• Large changes in sea ice triggered by small changes in Atlantic water temperature 

      Jensen, Mari Fjalstad; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Spall, Michael A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-06)
      The sensitivity of sea ice to the temperature of inflowing Atlantic water across the Greenland–Scotland Ridge is investigated using an eddy-resolving configuration of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology General ...
    • Ocean convection linked to the recent ice edge retreat along east Greenland 

      Våge, Kjetil; Papritz, Lukas; Håvik, Lisbeth; Spall, Michael A.; Moore, George William Kent (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-03-29)
      Warm subtropical-origin Atlantic water flows northward across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge into the Nordic Seas, where it relinquishes heat to the atmosphere and gradually transforms into dense Atlantic-origin water. ...
    • On the Dynamics and Water Mass Transformation of a Boundary Current Connecting Alpha and Beta Oceans 

      Lambert, Erwin; Eldevik, Tor; Spall, Michael A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-10-19)
      A subpolar marginal sea, like the Nordic seas, is a transition zone between the temperature-stratified subtropics (the alpha ocean) and the salinity-stratified polar regions (the beta ocean). An inflow of Atlantic Water ...
    • On the effect of a sill on dense water formation in a marginal sea 

      Doroteaciro, Iovino; Fiammetta, Straneo; Spall, Michael A. (Journal article, 2008-05)
      The properties of water mass transformation in a semi-enclosed basin, separated from the open ocean by a sill and subject to surface cooling, are analyzed both theoretically and numerically using an ocean general circulation ...
    • Structure and Forcing of Observed Exchanges across the Greenland–Scotland Ridge 

      Bringedal, Carina; Eldevik, Tor; Skagseth, Øystein; Spall, Michael A.; Østerhus, Svein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      The Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and associated poleward heat transport are balanced by northern heat loss to the atmosphere and corresponding water-mass transformation. The circulation of northward-flowing ...