• The 5-HTTLPR rs25531 LALA-genotype increases the risk of insomnia symptoms among shift workers 

      Pallesen, Ståle; Jacobsen, Daniel Pitz; Nielsen, Morten Birkeland; Gjerstad, Johannes (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background Previous studies indicate that shift work tolerance may be associated with individual factors including genetic variability in the gene encoding the serotonin transporter 5-HTT (SLC6A4). The present study aimed ...
    • An Actigraphy-Based Validation Study of the Sleep Disorder Inventory in the Nursing Home 

      Hjetland, Gunnhild Johnsen; Nordhus, Inger Hilde; Pallesen, Ståle; Cummings, Jeffrey; Tractenberg, Rochelle E.; Thun, Eirunn; Kolberg, Eirin; Flo, Elisabeth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-13)
      Background: Disrupted sleep is common among nursing home patients with dementia and is associated with increased agitation, depression, and cognitive impairment. Detecting and treating sleep problems in this population are ...
    • The aetiology and trajectory of anabolic-androgenic steroid use initiation: a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research 

      Sagoe, Dominic; Andreassen, Cecilie Schou; Pallesen, Ståle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-07-02)
      Background: To our knowledge, there has never been a systematic review and synthesis of the qualitative literature on the trajectory and aetiology of nonmedical anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use. Methods: We systematically ...
    • Aggression and Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use Intent in Adolescents: A Longitudinal Study 

      Chegeni, Razieh; Sagoe, Dominic; Mentzoni, Rune Aune; Pallesen, Ståle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: There is a dearth of longitudinal studies on risk factors for anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) use and intent. Objectives: We conducted a longitudinal investigation of factors associated with AAS use intent ...
    • Aggression from Patients or Next of Kin and Exposure to Bullying Behaviors: A Conglomerate Experience? 

      Reknes, Iselin; Notelaers, Guy; Magerøy, Nils; Pallesen, Ståle; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Moen, Bente Elisabeth; Einarsen, Ståle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-02-08)
      Although workplace violence and aggression have been identified as important stressors in the nursing profession, studies simultaneously comparing patient-initiated aggression and exposure to bullying behaviors at work are ...
    • Alerting and Circadian Effects of Short-Wavelength vs. Long-Wavelength Narrow-Bandwidth Light during a Simulated Night Shift 

      Sunde, Erlend; Pedersen, Torhild; Mrdalj, Jelena; Thun, Eirunn; Grønli, Janne; Harris, Anette; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Waage, Siri; Skene, Debra J.; Pallesen, Ståle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Light can be used to facilitate alertness, task performance and circadian adaptation during night work. Novel strategies for illumination of workplaces, using ceiling mounted LED-luminaires, allow the use of a range of ...
    • Antecedents and consequences of social media fatigue 

      Dhir, Amandeep; Kaur, Puneet; Chen, Sufen; Pallesen, Ståle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Prior literature suggests that social media users are increasingly experiencing social media fatigue. Only recently have scholars undertaken empirical studies to investigate its antecedents and outcomes to better understand ...
    • Association Between Objectively Measured Sleep Duration and Symptoms of Psychiatric Disorders in Middle Childhood 

      Ranum, Bror M.; Wichstrøm, Lars; Pallesen, Ståle; Falch-Madsen, Jonas; Halse, Marte Kathrine; Steinsbekk, Silje (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-27)
      Importance: The long-term association between sleep duration and mental health in children is currently unknown. Objective: To investigate the prospective associations between sleep duration and symptoms of emotional and ...
    • The Association Between Shift Work and Immunological Biomarkers in Nurses 

      Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Axelsson, John; Pallesen, Ståle; Waage, Siri; Vedaa, Øystein; Blytt, Kjersti Marie; Buchvold, Hogne Vikanes; Moen, Bente Elisabeth; Thun, Eirunn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Objectives: Shift work is associated with several negative health effects. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are unclear, but low-grade inflammation has been suggested to play a role. This project aimed to ...
    • The association between sleep problems and academic performance in primary school-aged children: Findings from a Norwegian longitudinal population-based study 

      Stormark, Kjell Morten; Fosse, Hedvik Elisabeth; Pallesen, Ståle; Hysing, Mari (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-11-07)
      The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal association between concurrent, transitory and persistent difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep (DIMS) on academic performance in children in a. longitudinal ...
    • Associations between exposure to workplace bullying and insomnia: a cross-lagged prospective study of causal directions 

      Nielsen, Morten Birkeland; Pallesen, Ståle; Einarsen, Ståle; Harris, Anette; Rajalingam, Dhaksshaginy; Gjerstad, Johannes (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Objective Workplace bullying has been established as a significant correlate of sleep problems. However, little is known regarding the causal direction between bullying and sleep. The aim of this study was to examine ...
    • The associations between low-level gaming, high-level gaming and problematic alcohol use 

      Erevik, Eilin K.; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Andreassen, Cecilie Schou; Krossbakken, Elfrid; Vedaa, Øystein; Pallesen, Ståle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12)
      The current study aimed to investigate associations between gaming and different patterns of problematic alcohol use, controlling for important demographics, personality and mental health covariates. Data was collected by ...
    • Associations between night work and BMI, alcohol, smoking, caffeine and exercise - A cross-sectional study 

      Buchvold, Hogne Vikanes; Pallesen, Ståle; Øyane, Nicolas Melchior Frederic; Bjorvatn, Bjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-11-12)
      Background: Shift work is associated with negative health effects. Increased prevalence of several cardiovascular risk factors among shift workers/night workers compared with day workers have been shown resulting in increased ...
    • Attentional bias in snus users: An experimental study 

      Mentzoni, Rune Aune; Sætrevik, Bjørn; Molde, Helge; Wiium, Nora; Hetland, Jørn; Fagerland, Ida; Nordnes, Linn Tinnesand; Storemark, Sunniva Straume; Fossum, Ingrid Nesdal; Pallesen, Ståle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-10-08)
      The use of nicotine in the form of ‘‘snus’’ is substantial and increasing in some geographic areas, in particular among young people. It has previously been suggested that addictions may operate through a mechanism of ...
    • Attitudes toward gambling among adolescents 

      Hanss, Daniel; Mentzoni, Rune Aune; Delfabbro, Paul; Myrseth, Helga; Pallesen, Ståle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      It is well documented that attitudes toward gambling are a good predictor of problem gambling during adolescence. However, so far, little is known about what factors are associated with adolescents' gambling attitudes. ...
    • The Bergen Shopping Addiction Scale: Reliability and validity of a brief screening test 

      Andreassen, Cecilie Schou; Griffiths, Mark D.; Pallesen, Ståle; Bilder, Robert; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Aboujaoude, Elias (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-09-17)
      Although excessive and compulsive shopping has been increasingly placed within the behavioral addiction paradigm in recent years, items in existing screens arguably do not assess the core criteria and components of addiction. ...
    • Beyond sleep duration: Sleep timing as a risk factor for childhood obesity 

      Skjåkødegård, Hanna Flækøy; Danielsen, Yngvild Sørebø; Frisk, Bente; Hystad, Sigurd William; Roelants, Mathieu; Pallesen, Ståle; Conlon, Rachel; Wilfley, Denise E.; Juliusson, Petur Benedikt (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Ample evidence attests to the relationship between short sleep duration, sleep problems and childhood obesity. However, few studies have examined the association between sleep timing and obesity in ...
    • Blue-enriched white light improves performance but not subjective alertness and circadian adaptation during three consecutive simulated night shifts 

      Sunde, Erlend; Pedersen, Torhild; Mrdalj, Jelena; Thun, Eirunn; Grønli, Janne; Harris, Anette; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Waage, Siri; Skene, Debra J.; Pallesen, Ståle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Use of blue-enriched light has received increasing interest regarding its activating and performance sustaining effects. However, studies assessing effects of such light during night work are few, and novel strategies for ...
    • A Brief Report on a Reduced Preference for Passive-Avoidant Leadership After a Restless Night 

      Nordmo, Morten; Olsen, Olav Kjellevold; Rosseland, Ragna; Blågestad, Tone Fidje; Pallesen, Ståle (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-10-02)
      The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of fragmented sleep on followers’ leadership preferences. In a counterbalanced experimental study involving 39 followers, changes in leadership preferences were recorded ...
    • Causes and management of sleepiness among pilots in a Norwegian and an Austrian air ambulance service—a comparative study 

      Zakariassen, Erik; Waage, Siri; Harris, Anette; Gatterbauer-Trischler, Pia; Lang, Bernd; Voelckel, Wolfgang Georg Cornelius; Pallesen, Ståle; Bjorvatn, Bjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-01)
      Objective We compared subjectively reported sleepiness and fatigue as well as causes and management strategies for combating sleepiness among pilots working in 2 different helicopter emergency medical services operating ...