• The asymmetric geospace as displayed during the geomagnetic storm on 17 August 2001 

      Østgaard, Nikolai; Reistad, Jone Peter; Tenfjord, Paul; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Rexer, Theresa; Haaland, Stein; Snekvik, Kristian; Hesse, Michael; Milan, Stephen Eric; Ohma, Anders (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-11-29)
      Previous studies have shown that conjugate auroral features are displaced in the two hemispheres when the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) has a transverse (Y) component. It has also been shown that a BY component is ...
    • An explicit IMF By dependence on solar wind ‐ magnetosphere coupling 

      Reistad, Jone Peter; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Ohma, Anders; Moretto, Therese; Milan, Steve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Presently, all empirical coupling functions quantifying the solar wind—magnetosphere energy—or magnetic flux conversion assume that the coupling is independent of the sign of the dawn-dusk component (B𝑦) of the Interplanetary ...
    • Interplanetary Magnetic Field Bx Component Influence on Horizontal and Field-Aligned Currents in the Ionosphere 

      Laundal, Karl Magnus; Reistad, Jone Peter; Finlay, Christopher C.; Østgaard, Nikolai; Tenfjord, Paul; Snekvik, Kristian; Ohma, Anders (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-05)
      Statistical analyses have shown that the sunward component of the interplanetary magnetic field, Bx (Geocentric Solar Magnetospheric), moderately but significantly affects the auroral intensity. These observations have ...
    • North-south asymmetries in cold plasma density in the magnetotail lobes: Cluster observations 

      Haaland, Stein; Lybekk, Bjørn; Maes, Lukas; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Pedersen, Amund; Tenfjord, Paul; Ohma, Anders; Østgaard, Nikolai; Reistad, Jone Peter; Snekvik, Kristian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01)
      In this paper, we present observations of cold (0–70 eV) plasma density in the magnetotail lobes. The observations and results are based on 16 years of Cluster observation of spacecraft potential measurements converted ...
    • Observations of Asymmetric Lobe Convection for Weak and Strong Tail Activity 

      Ohma, Anders; Østgaard, Nikolai; Reistad, Jone Peter; Tenfjord, Paul; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Moretto, Therese; Haaland, Stein; Krcelic, Patrik; Milan, Stephen Eric (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      In this study we use high‐quality convection data from the Electron Drift Instrument on board Cluster to investigate how near‐Earth tail activity affects the average convection pattern in the magnetotail lobes when the ...
    • Observations of asymmetries in ionospheric return flow during different levels of geomagnetic activity 

      Reistad, Jone Peter; Østgaard, Nikolai; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Ohma, Anders; Snekvik, Kristian; Tenfjord, Paul; Grocott, Adrian; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Milan, Steve; Haaland, Stein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-06)
      It is known that the magnetic field of the Earth's closed magnetosphere can be highly displaced from the quiet‐day configuration when interacting with the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), an asymmetry largely controlled ...
    • Seasonal and hemispheric asymmetries of F‐region polar cap plasma density: Swarm and CHAMP observations 

      Hatch, Spencer Mark; Haaland, Stein; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Moretto, Therese; Yau, Andrew; Bjoland, Lindis Merete; Reistad, Jone Peter; Ohma, Anders; Oksavik, Kjellmar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      One of the primary mechanisms of loss of Earth's atmosphere is the persistent “cold” ( urn:x-wiley:jgra:media:jgra56068:jgra56068-math-0001 20 eV) ion outflow that has been observed in the magnetospheric lobes over large ...
    • Separation and quantification of ionospheric convection sources: 1. A new technique 

      Reistad, Jone Peter; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Østgaard, Nikolai; Ohma, Anders; Haaland, Stein; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Milan, Stephen Eric (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-04)
      This paper describes a novel technique that allows separation and quantification of different sources of convection in the high‐latitude ionosphere. To represent the ionospheric convection electric field, we use the Spherical ...
    • Separation and quantification of ionospheric convection sources: 2. The dipole tilt angle influence on reverse convection cells during northward IMF 

      Reistad, Jone Peter; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Østgaard, Nikolai; Ohma, Anders; Thomas, Evan G.; Haaland, Stein; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Milan, Stephen Eric (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-04)
      This paper investigates the influence of Earth's dipole tilt angle on the reverse convection cells (sometimes referred to as lobe cells) in the Northern Hemisphere ionosphere during northward IMF, which we relate to ...