• Actigraphic assessment of motor activity in acutely admitted inpatients with bipolar disorder 

      Krane-Gartiser, Karoline; Henriksen, Tone Elise Gjøtterud; Morken, Gunnar; Vaaler, Arne Einar; Fasmer, Ole Bernt (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-02-20)
      Introduction: Mania is associated with increased activity, whereas psychomotor retardation is often found in bipolar depression. Actigraphy is a promising tool for monitoring phase shifts and changes following treatment ...
    • Actigraphy as an objective intra‑individual marker of activity patterns in acute‑phase bipolar disorder: a case series 

      Krane-Gartiser, Karoline; Asheim, Andreas; Fasmer, Ole Bernt; Morken, Gunnar; Vaaler, Arne; Scott, Janine Linda (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-03-07)
      Background: Actigraphy could be an objective alternative to clinical ratings of motor activity in bipolar disorder (BD), which is of importance now that increased activity and energy are added as cardinal symptoms of ...
    • Applying polygenic risk scoring for psychiatric disorders to a large family with bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder 

      de Jong, Simone; Diniz, Mateus Jose Abdalla; Saloma, Andiara; Gadelha, Ary; Santoro, Marcos L.; Ota, Vanessa K.; Noto, Cristiano; Morken, Gunnar; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Melle, Ingrid; Djurovic, Srdjan; Curtis, Charles; Newhouse, Stephen J.; Patel, Hamel; Hall, Lynsey S.; O`Reilly, Paul F.; Belangero, Sintia I.; Bressan, Rodrigo A.; Breen, Gerome (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-10-08)
      Psychiatric disorders are thought to have a complex genetic pathology consisting of interplay of common and rare variation. Traditionally, pedigrees are used to shed light on the latter only, while here we discuss the ...
    • The association between lithium use and neurocognitive performance in patients with bipolar disorder 

      Burdick, Katherine E.; Millett, Caitlin E.; Russo, Manuela; Alda, Martin; Alliey-Rodriguez, Ney; Anand, Amit; Balaraman, Yokesh; Berrettini, Wade H.; Bertram, Holli; Calabrese, Joseph R.; Calkin, Cynthia V.; Conroy, Carla; Coryell, William; DeModena, Anna; Feeder, Scott; Fisher, Carrie; Frazier, Nicole; Frye, Mark; Gao, Keming; Garnham, Julie; Gershon, Elliot S.; Glazer, Kara; Goes, Fernando S.; Goto, Toyomi; Harrington, Gloria J.; Jakobsen, Petter; Kamali, Masoud; Kelly, Marisa; Leckband, Susan G.; Løberg, Else-Marie; Lohoff, Falk W.; Maihofer, Adam X.; McCarthy, Michael J.; McInnis, Melvin; Morken, Gunnar; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Nurnberger, John I.; Oedegaard, Ketil J.; Ortiz, Abigail; Ritchey, Megan; Ryan, Kelly; Schinagle, Martha; Schwebel, Candice; Shaw, Martha; Shilling, Paul D.; Slaney, Claire; Stapp, Emma; Tarwater, Bruce; Zandi, Peter P.; Kelsoe, John R. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Lithium remains the gold standard for the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD); however, its use has declined over the years mainly due to the side effects and the subjective experience of cognitive numbness reported by ...
    • Chronotype and cellular circadian rhythms predict the clinical response to lithium maintenance treatment in patients with bipolar disorder 

      McCarthy, Michael J.; Stautland, Andrea; Jakobsen, Petter; Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Djurovic, Srdjan; Morken, Gunnar; Schøyen, Helle Kristine; McInnis, Melvin G.; Alda, Martin; Gage, Fred H.; Calabrese, Joseph R.; Zandi, Peter P.; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Shilling, Paul D.; Kelsoe, John R. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Bipolar disorder (BD) is a serious mood disorder associated with circadian rhythm abnormalities. Risk for BD is genetically encoded and overlaps with systems that maintain circadian rhythms. Lithium is an effective mood ...
    • Effects of digital cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia on insomnia severity: a large-scale randomised controlled trial 

      Vedaa, Øystein; Kallestad, Håvard; Scott, Janine Linda; Smith, Otto Robert Frans; Pallesen, Ståle; Morken, Gunnar; Langsrud, Knut; Gehrman, Philip; Thorndike, Frances P.; Ritterband, Lee M.; Harvey, Allison G.; Stiles, Tore C; Sivertsen, Børge (Journal article, 2020)
      Background Although several large-scale randomised controlled trials have shown the efficacy of digital cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (dCBT-I), there is a need to validate widespread dissemination of dCBT-I ...
    • Genome-wide association study identifies 30 loci associated with bipolar disorder 

      Stahl, Eli A.; Breen, Gerome; Forstner, Andreas J.; McQuillin, Andrew; Ripke, Stephan; Trubetskoy, Vassily; Mattheisen, Manuel; Wang, Yunpeng; Coleman, Jonathan R.I.; Gaspar, Héléna A.; de Leeuw, Christiaan A.; Steinberg, Stacy; Pavlides, Jennifer M. Whitehead; Trzaskowski, Maciej; Byrne, Enda M.; Pers, Tune H.; Holmans, Peter A.; Richards, Alexander L.; Abbott, Liam; Agerbo, Esben; Akil, Huda; Albani, Diego; Alliey-Rodriguez, Ney; Als, Thomas D.; Anjorin, Adebayo; Antilla, Verneri; Awasthi, Swapnil; Badner, Judith A.; Bækvad-Hansen, Marie; Barchas, Jack D.; Bass, Nicholas; Bauer, Michael; Belliveau, Richard; Bergen, Sarah E.; Pedersen, Carsten Bøcker; Bøen, Erlend; Boks, Marco P.; Boocock, James; Budde, Monika; Bunney, William; Burmeister, Margit; Bybjerg-Grauholm, Jonas; Byerley, William; Casas, Miquel; Cerrato, Felecia; Cervantes, Pablo; Chambert, Kimberly; Charney, Alxander W.; Chen, Danfeng; Churchhouse, Claire; Clarke, Toni-Kim; Coryell, William; Craig, David W.; Cruceanu, Cristiana; Curtis, David; Czerski, Piotr M.; Dale, Anders; de Jong, Simone; Degenhardt, Franziska; Del-Favero, Jurgen; Depaulo, J. Raymond; Djurovic, Srdjan; Dobbyn, Amanda L.; Dumont, Ashley; Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn; Escott-Price, Valentina; Fan, Chun Chieh; Fischer, Sascha B.; Flickinger, Matthew; Foroud, Tatiana M.; Forty, Liz; Frank, Josef; Fraser, Christine; Freimer, Nelson B.; Frisén, Louise; Gade, Katrin; Gage, Diane; Garnham, Julie; Giambartolomei, Claudia; Pedersen, Marianne Giørtz; Goldstein, Jaqueline; Gordon, Scott D.; Gordon-Smith, Katherine; Green, Elaine K.; Green, Melissa J.; Greenwood, Tifany A.; Grove, Jakob; Guan, Weihua; Guzman-Parra, José; Hamshere, Marian L.; Hautzinger, Martin; Heilbronner, Urs; Herms, Stefan; Hipolito, Maria; Hoffmann, Per; Holland, Dominic; Huckins, Laura; Jamain, Stéphane; Johnson, Jessica S.; Juréus, Anders; Kandaswamy, Radhika; Karlsson, Robert; Kennedy, James L.; Kittel-Schneider, Sarah; Knowles, James A.; Kogevinas, Manolis; Koller, Anna C.; Kupka, Ralph; Lavebratt, Catharina; Lawrence, Jacob; Lawson, William B.; Leber, Markus; Lee, Phil H.; Levy, Shawn E.; Li, Jun Z.; Liu, Chunyu; Lucae, Susanne; Maaser, Anna; MacIntyre, Donald J.; Mahon, Pamela B.; Maier, Wolfgang; Martinsson, Lina; McCarroll, Steve; McGuffin, Peter; McInnis, Melvin G.; McKay, James D.; Medeiros, Helena; Medland, Sarah E.; Meng, Fan; Milani, Lili; Montgomery, Grant W.; Morris, Derek W.; Mühleisen, Thomas W.; Mullins, Niamh; Nguyen, Hoang; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Adolfsson, Annelie Nordin; Nwulia, Evaristus A.; O'Donovan, Claire; Loohuis, Loes M. Olde; Ori, Anil P.S.; Oruc, Lilijana; Ösby, Urban; Perlis, Roy H.; Perry, Amy; Pfennig, Andrea; Potash, James B.; Purcell, Shaun M.; Regeer, Eline J.; Reif, Andreas; Reinbold, Céline S.; Rice, John P.; Rivas, Fabio; Rivera, Margarita; Roussos, Panos; Ruderfer, Douglas M.; Ryu, Euijung; Sánchez-Mora, Cristina; Schatzberg, Alan F.; Scheftner, William A.; Schork, Nicholas J.; Shannon Weickert, Cynthia; Shehktman, Tatyana; Shilling, Paul D.; Sigurdsson, Engilbert; Slaney, Claire; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Sobell, Janet L.; Søholm Hansen, Christine; Spijker, Anne T.; St Clair, David; Steffens, Michael; Strauss, John S.; Streit, Fabian; Strohmaier, Jana; Szelinger, Szabolcs; Thompson, Robert C.; Thorgeirsson, Thorgeir E; Treutlein, Jens; Vedder, Helmut; Wang, Weiqing; Watson, Stanley J.; Weickert, Thomas W.; Witt, Stephanie H.; Xi, Simon; Xu, Wei; Young, Allan H.; Zandi, Peter; Zhang, Peng; Zöllner, Sebastian; Adolfsson, Rolf; Agartz, Ingrid; Alda, Martin; Backlund, Lena; Baune, Bernhard T.; Bellivier, Frank; Berrettini, Wade H.; Biernacka, Joanna M.; Blackwood, Douglas H.R.; Boehnke, Michael; Børglum, Anders D.; Corvin, Aiden; Craddock, Nicholas; Daly, Mark J.; Dannlowski, Udo; Esko, Tõnu; Etain, Bruno; Frye, Mark; Fullerton, Janice M.; Gershon, Elliot S.; Gill, Michael; Goes, Fernando; Grigoroiu-Serbanescu, Maria; Hauser, Joanna; Hougaard, David M.; Hultman, Christina M.; Jones, Ian; Jones, Lisa A.; Kahn, René S.; Kirov, George; Landén, Mikael; Leboyer, Marion; Lewis, Cathryn M.; Li, Qingqin S.; Lissowska, Jolanta; Martin, Nicholas G.; Mayoral, Fermin; McElroy, Susan L.; McIntosh, Andrew M.; McMahon, Francis J.; Melle, Ingrid; Metspalu, Andres; Mitchell, Philip B.; Morken, Gunnar; Mors, Ole; Mortensen, Preben Bo; Müller-Myhsok, Bertram; Myers, Richard M.; Neale, Benjamin M.; Nimgaonkar, Vishwajit; Nordentoft, Merete; Nöthen, Markus M.; O'Donovan, Michael C; Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim; Owen, Michael J.; Paciga, Sara A.; Pato, Carlos; Pato, Michele T.; Posthuma, Danielle; Ramos-Quiroga, Josep Antoni; Ribasés, Marta; Rietschel, Marcella; Rouleau, Guy A.; Schalling, Martin; Schofield, Peter R.; Schulze, Thomas G.; Serretti, Alessandro; Smoller, Jordan W.; Stefansson, Hreinn; Stefansson, Kari; Stordal, Eystein; Sullivan, Patrick F.; Turecki, Gustavo; Vaaler, Arne; Vieta, Eduard; Vincent, John B.; Werge, Thomas; Nurnberger, John I.; Wray, Naomi R.; Di Florio, Arianna; Edenberg, Howard J.; Cichon, Sven; Ophoff, Roel A.; Scott, Laura J.; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Kelsoe, John; Sklar, Pamela (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Bipolar disorder is a highly heritable psychiatric disorder. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) including 20,352 cases and 31,358 controls of European descent, with follow-up analysis of 822 variants with ...
    • Genome-wide association study of borderline personality disorder reveals genetic overlap with bipolar disorder, major depression and schizophrenia 

      Witt, Stephanie H.; Streit, F; Jungkunz, M; Frank, J; Awasthi, S; Reinbold, CS; Treutlein, J; Degenhardt, F; Forstner, AJ; Heilmann-Heimbach, S; Dietl, L; Schwarze, CE; Schendel, D; Strohmaier, Jana; Abdellaoui, A; Adolfsson, Rolf; Air, TM; Akil, Huda; Alda, Martin; Alliey-Rodriguez, N; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Babadjanova, Gulia; Bass, N; Bauer, M; Baune, Bernhard T.; Bellivier, Frank; Bergen, Sarah E; Bethell, A; Biernacka, Joanna M.; Blackwood, Douglas H.R.; Boks, Marco P; Boomsma, Dorret I.; Borglum, Anders D; Borrmann-Hassenbach, M; Brennan, P; Budde, M; Buttenschon, HN; Byrne, Enda M.; Cervantes, P; Clarke, TK; Craddock, N; Cruceanu, C; Curtis, David; Czerski, Piotr M.; Dannlowski, Udo; Davis, T; de Geus, Eco J C; Di Florio, A; Djurovic, Srdjan; Domenici, Enrico; Edenberg, Howard J; Etain, Bruno; Fischer, SB; Forty, L; Fraser, C; Frye, M; Fullerton, JM; Gershon, Elliot S.; Gieglin, I; Gordon, Scott D; Gordon-Smith, K; Grabe, Hans Jörgen; Green, EK; Greenwood, TA; Grigoroiu-Serbanescu, Maria; Guzman-Parra, J; Hall, L; Hamshere, Marian; Hauser, J; Hautzinger, Martin; Heilbronner, U; Herms, Stefan; Hitturlingappa, S; HOFFMANN, PAVEL; Holmans, P; Hottenga, Jouke Jan; Jamain, Stephane; Jones, I; Jones, L; Juréus, Anna; Kahn, René S; Kammerer-Ciernioch, Jutta; Kirov, George; Kittel-Schneider, Sarah; Kloiber, Stefan; Knott, SV; Kogevinas, Manolis; Landen, M; Leber, M; Leboyer, Marion; Li, Qingqin S.; Lissowska, Jolanta; Lucae, Susanne; Martin, NG; Mayoral-Cleries, F; McElroy, SL; McIntosh, Andrew M; McKay, James D; McQuilling, A; Medland, Sarah E; Middeldorp, Christel M.; Milaneschi, Y; Mitchell, Philip B; Montgomery, Grant W; Mors, O; Mühleisen, Thomas W.; Muller-Myshok, B; Myers, Richard M; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Nurnberger, John I.; O'Donovan, Michael C; Loohuis, Loes M. Olde; Ophoff, R; Oruc, Liliana; Owen, Michael J; Paciga, SA; Penninx, Brenda W J H; Perry, A; Pfennig, Andrea; Potash, James B.; Preisig, Martin; Reif, A; Rivas, F; Rouleau, GA; Schofield, Peter R; Schulze, Thomas G; Schwarz, M; Scott, L; Sinnamon, GCB; Stahl, Eli A.; Strauss, J; Turecki, G; Van der Auwera, S; Vedder, Helmut; Vincent, John B; Willemsen, Gonneke; Witt, CC; Wray, Naomi R; Xi, HS; Tadic, A; Dahmen, Norbert; Schott, Björn H; Cichon, Sven; Nothen, Markus M; Ripke, Stephan; Mobascher, A; Rujescu, Dan; Lieb, K; Roepke, S; Schmal, Christine; Bohus, Martin; Rietschel, Marcella; Morken, Gunnar; Gade, K (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-06-20)
      Borderline personality disorder (BOR) is determined by environmental and genetic factors, and characterized by affective instability and impulsivity, diagnostic symptoms also observed in manic phases of bipolar disorder ...
    • GWAS of suicide attempt in psychiatric disorders and association with major depression polygenic risk scores 

      Mullins, Niamh; Bigdeli, Tim B.; Børglum, Anders D.; Coleman, Jonathan R.I.; Demontis, Ditte; Mehta, Divya; Power, Robert A.; Ripke, Stephan; Stahl, Eli A.; Starnawska, Anna; Anjorin, Adebayo; Corvin, Aiden; Sanders, Alan R.; Forstner, Andreas J.; Reif, Andreas; Koller, Anna C.; Świątkowska, Beata; Baune, Bernhard T.; Müller-Myhsok, Bertram; Penninx, Brenda W.J.H.; Pato, Carlos; Zai, Clement; Rujescu, Dan; Hougaard, David M.; Quested, Digby; Levinson, Douglas F.; Binder, Elisabeth B.; Byrne, Enda M.; Agerbo, Esben; Streit, Fabian; Mayoral, Fermin; Bellivier, Frank; Degenhardt, Franziska; Breen, Gerome; Morken, Gunnar; Turecki, Gustavo; Rouleau, Guy A.; Grabe, Hans J.; Völzke, Henry; Jones, Ian; Giegling, Ina; Agartz, Ingrid; Melle, Ingrid; Lawrence, Jacob; Walters, James T.R.; Strohmaier, Jana; Shi, Jianxin; Hauser, Joanna; Biernacka, Joanna M.; Vincent, John B.; Kelsoe, John; Strauss, John S.; Lissowska, Jolanta; Pimm, Jonathan; Smoller, Jordan W.; Guzman-Parra, José; Berger, Klaus; Scott, Laura J.; Jones, Lisa A.; Azevedo, M. Helena; Trzaskowski, Maciej; Kogevinas, Manolis; Rietschel, Marcella; Boks, Marco; Ising, Marcus; Grigoroiu-Serbanescu, Maria; Hamshere, Marian L.; Leboyer, Marion; Frye, Mark; Nöthen, Markus M.; Alda, Martin; Preisig, Martin; Nordentoft, Merete; Boehnke, Michael; O'Donovan, Michael C.; Owen, Michael J.; Pato, Michele T.; Renteriá, Miguel E.; Budde, Monika; Weissman, Myrna M.; Wray, Naomi R.; Bass, Nicholas; Craddock, Nicholas; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Mors, Ole; Gejman, Pablo V.; Sklar, Pamela; McGrath, Patrick; Hoffmann, Per; McGuffin, Peter; Lee, Phil H.; Mortensen, Preben Bo; Kahn, René S.; Ophoff, Roel A.; Adolfsson, Rolf; Van der Auwera, Sandra; Djurovic, Srdjan; Kloiber, Stefan; Heilmann-Heimbach, Stefanie; Jamain, Stéphane; Hamilton, Steven P.; McElroy, Susan L.; Lucae, Susanne; Cichon, Sven; Schulze, Thomas G.; Hansen, Thomas; Werge, Thomas; Air, Tracy M.; Nimgaonkar, Vishwajit; Appadurai, Vivek; Cahn, Wiepke; Milaneschi, Yuri; Fanous, Ayman H.; Kendler, Kenneth S.; McQuillin, Andrew; Lewis, Cathryn M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Objective: More than 90% of people who attempt suicide have a psychiatric diagnosis; however, twin and family studies suggest that the genetic etiology of suicide attempt is partially distinct from that of the psychiatric ...
    • Motor activity patterns in acute schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders can be differentiated from bipolar mania and unipolar depression 

      Krane-Gartiser, Karoline; Henriksen, Tone Elise Gjøtterud; Morken, Gunnar; Vaaler, Arne; Fasmer, Ole Bernt (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-12)
      The purpose of this study was to compare 24-h motor activity patterns between and within three groups of acutely admitted inpatients with schizophrenia and psychotic disorders (n = 28), bipolar mania (n = 18) and motor-retarded ...
    • Neurocognitive profiles in treatment-resistant bipolar I and bipolar II disorder depression 

      Kessler, Ute; Schøyen, Helle Kristine; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Eide, Geir Egil; Hammar, Åsa; Malt, Ulrik F.; Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim; Morken, Gunnar; Sundet, Kjetil; Vaaler, Arne E. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-04-04)
      Background: The literature on the neuropsychological profiles in Bipolar disorder (BD) depression is sparse. The aims of the study were to assess the neurocognitive profiles in treatment-resistant, acutely admitted BD ...
    • Neurocognitive profiles in treatment-resistant bipolar I and bipolar II disorder depression 

      Kessler, Ute; Schøyen, Helle Kristine; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Eide, Geir Egil; Hammar, Åsa; Malt, Ulrik Fredrik; Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim; Morken, Gunnar; Sundet, Kjetil Søren; Vaaler, Arne Einar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-04-04)
      Background The literature on the neuropsychological profiles in Bipolar disorder (BD) depression is sparse. The aims of the study were to assess the neurocognitive profiles in treatment-resistant, acutely admitted BD ...
    • Overcoming insomnia: Protocol for a large-scale randomised controlled trial of online cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia compared with online patient education about sleep 

      Kallestad, Håvard; Vedaa, Øystein; Scott, Janine Linda; Morken, Gunnar; Pallesen, Ståle; Harvey, Allison G.; Gehrman, Phil; Thorndike, Frances; Ritterband, Lee; Stiles, Tore C; Sivertsen, Børge (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Introduction Insomnia is a major public health concern. While cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is acknowledged as the best available intervention, there are unanswered questions about its wider dissemination, ...
    • The Pharmacogenomics of Bipolar Disorder study (PGBD): Identification of genes for lithium response in a prospective sample 

      Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim; Alda, Martin; Anand, Anit; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Balaraman, Yokesh; Berrettini, Wade H.; Bhattacharjee, Abesh; Brennand, Kristen J.; Burdick, Katherine E.; Calabrese, Joseph R.; Calkin, Cynthia V.; Claasen, Ana; Coryell, William H.; Craig, David; DeModena, Anna; Frye, Mark A.; Gage, Fred H.; Gao, Keming; Garnham, Julie; Gershon, Elliot; Jakobsen, Petter; Leckband, Susan G.; McCarthy, Michael J.; McInnis, Melvin G.; Maihofer, Adam X.; Mertens, Jerome; Morken, Gunnar; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Nurnberger, John I.; Pham, Son; Schøyen, Helle Kristine; Shekhtman, Tatyana; Shilling, Paul D.; Szelinger, Szabolcs; Tarwater, Bruce; Yao, Jun; Zandi, Peter P.; Kelsoe, John R. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-05-05)
      Background: Bipolar disorder is a serious and common psychiatric disorder characterized by manic and depressive mood switches and a relapsing and remitting course. The cornerstone of clinical management is stabilization ...
    • A pilot study to determine whether combinations of objectively measured activity parameters can be used to differentiate between mixed states, mania, and bipolar depression 

      Scott, Janine Linda; Vaaler, Arne; Fasmer, Ole Bernt; Morken, Gunnar; Krane-Gartiser, Karoline (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-03-01)
      Background: Until recently, actigraphy studies in bipolar disorders focused on sleep rather than daytime activity in mania or depression, and have failed to analyse mixed episodes separately. Furthermore, even those studies ...
    • The study protocol of the Norwegian randomized controlled trial of electroconvulsive therapy in treatment resistant depression in bipolar disorder 

      Kessler, Ute; Vaaler, Arne E.; Schøyen, Helle; Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim; Bergsholm, Per; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Malt, Ulrik Fredrik; Morken, Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2010-02-23)
      Background The treatment of depressive phases of bipolar disorder is challenging. The effects of the commonly used antidepressants in bipolar depression are questionable. Electroconvulsive therapy is generally considered ...
    • The study protocol of the Norwegian randomized controlled trial of electroconvulsive therapy in treatment resistant depression in bipolar disorder 

      Kessler, Ute; Vaaler, Arne E.; Schøyen, Helle Kristine; Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim; Bergsholm, Per; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Malt, Ulrik F.; Morken, Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2010-02-23)
      Background The treatment of depressive phases of bipolar disorder is challenging. The effects of the commonly used antidepressants in bipolar depression are questionable. Electroconvulsive therapy is generally considered ...
    • Variability of activity patterns across mood disorders and time of day 

      Krane-Gartiser, Karoline; Vaaler, Arne; Fasmer, Ole Bernt; Sørensen, Kjetil; Morken, Gunnar; Scott, Janine Linda (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-12-19)
      Background: Few actigraphy studies in mood disorders have simultaneously included unipolar (UP) and bipolar (BD) depression or BD mixed states as a separate subgroup from mania. This study compared objectively measured ...