• Dissecting Public Opinion on Regional Authority: Four Types of Regionalists Based on Citizens’ Preferences for Self-Rule and Shared Rule 

      Schakel, Arjan Hille; Brown, A. J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Although regional governments play vital roles in most political systems, citizens’ perceptions regarding regional authority are only rarely studied. Relying on the International Constitutional Values Survey held among ...
    • Horizontal and vertical spill-over in multilevel electoral systems 

      Schakel, Arjan Hille; Romanova, Valentyna (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      A multilevel electoral system perspective reveals several ways in which electoral spill-over may occur. Vertical spill-over may be top-down from the national to the regional level or can be bottom-up from the regional to ...
    • The international diffusion of expatriate dual citizenship 

      Vink, Maarten; Schakel, Arjan Hille; Reichel, David; Chun Luk, Ngo; de Groot, Gerard-René (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-05-13)
      While the global increase of expatriate dual citizenship acceptance over the past decades has been widely observed, the temporal and spatial contexts of this trend have remained understudied. Based on a novel data set of ...
    • Multi-level governance in a “Europe with the regions”. 

      Schakel, Arjan Hille (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-08)
      The concept of multilevel governance was introduced to reveal the impact of regions on European Union (EU) policy making in Brussels. In this contribution, I show that multilevel governance also exposes regional involvement ...
    • Regional spillover into third-order European elections 

      Schakel, Arjan Hille (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Second-order election research clearly reveals that national incumbency impacts on European election outcomes but despite the increasing importance of regions few studies explore the impact of regional politics. I theorize ...
    • Unravelling the ‘devolution paradox’: Citizen preferences for self-rule and for shared rule 

      Schakel, Arjan Hille; Smith, Rodney (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Recent survey research has revealed a ‘devolution paradox’: some citizens who favour stronger regional governments inconsistently desire policy uniformity across regions and state-wide intervention in policy provision. It ...