• Alpha-tocopherol and MRI outcomes in multiple sclerosis - association and prediction 

      Løken-Amsrud, Kristin Ingeleiv; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Bakke, Søren Jacob; Beiske, Antonie Giæver; Bjerve, Kristian S; Bjørnarå, Bård T.; Hovdal, Harald Olav; Lilleås, Finn; Midgard, Rune; Pedersen, Tom; Saltyte Benth, Jurate; Torkildsen, Øivind; Wergeland, Stig; Holmøy, Trygve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-01-22)
      Objective: Alpha-tocopherol is the main vitamin E compound in humans, and has important antioxidative and immunomodulatory properties. The aim of this study was to study alpha-tocopherol concentrations and their relationship ...
    • Cancer related mortality in multiple sclerosis. A population based cohort study 

      Grytten, Nina; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Celius, Elisabeth Gulowsen; Benjaminsen, Espen; Midgard, Rune; Vatne, Anita; Aarseth, Jan Harald; Mannseth, Janne; Torkildsen, Øivind Fredvik Grytten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Background: Cancer is a major cause of death, but how cancer influences mortality risk in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is unclear. Objectives: Determine all-cause mortality and mortality following a cancer diagnosis among ...
    • Cognitive and Emotional Impairment after Minor Stroke and Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI): A Prevalence Study 

      Morsund, Åse Hagen; Ellekjær, Hanne; Gramstad, Arne; Reiestad, Magnus Tallaksen; Midgard, Rune; Sando, Sigrid Botne; Jonsbu, Egil; Næss, Halvor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-04-01)
      Aim. To study the prevalence of cognitive and emotional impairment following a minor ischemic stroke compared to an age-matched group with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Methods. We included patients aged ...
    • The development of cognitive and emotional impairment after a minor stroke: A longitudinal study 

      Morsund, Åse Hagen; Ellekjær, Hanne; Gramstad, Arne; Reiestad, Magnus Tallaksen; Midgard, Rune; Sando, Sigrid Botne; Jonsbu, Egil; Næss, Halvor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-09-04)
      Objectives: To study the development of cognitive and emotional symptoms between 3 and 12 months after a minor stroke. Material and Methods: We included patients from stroke units at hospitals in the Central Norway Health ...
    • The Effect of Smoking on Long-term Gray Matter Atrophy and Clinical Disability in Patients with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis 

      Lie, Ingrid Anne; Wesnes, Kristin; Kvistad, Silje S.; Brouwer, Iman; Wergeland, Stig; Holmøy, Trygve; Midgard, Rune; Bru, Alla Nikolajevna S; Edland, Astrid; Eikeland, Randi; Gosal, Sonia; Harbo, Hanne-Cathrin Flinstad; Kleveland, Grethe; Sørenes, Yvonne; Øksendal, Nina; Barkhof, Frederik; Vrenken, Hugo; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Bø, Lars; Torkildesen, Øivind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background and Objectives The relationship between smoking, long-term brain atrophy, and clinical disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is unclear. Here, we assessed long-term effects of smoking by evaluating ...
    • Factors influencing employment after minor stroke and NSTEMI 

      Morsund, Åse Hagen; Ellekjær, Hanne; Gramstad, Arne; Reiestad, Magnus Tallaksen; Midgard, Rune; Sando, Sigrid Botne; Jonsbu, Egil; Næss, Halvor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Aim: To study the effect of cognitive function, fatigue and emotional symptoms on employment after a minor ischemic stroke compared to non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Material and methods: We included ...
    • Gut microbiota composition during a 12-week intervention with delayed-release dimethyl fumarate in multiple sclerosis – a pilot trial 

      Storm-Larsen, Christopher; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Farbu, Elisabeth; Midgard, Rune; Nyquist, Kaja Beate; Broch, Line; Berg-Hansen, Pål; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Holmøy, Trygve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Introduction: Patients with multiple sclerosis may have a distinct gut microbiota profile. Delayed-release dimethyl fumarate is an orally administered drug for relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis, which has been associated ...
    • High incidence and prevalence of MS in Møre and Romsdal County, Norway, 1950–2018 

      Willumsen, Johannes Sverre; Aarseth, Jan Harald; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Midgard, Rune (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Objective To determine prevalence and longitudinal trends in incidence of MS in Møre and Romsdal County, Western Norway, from 1950 to 2018. Methods Retrospective longitudinal population-based observational study. All ...
    • Incidence of cancer in multiple sclerosis before and after the treatment era– a registry- based cohort study 

      Grytten, Nina; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Celius, Elisabeth Gulowsen; Benjaminsen, Espen; Kampman, Margitta T.; Midgard, Rune; Vatne, Anita; Aarseth, Jan H.; Riise, Trond; Torkildsen, Øivind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Whether disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) influence cancer in multiple sclerosis (MS) is uncertain. Objectives: Assess incidence of cancer diagnosis among Norwegian MS patients compared to the general ...
    • Inflammation markers in multiple sclerosis: CXCL16 reflects and may also predict disease activity 

      Holmøy, Trygve; Løken-Amsrud, Kristin Ingeleiv; Bakke, Jacob; Beiske, Antonie Giæver; Bjerve, Kristian S; Hovdal, Harald Olav; Lilleås, Finn; Midgard, Rune; Pedersen, Tom; Saltyte Benth, Jurate; Torkildsen, Øivind; Wergeland, Stig; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Michelsen, Annika; Aukrust, Pål; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-09-19)
      Background. Serum markers of inflammation are candidate biomarkers in multiple sclerosis (MS). ω-3 fatty acids are suggested to have anti-inflammatory properties that might be beneficial in MS. We aimed to explore the ...
    • Level of education and multiple sclerosis risk over a 50-year period: Registry-based sibling study 

      Bjørnevik, Kjetil; Riise, Trond; Benjaminsen, Espen; Celius, Elisabeth Gulowsen; Dahl, Ole-Petter; Kampman, Margitta Theodora; Løken-Amsrud, Kristin Ingeleiv; Midgard, Rune; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Torkildsen, Øivind; Vatne, Anita; Grytten, Nina (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Background: The conflicting results from studies on socioeconomic status (SES) and multiple sclerosis (MS) risk might be due to a change in the distribution of environmental exposures over time or to methodological limitations ...
    • Low vitamin D, but not tobacco use or high BMI, is associated with long-term disability progression in multiple sclerosis 

      Wesnes, Kristin; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Riise, Trond; Stokke, Silje Agnethe; Torkildsen, Øivind; Wergeland, Stig; Holmøy, Trygve; Midgard, Rune; Bru, Alla Nikolajevna S; Edland, Astrid; Eikeland, Randi; Gosal, Sonia; Harbo, Hanne Flinstad; Kleveland, Grethe; Sørenes, Yvonne; Øksendal, Nina; Bjørnevik, Kjetil Lauvland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Low vitamin D levels, tobacco use and high body mass index (BMI) have been linked to adverse disease outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS), but their influence on long-term disability progression remains unclear. ...
    • Month of birth and risk of multiple sclerosis: confoundingand adjustments 

      Torkildsen, Øivind Fredvik; Aarseth, Jan Harald; Benjaminsen, Espen; Celius, Elisabeth Gulowsen; Holmøy, Trygve; Kampman, Margitta Theodora; Løken-Amsrud, Kristin Ingeleiv; Midgard, Rune; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Riise, Trond; Torkildsen, Nina Agnethe Grytten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-02)
      A month of birth effect on multiple sclerosis (MS) risk has been reported from different countries. Recent critics have suggested that this finding is caused by confounding and that adequately adjusting for year and place ...
    • Mortality and cause of death in multiple sclerosis in western Norway 1950-2021: A registry-based linkage study 

      Willumsen, Johannes Sverre; Grytten, Nina; Aarseth, Jan Harald; Myklebust, Tor Åge; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Midgard, Rune (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background Persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) have higher risk of mortality compared with the general population. Longitudinal studies are important for understanding the evolution of survival in pwMS. Objective ...
    • No association of tobacco use and disease activity in multiple sclerosis 

      Kvistad, Silje; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Holmøy, Trygve; Saltyte Benth, Jurate; Løken-Amsrud, Kristin Ingeleiv; Wergeland, Stig; Beiske, Antonie Giæver; Bjerve, Kristian S; Hovdal, Harald Olav; Lilleås, Finn; Midgard, Rune; Pedersen, Tom; Bakke, Søren Jacob; Torkildsen, Øivind (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-08)
      Objective: To study whether tobacco use is associated with MRI and clinical disease activity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: Prospective cohort study of 87 patients with relapsing-remitting MS originally ...
    • Serum neurofilament as a predictor of 10-year grey matter atrophy and clinical disability in multiple sclerosis: a longitudinal study 

      Lie, Ingrid Anne; Kacar, Sezgi; Wesnes, Kristin; Brouwer, Iman; Kvistad, Silje S.; Wergeland, Stig; Holmøy, Trygve; Midgard, Rune; Bru, Alla Nikolajevna S; Edland, Astrid; Eikeland, Randi; Gosal, Sonia; Harbo, Hanne-Cathrin Flinstad; Kleveland, Grethe; Sørenes, Yvonne; Øksendal, Nina; Varhaug, Kristin Nielsen; Vedeler, Christian Alexander; Barkhof, Frederik; Teunissen, Charlotte E.; Bø, Lars; Torkildsen, Øivind Fredvik Grytten; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Vrenken, Hugo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background The predictive value of serum neurofilament light chain (sNfL) on long-term prognosis in multiple sclerosis (MS) is still unclear. Objective Investigate the relation between sNfL levels over a 2-year ...