• Factors affecting extreme rainfall events in the South Pacific 

      Pariyar, Sunil Kumar; Keenlyside, Noel; Sorteberg, Asgeir; Spengler, Thomas; Bhatt, Bhuwan Chandra; Ogawa, Fumiaki (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Extreme rainfall events in the South Pacific are widespread and affected by various factors on different time scales. We use daily rainfall data from 20 stations over the South Pacific to investigate the characteristics ...
    • Impact of Arctic sea ice variations on winter temperature anomalies in northern hemispheric land areas 

      Köenigk, Torben; Gao, Yongqi; Gastineau, Guillaume; Keenlyside, Noel; Nakamura, Tetsu; Ogawa, Fumiaki; Orsolini, Yvan; Semenov, Vladimir A.; Suo, Lingling; Tian, Tian; Wang, Tao; Wettstein, Justin; Yang, Shuting (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-07-30)
      Coordinated numerical ensemble experiments with six different state-of-the-art atmosphere models have been used in order to evaluate the respective impact of the observed Arctic sea ice and sea surface temperature (SST) ...
    • Impact of ocean and sea ice initialisation on seasonal prediction skill in the Arctic 

      Kimmritz, Madlen; Counillon, Francois; Smedsrud, Lars H.; Bethke, Ingo; Keenlyside, Noel; Ogawa, Fumiaki; Wang, Yiguo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      There is a growing demand for skillful prediction systems in the Arctic. Using the Norwegian Climate Prediction Model (NorCPM) that combines the fully-coupled Norwegian Earth System Model and the Ensemble Kalman filter, ...
    • Key Role of the Ocean Western Boundary currents in shaping the Northern Hemisphere climate 

      Omrani, Nour-Eddine; Ogawa, Fumiaki; Nakamura, Hisashi; Keenlyside, Noel; Lubis, Sandro W.; Matthes, Katja (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The individual impact of North Atlantic and Pacific Ocean Western Boundary Currents (OWBCs) on the tropospheric circulation has recently been studied in depth. However, their simultaneous role in shaping the hemisphere-scale ...
    • Oceanic forcing of the global warming slowdown in multi-model simulations 

      Xu, Xinping; He, Shengping; Furevik, Tore; Gao, Yongqi; Wang, Huijun; Li, Fei; Ogawa, Fumiaki (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Abstract Concurrent with the slowdown of global warming during 2002–2013, the wintertime land surface air temperatures over Eurasia, North America, Africa, Australia, South America, and Greenland experienced notable ...
    • Ozone-induced climate change propped up by the Southern Hemisphere oceanic front 

      Ogawa, Fumiaki; Omrani, Nour-Eddine; Nishii, Kazuaki; Nakamura, Hisashi; Keenlyside, Noel (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-11-23)
      The late twentieth century was marked by a significant summertime trend in the Southern Annular Mode (SAM), the dominant mode of tropospheric variability in the extratropical Southern Hemisphere (SH). This trend with ...
    • Prevailing Surface Wind Direction during Air-Sea Heat Exchange 

      Ogawa, Fumiaki; Spengler, Thomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      While the climatological-mean sensible and latent heat fluxes are remarkably well described using climatological-mean fields in the bulk flux formulas, this study shows that a significant fraction of the climatological-mean ...