• An explicit IMF By dependence on solar wind ‐ magnetosphere coupling 

      Reistad, Jone Peter; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Ohma, Anders; Moretto, Therese; Milan, Steve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Presently, all empirical coupling functions quantifying the solar wind—magnetosphere energy—or magnetic flux conversion assume that the coupling is independent of the sign of the dawn-dusk component (B𝑦) of the Interplanetary ...
    • Magnetic Effects of Plasma Pressure Gradients in the Upper F Region 

      Laundal, Karl Magnus; Hatch, Spencer Mark; Moretto, Therese (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Swarm satellites fly at altitudes that at polar latitudes are generally assumed to only contain currents that are aligned with the local magnetic field. Therefore, disturbances along the main field direction are mainly ...
    • A new Look at the Electron Diffusion Region in Asymmetric Magnetic Reconnection 

      Hesse, Michael; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Tenfjord, Paul; James L., Burch; Liu, Yi‐Hsin; Bessho, Naoki; Wang, Shan; Kolstø, Håkon Midthun; Spinnangr, Susanne Flø; Ergun, Robert E; Moretto, Therese; Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      A new look at the structure of the electron diffusion region in collision less magnetic reconnection is presented. The research is based on a particle-in-cell simulation of asymmetric magnetic reconnection, which includes ...
    • Observations of Asymmetric Lobe Convection for Weak and Strong Tail Activity 

      Ohma, Anders; Østgaard, Nikolai; Reistad, Jone Peter; Tenfjord, Paul; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Moretto, Therese; Haaland, Stein; Krcelic, Patrik; Milan, Stephen Eric (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      In this study we use high‐quality convection data from the Electron Drift Instrument on board Cluster to investigate how near‐Earth tail activity affects the average convection pattern in the magnetotail lobes when the ...
    • The Relationship Between Cusp Region Ion Outflows and East-West Magnetic Field Fluctuations at 4,000-km Altitude 

      Hatch, Spencer Mark; Moretto, Therese; Lynch, Kristina A.; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Gjerloev, J.; Lund, Eric (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A number of interdependent conditions and processes contribute to ionospheric-origin energetic ( ∼ 10 eV to several keV) ion outflows. Due to these interdependences and the associated observational challenges, energetic ...
    • Seasonal and hemispheric asymmetries of F‐region polar cap plasma density: Swarm and CHAMP observations 

      Hatch, Spencer Mark; Haaland, Stein; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Moretto, Therese; Yau, Andrew; Bjoland, Lindis Merete; Reistad, Jone Peter; Ohma, Anders; Oksavik, Kjellmar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      One of the primary mechanisms of loss of Earth's atmosphere is the persistent “cold” ( urn:x-wiley:jgra:media:jgra56068:jgra56068-math-0001 20 eV) ion outflow that has been observed in the magnetospheric lobes over large ...