• Evaluating the biological pump efficiency of the Last Glacial Maximum ocean using δ13C 

      Morée, Anne; Schwinger, Jörg; Ninnemann, Ulysses S; Jeltsch-Thommes, Aurich; Bethke, Ingo; Heinze, Christoph (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Although both physical and biological marine changes are required to explain the 100 ppm lower atmospheric pCO2 of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, ∼21 ka) as compared to preindustrial (PI) times, their exact contributions ...
    • The global carbon budget 1959–2011 

      Le Quéré, Corinne; Andres, Robert J.; Boden, Tom A.; Conway, Thomas; Houghton, Richard A.; House, Jo I.; Marland, Gregg; Peters, Glen Philip; van der Werf, Guido R.; Ahlström, Anders; Andrew, Robbie; Bopp, Laurent; Canadell, Josep G.; Ciais, Philippe; Doney, Scott C.; Enright, Clare; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Huntingford, Chris; Jain, Atul K.; Jourdain, Charlotte; Kato, Etushi; Keeling, Ralph F.; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Levis, Samuel; Levy, Peter; Lomas, Mark R.; Poulter, Ben; Raupach, Michael R.; Schwinger, Jörg; Sitch, Stephen; Stocker, Benjamin D.; Viovy, Nicolas; Zaehle, Sönke; Zeng, Ning (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-05-08)
      Accurate assessments of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the ...
    • Global carbon budget 2013 

      Le Quéré, Corinne; Peters, Glen Philip; Andres, Robert J.; Andrew, Robbie; Boden, Thomas A.; Ciais, Philippe; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Houghton, Richard A.; Marland, Gregg; Moriarty, Roisin; Sitch, Stephen; Tans, Pieter; Arneth, Almut; Arvanitis, Athanasios; Bakker, Dorothée C.E.; Bopp, Laurent; Canadell, Josep G.; Chini, Louise P.; Doney, Scott C.; Harper, Anna B.; Harris, Ian C.; House, Joanna I.; Jain, Atul K.; Jones, Samantha D.; Kato, Etsushi; Keeling, Ralph F.; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Körtzinger, Arne; Koven, Charles D.; Lefévre, Nathalie; Maignan, Fabienne; Omar, Abdirahman; Ono, Tsuneo; Park, Geun-Ha; Pfeil, Benjamin; Poulter, Benjamin; Raupach, Michael R.; Regnier, Pierre; Rödenbeck, Christian; Saito, Shu; Schwinger, Jörg; Segschneider, Joachim; Stocker, Benjamin D.; Takahashi, Taro; Tilbrook, Bronte; van Heuven, Steven; Viovy, Nicolas; Wanninkhof, Rik; Wiltshire, Andrew J.; Zaehle, Sönke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-06-17)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the ...
    • Global carbon budget 2014 

      Le Quéré, Corinne; Moriarty, Roisin; Andrew, Robbie; Peters, Glen Philip; Ciais, Philippe; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jones, Samantha D.; Sitch, Stephen; Tans, Pieter; Arneth, Almut; Boden, Thomas A.; Bopp, Laurent; Bozec, Yann; Canadell, Josep G.; Chini, Louise P.; Chevallier, Frédéric; Cosca, Cathrine E.; Harris, Ian C.; Hoppema, Mario; Houghton, Richard A.; House, Joanna I.; Jain, Atul K.; Johannessen, Truls; Kato, Etsushi; Keeling, Ralph F.; Kitidis, Vassilis; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Koven, Charles D.; Landa, Camilla Stegen; Landschützer, Peter; Lenton, Andrew; Lima, Ivan D.; Marland, Gregg; Mathis, Jeremy T.; Metzl, Nicolas; Nojiri, Yukihiro; Olsen, Are; Ono, Tsuneo; Peng, Shushi; Peters, Wouter; Pfeil, Benjamin; Poulter, Benjamin; Raupach, Michael R.; Regnier, Pierre; Rödenbeck, Christian; Saito, Shu; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Schuster, Ute; Schwinger, Jörg; Séférian, Roland; Segschneider, Joachim; Steinhoff, Tobias; Stocker, Benjamin D.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Takahashi, Taro; Tilbrook, Bronte; van der Werf, Guido R.; Viovy, Nicolas; Wang, Yingping; Wanninkhof, Rik; Wiltshire, Andrew J.; Zeng, Ning (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-05-08)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the ...
    • Global Carbon Budget 2015 

      Le Quéré, Corinne; Moriarty, Roisin; Andrew, Robbie; Canadell, Josep G.; Sitch, Stephen; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Peters, Glen Philip; Andres, Robert J.; Boden, Thomas A.; Houghton, Richard A.; House, Joanna I.; Keeling, Ralph F.; Tans, Pieter; Arneth, Almut; Bakker, Dorothée C.E.; Barbero, Leticia; Bopp, Laurent; Chang, Joseph; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise P.; Ciais, Philippe; Fader, Marianela; Feely, Richard A.; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Harris, Ian; Hauck, Judith; Ilyina, Tatiana; Jain, Atul K.; Kato, Etsushi; Kitidis, Vassilis; Goldewijk, K. Klein; Koven, Charles Dunbar; Landschützer, Peter; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefévre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lima, Ivan D.; Metzl, Nicolas; Millero, Frank; Munro, David R.; Murata, Aki; Nabel, Julia E.M.S.; Nakaoka, Shinichirou; Nojiri, Yukihiro; O'Brien, Kevin; Olsen, Are; Ono, Tsuneo; Pérez, Fiz Fernández; Pfeil, Benjamin; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Benjamin; Rehder, Gregor; Rödenbeck, Christian; Saito, Shu; Schuster, Ute; Schwinger, Jörg; Séférian, Roland; Steinhoff, Tobias; Stocker, Benjamin D.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Takahashi, Taro; Tilbrook, Bronte; van der Laan-Luijkx, Ingrid Theodora; van der Werf, Guido R.; van Heuven, Steven; Vandemark, Douglas; Viovy, Nicolas; Wiltshire, Andy; Zaehle, Sönke; Zeng, Ning (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-12-07)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the ...
    • Global Carbon Budget 2016 

      Le Quéré, Corinne; Andrew, Robbie; Canadell, Josep G.; Sitch, Stephen; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Peters, Glen Philip; Manning, Andrew C; Boden, Thomas A; Tans, Pieter P; Houghton, Richard A; Keeling, Ralph F; Alin, Simone; Andrews, Oliver D; Anthoni, Peter; Barbero, Leticia; Bopp, Laurent; Chevallier, Frederic; Chini, Louise P; Ciais, Philippe; Currie, Kim; Delire, Christine; Doney, Scott C; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Harris, Ian; Hauck, Judith; Haverd, Vanessa; Hoppema, Mario; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Jain, Atul K; Kato, Etsushi; Körtzinger, Arne; Landschutzer, Peter; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Lombardozzi, Danica; Melton, Joe R; Metzl, Nicolas; Millero, Frank; Monteiro, Pedro M S; Munro, David R; Nabel, Julia E M S; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; O'Brien, Kevin; Olsen, Are; Omar, Abdirahman; Pierrot, Denis; Ono, Tsuneo; Poulter, Benjamin; Rödenbeck, Christian; Salisbury, Joe; Schuster, Ute; Schwinger, Jörg; Seferian, Roland; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Stocker, Benjamin D; Sutton, Adrienne J; Takahashi, Taro; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; Van Der Laan-Luijkx, Ingrid T; Van Der Werf, Guido R; Viovy, Nicolas; Walker, Anthony P; Wiltshire, Andrew J; Zaehle, Sönke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-11-14)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere – the “global carbon budget” – is important to better understand the global ...
    • Global carbon budget 2019 

      Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jones, Matthew W.; O'Sullivan, Michael; Andrew, Robbie; Hauck, Judith; Peters, Glen Philip; Peters, Wouter; Pongratz, Julia; Sitch, Stephen; Le Quéré, Corinne; Bakker, Dorothée C.E.; Canadell, Josep G.; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Anthoni, Peter; Barbero, Leticia; Bastos, Ana; Bastrikov, Vladislav; Becker, Meike; Bopp, Laurent; Buitenhuis, Erik; Chandra, Naveen; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise P.; Currie, Kim I.; Feely, Richard A.; Gehlen, Marion; Gilfillan, Dennis; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Goll, Daniel S.; Gruber, Nicolas; Gutekunst, Sören; Harris, Ian; Haverd, Vanessa; Houghton, Richard A.; Hurtt, George; Ilyina, Tatiana; Jain, Atul K.; Joetzjer, Emilie; Kaplan, Jed O.; Kato, Etsushi; Goldewijk, Kees Klein; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Landschutzer, Peter; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Lombardozzi, Danica; Marland, Gregg; McGuire, Patrick C.; Melton, Joe R.; Metzl, Nicolas; Munro, David R.; Nabel, Julia E.M.S.; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; Neill, Craig; Omar, Abdirahman; Ono, Tsuneo; Peregon, Anna; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Benjamin; Rehder, Gregor; Resplandy, Laure; Robertson, Eddy; Rödenbeck, Christian; Séférian, Roland; Schwinger, Jörg; Smith, Naomi; Tans, Pieter P.; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; Tubiello, Francesco N.; van der Werf, Guido R.; Wiltshire, Andrew J.; Zaehle, Sönke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-04)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere – the “global carbon budget” – is important to better understand the global ...
    • Global Carbon Budget 2020 

      Friedlingstein, Pierre; O'Sullivan, Michael; Jones, Matthew W.; Andrew, Robbie; Hauck, Judith; Olsen, Are; Peters, Glen Philip; Peters, Wouter; Pongratz, Julia; Sitch, Stephen; Le Quéré, Corinne; Canadell, Josep G.; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Alin, Simone; Aragão, Luiz E.O.C.; Arneth, Almut; Arora, Vivek K.; Bates, Nicholas R.; Becker, Meike; Benoit-Cattin, Alice; Bittig, Henry C.; Bopp, Laurent; Bultan, Selma; Chandra, Naveen; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise P.; Evans, Wiley; Florentie, Liesbeth; Forster, Piers M.; Gasser, Thomas; Gehlen, Marion; Gilfillan, Dennis; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Gregor, Luke; Gruber, Nicolas; Harris, Ian; Hartung, Kerstin; Haverd, Vanessa; Houghton, Richard A.; Ilyina, Tatiana; Jain, Atul K.; Joetzjer, Emilie; Kadono, Koji; Kato, Etsushi; Kitidis, Vassilis; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Landschützer, Peter; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Liu, Zhu; Lombardozzi, Danica; Marland, Gregg; Metzl, Nicolas; Munro, David; Nabel, Julia E.M.S.; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; Niwa, Yosuke; O'Brien, Kevin M.; Ono, Tsuneo; Palmer, Paul I.; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Ben; Resplandy, Laure; Robertson, Eddy; Rödenbeck, Christian; Schwinger, Jörg; Séférian, Roland; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Smith, Adam J.P.; Sutton, Adrienne; Tanhua, Toste; Tans, Pieter P.; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; Van Der Werf, Guido; Vuichard, Nicolas; Walker, Anthony P.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Watson, Andrew; Willis, David; Wiltshire, Andy; Yuan, Wenping; Yue, Xu; Zaehle, Sönke (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere in a changing climate – the “global carbon budget” – is important to better ...
    • A Last Glacial Maximum forcing dataset for ocean modelling 

      Morée, Anne; Schwinger, Jörg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Model simulations of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; ∼ 21 000 years before present) can aid the interpretation of proxy records, can help to gain an improved mechanistic understanding of the LGM climate system, and are ...
    • Ocean biogeochemistry in the Norwegian Earth System Model version 2 (NorESM2) 

      Tjiputra, Jerry; Schwinger, Jörg; Bentsen, Mats; Morée, Anne; Gao, Shuang; Bethke, Ingo; Heinze, Christoph; Goris, Nadine; Gupta, Alok Kumar; He, Yan-Chun; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Seland, Øyvind; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The ocean carbon cycle is a key player in the climate system through its role in regulating the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and other processes that alter the Earth's radiative balance. In the second version ...
    • Overview of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) and key climate response of CMIP6 DECK, historical, and scenario simulations 

      Seland, Øyvind; Bentsen, Mats; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Toniazzo, Thomas; Gjermundsen, Ada; Graff, Lise Seland; Debernard, Jens Boldingh; Gupta, Alok Kumar; He, Yan-Chun; Kirkevåg, Alf; Schwinger, Jörg; Tjiputra, Jerry; Aas, Kjetil Schanke; Bethke, Ingo; Fan, Yuanchao; Griesfeller, Jan; Grini, Alf; Guo, Chuncheng; Ilicak, Mehmet; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Landgren, Oskar Andreas; Liakka, Johan; Moseid, Kine Onsum; Nummelin, Aleksi; Spensberger, Clemens; Tang, Hui; Zhang, Zhongshi; Heinze, Christoph; Iversen, Trond; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      The second version of the coupled Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) is presented and evaluated. NorESM2 is based on the second version of the Community Earth System Model (CESM2) and shares with CESM2 the computer ...
    • The response of permafrost and high latitude ecosystems under large scale stratospheric aerosol injection and its termination 

      Lee, Hanna; Ekici, Altug; Tjiputra, Jerry; Muri, Helene; Chadburn, Sarah E.; Lawrence, David M.; Schwinger, Jörg (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-04-15)
      Climate engineering arises as one of the potential methods that could contribute to meeting the 1.5oC global warming target agreed under the Paris Agreement. We examine how permafrost and high latitude vegetation respond ...
    • Southern Ocean controls of the vertical marine δ13C gradient – a modelling study 

      Morée, Anne; Schwinger, Jörg; Heinze, Christoph (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-12-04)
      δ 13 C, the standardised 13C/12C ratio expressed in per mille, is a widely used ocean tracer to study changes in ocean circulation, water mass ventilation, atmospheric pCO2, and the biological carbon pump on timescales ...