• B vitamin treatments modify the risk of myocardial infarction associated with a MTHFD1 polymorphism in patients with stable angina pectoris 

      Ding, Yunpeng; Pedersen, Eva Ringdal; Johansson, Stefan; Gregory III, Jesse F.; Ueland, Per Magne; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Helgeland, Øyvind; Meyer, Klaus; Fredriksen, Åse; Nygård, Ottar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-06)
      Background: Methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (MTHFD1) catalyzes three sequential reactions that metabolize derivatives of tetrahydrofolate (THF) in folate-dependent one-carbon metabolism. Impaired MTHFD1 flux has ...
    • Ceramide stearic to palmitic acid ratio predicts incident diabetes 

      Hilvo, Mika; Salonurmi, Tuire; Havulinna, Aki S.; Kauhanen, Dimple; Pedersen, Eva Ringdal; Tell, Grethe S.; Meyer, Klaus; Teeriniemi, Anna-Maria; Laatikainen, Tiina; Jousilahti, Pekka; Savolainen, Markku J.; Nygård, Ottar; Salomaa, Veikko; Laaksonen, Reijo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-03-15)
      Aims/hypothesis Ceramide lipids have a role in the development of insulin resistance, diabetes and risk of cardiovascular disease. Here we investigated four ceramides and their ratios to find the best predictors of incident ...
    • Circulating concentrations of biomarkers and metabolites related to Vitamin status, one-carbon and the kynurenine pathways in US, Nordic, Asian, and Australian populations 

      Midttun, Øivind; Theofylaktopoulou, Despoina; Mccann, Adrian; Fanidi, Anouar; Muller, David C.; Meyer, Klaus; Ulvik, Arve; Zheng, Wei; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Xiang, Yong-Bing; Prentice, Ross; Thomson, Cynthia A.; Pettinger, Mary; Giles, Graham G.; Hodge, Allison; Cai, Qiuyin; Blot, William J.; Wu, Jie; Johansson, Mikael; Hultdin, Johan; Grankvist, Kjell; Stevens, Victoria L.; McCullough, Marjorie L.; Weinstein, Stephanie J.; Albanes, Demetrius; Langhammer, Arnulf; Hveem, Kristian; Næss, Marit; Sesso, Howard D.; Gaziano, J. Michael; Buring, Julie E.; Lee, I-Min; Severi, Gianluca; Zhang, Xuehong; Han, Jiali; Stampfer, Meir J.; Smith-Warner, Stephanie A.; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Le Marchand, Loic; Yuan, Jian-Min; Butler, Lesley M.; Koh, Woon-Puay; Wang, Renwei; Gao, Yu-Tang; Ericson, Ulrika; Sonestedt, Emily; Ziegler, Regina G.; Freedman, Neal D.; Visvanathan, Kala; Jones, Miranda R.; Relton, Caroline; Brennan, Paul; Johansson, Mattias; Ueland, Per Magne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-06)
      Background: Circulating concentrations of biomarkers that are related to vitamin status vary by factors such as diet, fortification, and supplement use. Published biomarker concentrations have also been influenced by the ...
    • Circulating high sensitivity C reactive protein concentrations and risk of lung cancer : Nested case-control study within Lung Cancer Cohort Consortium 

      Muller, David C.; Larose, Tricia L; Hodge, Allison; Guida, Florence; Langhammer, Arnulf; Grankvist, Kjell; Meyer, Klaus; Cai, Qiuyin; Arslan, Alan A.; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Albanes, Demetrius; Giles, Graham G.; Sesso, Howard D.; Lee, I-Min; Gaziano, J. Michael; Yuan, Jian-Min; Hoffman Bolton, Judith; Buring, Julie E.; Visvanathan, Kala; Le Marchand, Loic; Purdue, Mark P.; Caporaso, Neil E.; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Prentice, Ross L.; Weinstein, Stephanie J.; Stevens, Victoria L.; Zheng, Wei; Blot, William J.; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Zhang, Xuehong; Xiang, Yong-Bing; Koh, Woon-Puay; Hveem, Kristian; Thomson, Cynthia A.; Pettinger, Mary; Engström, Gunnar; Brunnström, Hans; Milne, Roger L.; Stampfer, Meir J.; Han, Jiali; Johansson, Mikael; Brennan, Paul; Severi, Gianluca; Johansson, Mattias (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-01-03)
      Objectives: Inflammation may play an important role in lung cancer pathogenesis. Previous studies have suggested an association between C-reactive protein (CRP) as a marker of inflammation, and risk of lung cancer, but ...
    • Dietary intake of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and risk of myocardial infarction in coronary artery disease patients with or without diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study 

      Strand, Elin; Pedersen, Eva Kristine Ringdal; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Schartum-Hansen, Hall; Rebnord, Eirik Wilberg; Bjørndal, Bodil; Seifert, Reinhard; Bohov, Pavol; Meyer, Klaus; Hiltunen, J. Kalervo; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Nilsen, Dennis W. T.; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Nygård, Ottar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-10-08)
      Background: A beneficial effect of a high n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) intake has been observed in heart failure patients, who are frequently insulin resistant. We investigated the potential influence ...
    • Glycated hemoglobin and long-term prognosis in patients with suspected stable angina pectoris without diabetes mellitus: A prospective cohort study 

      Rebnord, Eirik Wilberg; Pedersen, Eva Kristine Ringdal; Strand, Elin; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Meyer, Klaus; Schartum-Hansen, Hall; Løland, Kjetil Halvorsen; Seifert, Reinhard; Ueland, Per Magne; Nilsen, Dennis W. T.; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Nygård, Ottar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-05)
      Objective: Associations of glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels to incident coronary and cardiovascular events among non-diabetic patients with coronary artery disease are unclear. We investigated relations of HbA1c to ...
    • Interferon (IFN)-γ-mediated inflammation and the kynurenine pathway in relation to bone mineral density: the Hordaland Health Study 

      Apalset, Ellen M.; Gjesdal, Clara Gram; Ueland, Per Magne; Midttun, Øyvind; Ulvik, Arve; Eide, Geir Egil; Meyer, Klaus; Tell, Grethe Seppola (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-04-24)
      The risk of osteoporosis increases in inflammatory disorders. In cell-mediated immune activation, interferon (IFN)-γ stimulates macrophage release of neopterin and increases the activity of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase ...
    • Interferon gamma (IFN-γ)-mediated inflammation and the kynurenine pathway in relation to risk of hip fractures: The Hordaland Health Study 

      Apalset, Ellen M.; Gjesdal, Clara Gram; Ueland, Per Magne; Øyen, Jannike; Meyer, Klaus; Midttun, Øivind; Eide, Geir Egil; Tell, Grethe Seppola (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-05-10)
      Summary The cytokine interferon gamma (IFN-γ) stimulates neopterin release and tryptophan degradation into kynurenines through the kynurenine pathway. High levels of neopterin were associated with increased hip fracture ...
    • Interferon-γ–induced inflammatory markers and the risk of cancer: The Hordaland Health Study 

      Zuo, Hui; Tell, Grethe Seppola; Vollset, Stein Emil; Ueland, Per Magne; Nygård, Ottar; Midttun, Øivind; Meyer, Klaus; Ulvik, Arve; Eussen, Simone (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-06-19)
      Background It has been reported that interferon-γ (IFN-γ)–induced inflammatory markers, such as circulating neopterin and kynurenine-to-tryptophan ratio (KTR), are increased in patients with cancer and are also a predictor ...
    • Markers of vitamin B6 status and metabolism as predictors of incident cancer: The Hordaland Health Study. 

      Zuo, Hui; Ueland, Per Magne; Eussen, Simone; Tell, Grethe Seppola; Vollset, Stein Emil; Nygård, Ottar; Midttun, Øivind; Meyer, Klaus; Ulvik, Arve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-11-26)
      Dietary intake and/or circulating concentrations of vitamin B6 have been associated with risk of cancer, but results are inconsistent and mechanisms uncertain. Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) is the most commonly used marker ...
    • The PAr index, an indicator reflecting altered vitamin B-6 homeostasis, is associated with long-term risk of stroke in the general population: the Hordaland Health Study (HUSK) 

      Zuo, Hui; Tell, Grethe S.; Ueland, Per Magne; Nygård, Ottar; Vollset, Stein Emil; Midttun, Øivind; Meyer, Klaus; Ulvik, Arve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01)
      Background: Vitamin B-6 homeostasis is altered during inflammation and immune activation. It is unknown whether altered vitamin B-6 homeostasis is associated with the risk of stroke. Objective: We investigated the relation ...
    • Plasma Biomarkers of Inflammation, the Kynurenine Pathway, and Risks of All-Cause, Cancer, and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality. The Hordaland Health Study 

      Zuo, Hui; Ueland, Per Magne; Ulvik, Arve; Eussen, Simone; Vollset, Stein Emil; Nygård, Ottar; Midttun, Øivind; Theofylaktopoulou, Despoina; Meyer, Klaus; Tell, Grethe Seppola (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We aimed to evaluate 10 biomarkers related to inflammation and the kynurenine pathway, including neopterin, kynurenine:tryptophan ratio, C-reactive protein, tryptophan, and 6 kynurenines, as potential predictors of all-cause ...
    • Plasma concentrations and dietary intakes of choline and betaine in association with atrial fibrillation risk: Results from 3 prospective cohorts with different health profiles 

      Zuo, Hui; Svingen, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg; Tell, Grethe S.; Ueland, Per Magne; Vollset, Stein Emil; Pedersen, Eva Ringdal; Ulvik, Arve; Meyer, Klaus; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Nilsen, Dennis W.T.; Bønaa, Kaare; Nygård, Ottar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Background: Although choline metabolism has been associated with atherosclerotic heart disease, less research attention has been paid to the associations of choline and its oxidative metabolite betaine with cardiac ...
    • Plasma methionine, choline, betaine, and dimethylglycine in relation to colorectal cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) 

      Nitter, Mathilde Hjelle; Norgård, Benedicte Wentzel; De Vogel, Stefan; Eussen, Simone; Meyer, Klaus; Ulvik, Arve; Ueland, Per Magne; Nygård, Ottar; Vollset, Stein Emil; Bjørge, Tone; Tjønneland, Anne; Hansen, Louise; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Racine, Antoine; Cottet, Vanessa; Kaaks, Rudolf; Kühn, Tilman; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Bamia, Christina; Naska, Androniki; Grioni, Sara; Palli, Domenico; Panico, Salvatore; Tumino, Rosario; Vineis, Paolo; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas; Van Kranen, Henk J.; Peeters, Petra H. M.; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Dorronsoro, Miren; Jakszyn, Paula; Sánchez, María-José; Argüelles, Marcial Vicente; Huerta, José-Maria; Barricarte, Aurelio; Johansson, Matthias; Ljuslinder, Ingrid; Khaw, Kay Tee; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Freisling, Heinz; Duarte-Salles, Talita; Stepien, Magdalena; Gunter, Mark J.; Riboli, Élio B. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-08)
      Background Disturbances in one carbon metabolism may contribute to carcinogenesis by affecting methylation and synthesis of DNA. Choline and its oxidation product betaine are involved in this metabolism and can serve as ...
    • Smoking, plasma cotinine and risk of atrial fibrillation: the Hordaland Health Study 

      Zuo, Hui; Nygård, Ottar; Vollset, Stein Emil; Ueland, Per Magne; Ulvik, Arve; Midttun, Øivind; Meyer, Klaus; Igland, Jannicke; Sulo, Gerhard; Tell, Grethe S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01)
      Background: Cigarette smoking has been identified as a major modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease and mortality. However, findings on the relationship between smoking and atrial fibrillation (AF) have been ...
    • Tryptophan catabolites as metabolic markers of vitamin B-6 status evaluated in cohorts of healthy adults and cardiovascular patients 

      Ulvik, Arve; Midttun, Øivind; McCann, Adrian; Meyer, Klaus; Tell, Grethe S.; Nygård, Ottar; Ueland, Per Magne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Vitamin B-6 status is routinely measured as pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP) in plasma. Low concentrations of PLP are associated with rheumatic, cardiovascular, and neoplastic diseases. We have previously shown ...
    • Using metabolic profiling and gene expression analyses to explore molecular effects of replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat-a randomized controlled dietary intervention study 

      Ulven, Stine Marie; Christensen, Jacob J.; Nygård, Ottar; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Leder, Lena; Ottestad, Inger; Lysne, Vegard; Laupsa-Borge, Johnny; Ueland, Per Magne; Midttun, Øivind; Meyer, Klaus; McCann, Adrian; Andersen, Lene Frost; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-04-26)
      Background: Replacing dietary saturated fatty acids (SFAs) with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) reduces the plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and subsequently the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, ...