed to reproduce the observed time evolution of hydrographic properties in the upper water column during winter, between 26 January and 11 March 2015, in a region north of Svalbard in the ...
    • Sea ice thermohaline dynamics and biogeochemistry in the Arctic Ocean: Empirical and model results 

      Duarte, Pedro; Meyer, Amelie; Olsen, Lasse Mork; Kauko, Hanna Maria; Assmy, Philipp; Rösel, Anja; Itkin, Polona; Hudson, Stephen R.; Granskog, Mats A.; Gerland, Sebastian; Sundfjord, Arild; Steen, Harald; Hop, Haakon; Cohen, Lana; Peterson, Algot Kristoffer; Jeffery, Nicole; Elliott, Scott M.; Hunke, Elizabeth Clare; Turner, Adrian K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-07)
      Large changes in the sea ice regime of the Arctic Ocean have occurred over the last decades justifying the development of models to forecast sea ice physics and biogeochemistry. The main goal of this study is to evaluate ...
    • The seeding of ice algal blooms in Arctic pack ice: The multiyear ice seed repository hypothesis 

      Olsen, Lasse Mork; Laney, Samuel R.; Duarte, Pedro; Kauko, Hanna M.; Fernández-Méndez, Mar; Mundy, Christopher John; Rösel, Anja; Meyer, Amelie; Itkin, Polona; Cohen, Lana; Peeken, Ilka; Tatarek, Agnieszka; Róźańska-Pluta, Magdalena; Wiktor, Josef; Taskjelle, Torbjørn; Pavlov, Alexey; Hudson, Stephen R.; Granskog, Mats A.; Hop, Haakon; Assmy, Philipp (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-07)
      During the Norwegian young sea ICE expedition (N-ICE2015) from January to June 2015 the pack ice in the Arctic Ocean north of Svalbard was studied during four drifts between 83° and 80°N. This pack ice consisted of a mix ...
    • Warm Atlantic water explains observed sea ice melt rates north of Svalbard 

      Duarte, Pedro; Sundfjord, Arild; Meyer, Amelie; Hudson, Stephen; Spreen, Gunnar; Smedsrud, Lars Henrik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Warm Atlantic water (AW) that flows northward along the Svalbard west coast is thought to transport enough heat to melt regional Arctic sea ice effectively. Despite this common assumption, quantitative requirements necessary ...
    • Winter storms accelerate the demise of sea ice in the Atlantic Sector of the Arctic Ocean 

      Graham, Robert M.; Itkin, Polona; Meyer, Amelie; Sundfjord, Arild; Spreen, Gunnar; Smedsrud, Lars H.; Liston, Glen E.; Cheng, Bin; Cohen, Lana; Divine, Dmitry; Fer, Ilker; Fransson, Agneta; Gerland, Sebastian; Haapala, Jari; Hudson, Stephen R.; Johansson, Malin; King, Jennifer A.; Merkouriadi, Ioanna; Peterson, Algot Kristoffer; Provost, Christine; Randelhoff, Achim; Rinke, Annette; Rösel, Anja; Sennechael, Nathalie; Walden, Von P.; Duarte, Pedro; Assmy, Philipp; Steen, Harald; Granskog, Mats A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-06-25)
      A large retreat of sea-ice in the ‘stormy’ Atlantic Sector of the Arctic Ocean has become evident through a series of record minima for the winter maximum sea-ice extent since 2015. Results from the Norwegian young sea ICE ...