• The international diffusion of expatriate dual citizenship 

      Vink, Maarten; Schakel, Arjan Hille; Reichel, David; Chun Luk, Ngo; de Groot, Gerard-René (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-05-13)
      While the global increase of expatriate dual citizenship acceptance over the past decades has been widely observed, the temporal and spatial contexts of this trend have remained understudied. Based on a novel data set of ...
    • Multi-level governance in a “Europe with the regions”. 

      Schakel, Arjan Hille (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-08)
      The concept of multilevel governance was introduced to reveal the impact of regions on European Union (EU) policy making in Brussels. In this contribution, I show that multilevel governance also exposes regional involvement ...
    • Regional spillover into third-order European elections 

      Schakel, Arjan Hille (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Second-order election research clearly reveals that national incumbency impacts on European election outcomes but despite the increasing importance of regions few studies explore the impact of regional politics. I theorize ...