• Challenges and Strategic Research Plans for Earth and Heliosphere: Research Infrastructures, Projects and Initiatives 

      Mann, Ingrid; Kauristie, Kirsti; Bamford, Ruth; McCrea, Ian; Moen, Jøran Idar; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Yamauchi, Masanori; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad; Turunen, Esa (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-07-24)
      We describe existing research infrastructures relevant for space weather and open issues of space weather research including the need for sustainable observation networks and for high-quality data products as basis for ...
    • Dayside Field-Aligned Current Impacts on Ionospheric Irregularities 

      Follestad, Anna Kristine Fæhn; Herlingshaw, Katie; Ghadjari, Hossein; Knudsen, David J.; McWilliams, Kathryn A.; Moen, Jøran Idar; Spicher, Andres; Wu, Jingjing; Oksavik, Kjellmar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) are subject to disturbances caused by plasma irregularities in the ionosphere. Studies have suggested that in addition to the gradient drift and Kelvin‐Helmholtz instabilities, ...
    • Dynamic effects of restoring footpoint symmetry on closed magnetic field lines 

      Reistad, Jone Peter; Østgaard, Nikolai; Tenfjord, Paul; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Snekvik, Kristian; Haaland, Stein; Milan, Steve; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Frey, H. U.; Grokott, A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-05-05)
      Here we present an event where simultaneous global imaging of the aurora from both hemispheres reveals a large longitudinal shift of the nightside aurora of about 3 h, being the largest relative shift reported on from ...
    • Dynamic properties of throat aurora revealed by simultaneous ground and satellite observations 

      Chen, Xiangcai; Han, Desheng; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Moen, Jøran Idar; Baddeley, Lisa (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-03)
      Throat aurora is defined as south-north aligned auroral arcs equatorward of the dayside cusp aurora and was suggested to be the results of cold magnetospheric plasma interaction with magnetopause reconnection, but its ...
    • GPS scintillation and irregularities at the front of an ionization tongue in the nightside polar ionosphere 

      van der Meeren, Christer; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Moen, Jøran Idar; Romano, Vincenzo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-10)
      In this paper we study a tongue of ionization (TOI) on 31 October 2011 which stretched across the polar cap from the Canadian dayside sector to Svalbard in the nightside ionosphere. The TOI front arrived over Svalbard ...
    • GPS Scintillations and Losses of Signal Lock at High Latitudes During the 2015 St. Patrick's Day Storm 

      Jin, Yaqi; Oksavik, Kjellmar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-09)
      We investigate the Global Positioning System (GPS) amplitude and phase scintillations during a severe geomagnetic storm on 17 March 2015. The auroral oval expanded significantly due to a strongly southward interplanetary ...
    • GPS scintillations associated with cusp dynamics and polar cap patches 

      Jin, Yaqi; Moen, Jøran Idar; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Spicher, Andres; Clausen, Lasse Boy Novock; Miloch, Wojciech Jacek (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This paper investigates the relative scintillation level associated with cusp dynamics (including precipitation, flow shears, etc.) with and without the formation of polar cap patches around the cusp inflow region by the ...
    • How Often Do Thermally Excited 630.0 nm Emissions Occur in the Polar Ionosphere? 

      Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01)
      This paper studies thermally excited emissions in the polar ionosphere derived from European Incoherent Scatter Svalbard radar measurements from the years 2000–2015. The peak occurrence is found around magnetic noon, where ...
    • In-flight calibration of NOAA POES proton detectors - Derivation of the MEPED correction factors 

      Sandanger, Marit Irene; Ødegaard, Linn-Kristine Glesnes; Tyssøy, Hilde Nesse; Stadsnes, Johan; Søraas, Finn; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Aarsnes, Kjell (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-11-25)
      The MEPED instruments on board the NOAA POES and MetOp satellites have been continuously measuring energetic particles in the magnetosphere since 1978. However, degradation of the proton detectors over time leads to an ...
    • Intensity asymmetries in the dusk sector of the poleward auroral oval due to IMF Bx 

      Reistad, Jone Peter; Østgaard, Nikolai; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Haaland, Stein; Tenfjord, Paul; Snekvik, Kristian; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Milan, Steve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-12)
      In the exploration of global-scale features of the Earth's aurora, little attention has been given to the radial component of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF). This study investigates the global auroral response in ...
    • Observational evidence for throat aurora being associated with magnetopause reconnection 

      Han, De-Sheng; Xu, Tong; Jin, Yaqi; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Chen, Xiangcai; Liu, Jian-Jun; Zhang, Qinghe; Baddeley, Lisa; Herlingshaw, Katie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Throat auroras have been suggested to be related to indentations on the subsolar magnetopause. However, the indentation generation process and the resulting ionospheric responses have remained unknown. An EISCAT Svalbard ...
    • Observations of asymmetries in ionospheric return flow during different levels of geomagnetic activity 

      Reistad, Jone Peter; Østgaard, Nikolai; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Ohma, Anders; Snekvik, Kristian; Tenfjord, Paul; Grocott, Adrian; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Milan, Steve; Haaland, Stein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-06)
      It is known that the magnetic field of the Earth's closed magnetosphere can be highly displaced from the quiet‐day configuration when interacting with the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF), an asymmetry largely controlled ...
    • On the contribution of thermal excitation to the total 630.0 nm emissions in the northern cusp ionosphere 

      Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01)
      Direct impact excitation by precipitating electrons is believed to be the main source of 630.0 nm emissions in the cusp ionosphere. However, this paper investigates a different source, 630.0 emissions caused by thermally ...
    • On the Production of Ionospheric Irregularities Via Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability Associated with Cusp Flow Channels 

      Spicher, Andres; Deshpande, Kshitija; Jin, Yaqi; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Zettergren, Matthew D.; Clausen, Lasse Boy Novock; Moen, Jøran Idar; Hairston, Marc R.; Baddeley, Lisa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      We present a multi‐instrument multiscale study of a channel of enhanced, inhomogeneous flow in the cusp ionosphere occurring on November 30, 2014. We provide evidence that strong Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) ...
    • Plasma density gradients at the edge of polar ionospheric holes: the absence of phase scintillation 

      Jenner, Luke A.; Wood, Alan G.; Dorrian, Gareth D.; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Yeoman, Timothy; Fogg, Alexandra R.; Coster, Anthea J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Polar holes were observed in the high-latitude ionosphere during a series of multi-instrument case studies close to the Northern Hemisphere winter solstice in 2014 and 2015. These holes were observed during geomagnetically ...
    • The science case for the EISCAT_3D radar 

      McCrea, Ian W.; Aikio, Anita; Alfonsi, Lucilla; Belova, Evgenia; Buchert, Stephan C.; Clilverd, Mark; Engler, Norbert; Gustavsson, Björn Johan; Heinselman, C.; Kero, Johan; Kosch, Mike; Lamy, Herve; Leyser, Thomas; Ogawa, Yasunobu; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Pellinen-Wannberg, Asta; Pitout, Frederic; Rapp, Markus; Stanislawska, Iwona; Vierinen, Juha (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-07-29)
      The EISCAT (European Incoherent SCATer) Scientific Association has provided versatile incoherent scatter (IS) radar facilities on the mainland of northern Scandinavia (the EISCAT UHF and VHF radar systems) and on Svalbard ...
    • Scintillation and irregularities from the nightside part of a Sun-aligned polar cap arc 

      van der Meeren, Christer; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Paxton, Larry J.; Clausen, Lasse Boy Novock (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-06-18)
      In this paper we study the presence of irregularities and scintillation in relation to the nightside part of a long-lived, Sun-aligned transpolar arc on 15 January 2015. The arc was observed in DMSP UV and particle data ...
    • Scintillation and loss of signal lock from poleward moving auroral forms in the cusp ionosphere 

      Oksavik, Kjellmar; van der Meeren, Christer; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Baddeley, Lisa; Moen, Jøran Idar (Journal article, 2015-10-27)
      We present two examples from the cusp ionosphere over Svalbard, where poleward moving auroral forms (PMAFs) are causing significant phase scintillation in signals from navigation satellites. The data were obtained using a ...
    • Seasonal and hemispheric asymmetries of F‐region polar cap plasma density: Swarm and CHAMP observations 

      Hatch, Spencer Mark; Haaland, Stein; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Moretto, Therese; Yau, Andrew; Bjoland, Lindis Merete; Reistad, Jone Peter; Ohma, Anders; Oksavik, Kjellmar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      One of the primary mechanisms of loss of Earth's atmosphere is the persistent “cold” ( urn:x-wiley:jgra:media:jgra56068:jgra56068-math-0001 20 eV) ion outflow that has been observed in the magnetospheric lobes over large ...
    • Seasonal and Solar Cycle Variations of Thermally Excited 630.0 nm Emissions in the Polar Ionosphere 

      Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Lorentzen, Dag Arne; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad; Laundal, Karl Magnus (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-08)
      Solar cycle and seasonal variations have been found in the occurrence of strong thermally excited 630.0 nm emissions in the polar ionosphere. Measurements from the European Incoherent Scatter Svalbard Radar have been used ...