• Along‐stream, seasonal, and interannual variability of the North Icelandic Irminger Current and East Icelandic Current around Iceland 

      Casanova-Masjoan, M; Perez-Hernandez, MD; Pickart, Robert S.; Valdimarsson, Héðinn; Ólafsdóttir, SR; Macrander, Andreas; Grisolía-Santos, D; Torres, Daniel J.; Jónsson, Steingrímur; Våge, Kjetil; Lin, Peigen; Hernández-Guerra, A (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Data from repeat hydrographic surveys over the 25-year period 1993 to 2017, together with satellite altimetry data, are used to quantify the temporal and spatial variability of the North Icelandic Irminger Current (NIIC), ...
    • Characteristics and Transformation of Pacific Winter Water on the Chukchi Sea Shelf in Late Spring 

      Pacini, Astrid; Moore, George William Kent; Pickart, Robert S.; Nobre, Carolina; Bahr, Frank; Våge, Kjetil; Arrigo, Kevin R. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Data from a late spring survey of the northeast Chukchi Sea are used to investigate various aspects of newly ventilated winter water (NVWW). More than 96% of the water sampled on the shelf was NVWW, the saltiest (densest) ...
    • Decreasing intensity of open-ocean convection in the Greenland and Iceland seas 

      Moore, George William Kent; Våge, Kjetil; Pickart, Robert S.; Renfrew, Ian A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      The air–sea transfer of heat and fresh water plays a critical role in the global climate system1. This is particularly true for the Greenland and Iceland seas, where these fluxes drive ocean convection that contributes to ...
    • The Emergence of the North Icelandic Jet and Its Evolution from Northeast Iceland to Denmark Strait 

      Semper, Stefanie; Våge, Kjetil; Pickart, Robert S.; Valdimarsson, Hedinn; Torres, Daniel J.; Jónsson, Steingrímur (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The North Icelandic Jet (NIJ) is an important source of dense water to the overflow plume passing through Denmark Strait. The properties, structure, and transport of the NIJ are investigated for the first time along its ...
    • An evaluation of surface meteorology and fluxes over the Iceland and Greenland Seas in ERA5 reanalysis: The impact of sea ice distribution 

      Renfrew, Ian A.; Barrell, C.; Elvidge, A.D.; Brooke, J.K.; Duscha, Christiane; King, J.C.; Kristiansen, Jørn; Cope, T. Lachlan; Moore, George William Kent; Pickart, Robert S.; Reuder, Joachim; Sandu, I.; Sergeev, Denis; Terpstra, Annick; Våge, Kjetil; Weiss, A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Iceland and Greenland Seas are a crucial region for the climate system, being the headwaters of the lower limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Investigating the atmosphere–ocean–ice processes in ...
    • The Iceland-Faroe Slope Jet: a conduit for dense water toward the Faroe Bank Channel overflow 

      Semper, Stefanie; Pickart, Robert S.; Våge, Kjetil; Larsen, Karin Margretha H.; Hátún, Hjálmar; Hansen, Bogi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Dense water from the Nordic Seas passes through the Faroe Bank Channel and supplies the lower limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, a critical component of the climate system. Yet, the upstream pathways ...
    • Sources and upstream pathways of the densest overflow water in the Nordic Seas 

      Huang, Jie; Pickart, Robert S.; Huang, Rui Xin; Lin, Peigen; Brakstad, Ailin; Xu, Fanghua (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Overflow water from the Nordic Seas comprises the deepest limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, yet questions remain as to where it is ventilated and how it reaches the Greenland-Scotland Ridge. Here we ...
    • Upstream sources of the Denmark Strait Overflow: Observations from a high-resolution mooring array 

      Harden, Benjamin E.; Pickart, Robert S.; Valdimarsson, Héðinn; Våge, Kjetil; de Steur, Laura; Richards, Clark; Bahr, Frank; Torres, Dan; Børve, Eli; Jónsson, Steingrímur; Macrander, Andreas; Østerhus, Svein; Håvik, Lisbeth; Hattermann, Tore (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We present the first results from a densely instrumented mooring array upstream of the Denmark Strait sill, extending from the Iceland shelfbreak to the Greenland shelf. The array was deployed from September 2011 to July ...