• Association between leptin levels and severity of suicidal behaviour in schizophrenia spectrum disorders 

      Gohar, Sherif Mostafa Mohamed Ahmed; Dieset, Ingrid; Steen, Nils Eiel; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Vedal, Trude Seselie Jahr; Reponen, Elina Johanna; Steen, Vidar Martin; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Melle, Ingrid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-03-08)
      Objective: Associations between suicidality and lipid dysregulation are documented in mental illness, but the potential role of leptin remains unclear. We examined the association between leptin and suicidal behaviour in ...
    • Association between serum lipid levels, osteoprotegerin and depressive symptomatology in psychotic disorders. 

      Gohar, Sherif Mostafa Mohamed Ahmed; Dieset, Ingrid; Steen, Nils Eiel; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Iversen, Trude Seselie Jahr; Steen, Vidar Martin; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Melle, Ingrid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-05-02)
      Although the relationship between positive and negative symptoms of psychosis and dyslipidemia has been thoroughly investigated in recent studies, the potential link between depression and lipid status is still under-investigated. ...
    • Atherogenic Lipid Ratios Related to Myeloperoxidase and C-Reactive Protein Levels in Psychotic Disorders 

      Reponen, Elina Johanna; Dieset, Ingrid; Tesli, Martin Steen; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Aas, Monica; Vedal, Trude Seselie Jahr; Haug, Elisabeth; Drange, Ole Kristian; Steen, Nils Eiel; Hope, Sigrun; Szabo, Attila; Gohar, Sherif Mostafa Mohamed Ahmed; Wedervang-Resell, Kirsten; Djurovic, Srdjan; Melle, Ingrid; Aukrust, Pål; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Ueland, Thor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of premature death in patients with psychotic disorders, where dyslipidemia occurs frequently. In the pathogenesis of these serious mental disorders, a low-grade ...
    • Attenuated Notch signaling in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder 

      Hoseth, Eva Zsuzsanna; Krull, Florian; Dieset, Ingrid; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Hope, Sigrun; Gardsjord, Erlend Strand; Steen, Nils Eiel; Melle, Ingrid; Brattbakk, Hans-Richard; Steen, Vidar Martin; Aukrust, Pål; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-03-28)
      The Notch signaling pathway plays a crucial role in neurodevelopment and in adult brain homeostasis. We aimed to further investigate Notch pathway activity in bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SCZ) by conducting a ...
    • Characterising the shared genetic determinants of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and risk-taking 

      Hindley, Guy Frederick Lanyon; Bahrami, Shahram; Steen, Nils Eiel; O'Connell, Kevin Sean; Frei, Oleksandr; Shadrin, Alexey; Bettella, Francesco; Rødevand, Linn; Fan, Chun-Chieh; Dale, Anders; Djurovic, Srdjan; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Andreassen, Ole (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Increased risk-taking is a central component of bipolar disorder (BIP) and is implicated in schizophrenia (SCZ). Risky behaviours, including smoking and alcohol use, are overrepresented in both disorders and associated ...
    • Characterizing the Genetic Overlap Between Psychiatric Disorders and Sleep-Related Phenotypes 

      O'Connell, Kevin Sean; Frei, Oleksandr; Bahrami, Shahram; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Bettella, Francesco; Cheng, Weiqiu; Chu, Yunhan; Hindley, Guy; Lin, Aihua; Shadrin, Alexey; Barrett, Elizabeth Ann; Lagerberg, Trine Vik; Steen, Nils Eiel; Dale, Anders M.; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: A range of sleep disturbances are commonly experienced by patients with psychiatric disorders, and genome-wide genetic analyses have shown some significant genetic correlations between these traits. Here, we ...
    • Decreased IL-1β-induced CCL20 response in human iPSC-astrocytes in schizophrenia: Potential attenuating effects on recruitment of regulatory T cells 

      Akkouh, Ibrahim; Ueland, Thor; Hansson, Lars; Inderhaug, Elin; Hughes, Timothy; Steen, Nils Eiel; Aukrust, Pål; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Szabo, Attila; Djurovic, Srdjan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a severe mental disorder with a high heritability. Although its pathophysiology is mainly unknown, dysregulated immune activation and inflammation have recently emerged as possible candidates in the ...
    • Dose-dependent transcriptional effects of lithium and adverse effect burden in a psychiatric cohort 

      Krull, Florian; Akkouh, Ibrahim Ahmed; Hughes, Timothy; Bettella, Francesco; Athanasiu, Lavinia; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; O'Connell, Kevin Sean; Brattbakk, Hans-Richard; Steen, Vidar Martin; Steen, Nils Eiel; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Lithium is the first-line treatment for bipolar disorder (BD), but there is a large variation in response rate and adverse effects. Although the molecular effects of lithium have been studied extensively, the specific ...
    • Evidence for Reduced Long-Term Potentiation-Like Visual Cortical Plasticity in Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder 

      Valstad, Mathias; Roelfs, Daniel; Slapø, Nora Berz; Timpe, Clara Marie Fides; Rai, Ahsan; Matziorinis, Anna Maria; Beck, Dani; Richard, Geneviève; Sæther, Linn Sofie; Haatveit, Beathe; Nordvik, Jan Egil; Hatlestad-Hall, Christoffer; Einevoll, Gaute T.; Mäki-Marttunen, Tuomo; Haram, Marit; Ueland, Torill; Lagerberg, Trine V.; Steen, Nils Eiel; Melle, Ingrid; Westlye, Lars T.; Jönsson, Erik Gunnar; Andreassen, Ole A.; Moberget, Torgeir; Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Several lines of research suggest that impairments in long-term potentiation (LTP)-like synaptic plasticity might be a key pathophysiological mechanism in schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder type I (BDI) and II (BDII). ...
    • Exploring the Wnt signaling pathway in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder 

      Hoseth, Eva Zsuzsanna; Krull, Florian; Dieset, Ingrid; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Hope, Sigrun; Gardsjord, Erlend Strand; Steen, Nils Eiel; Melle, Ingrid; Brattbakk, Hans-Richard; Steen, Vidar Martin; Aukrust, Pål; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      The Wnt signaling pathway plays a crucial role in neurodevelopment and in regulating the function and structure of the adult nervous system. Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are severe mental disorders with ...
    • Extensive bidirectional genetic overlap between bipolar disorder and cardiovascular disease phenotypes 

      Rødevand, Linn; Bahrami, Shahram; Frei, Oleksandr; Chu, Yunhan; Shadrin, Alexey A.; O'Connell, Kevin S.; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn; Hindley, Guy Frederick Lanyon; Djurovic, Srdjan; Dale, Anders; Lagerberg, Trine Vik; Steen, Nils Eiel; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Patients with bipolar disorder (BIP) have a high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), despite considerable individual variation. The mechanisms underlying comorbid CVD in BIP remain largely unknown. We investigated polygenic ...
    • Genome-wide analysis reveals extensive genetic overlap between schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and intelligence 

      Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Bahrami, Shahram; Frei, Oleksandr; Shadrin, Alexey A.; O'Connell, Kevin; Savage, Jeanne E.; Watanabe, Kyoko; Krull, Florian; Bettella, Francesco; Steen, Nils Eiel; Ueland, Torill; Posthuma, Danielle; Djurovic, Srdjan; Dale, Anders; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are severe mental disorders associated with cognitive impairment, which is considered a major determinant of functional outcome. Despite this, the etiology of the cognitive ...
    • Genome-wide analysis reveals genetic overlap between alcohol use behaviours, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and identifies novel shared risk loci 

      Wiström, Erik David; O'Connell, Kevin Sean; Karadag, Naz; Bahrami, Shahram; Hindley, Guy Frederick Lanyon; Lin, Aihua; Cheng, Weiqiu; Steen, Nils Eiel; Shadrin, Alexey; Frei, Oleksandr; Djurovic, Srdjan; Dale, Anders M.; Andreassen, Ole A.; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background and aim Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) have a high comorbidity of alcohol use disorder (AUD), and both comorbid AUD and excessive alcohol consumption (AC) have been linked to greater illness ...
    • Genome-wide Association Analysis of Parkinson’s Disease and Schizophrenia Reveals Shared Genetic Architecture and Identifies Novel Risk Loci 

      Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Shadrin, Alexey A.; Bahrami, Shahram; Broce, Iris J.; Tesli, Martin Steen; Frei, Oleksandr; Wirgenes, Katrine Verena; O`Connell, Kevin; Krull, Florian; Bettella, Francesco; Steen, Nils Eiel; Sugrue, Leo P.; Wang, Yunpeng; Svenningsson, Per; Sharma, Manu; Pihlstrøm, Lasse; Toft, H. Mathias S.; O’Donovan, Michael; Djurovic, Srdjan; Desikan, Rahul S; Dale, Anders M.; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) and schizophrenia (SCZ) are heritable brain disorders that involve dysregulation of the dopaminergic system. Epidemiological studies have reported potential comorbidity between the ...
    • Identification of Genetic Loci Shared Between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Intelligence, and Educational Attainment 

      O`Connell, Kevin; Shadrin, Alexey A.; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Bahrami, Shahram; Frei, Oleksandr; Bettella, Francesco; Krull, Florian; Fan, Chun C.; Askeland, Ragna Bugge; Knudsen, Gun Peggy Strømstad; Halmøy, Anne; Steen, Nils Eiel; Ueland, Torill; Walters, Bragi; Davíðsdóttir, Katrín; Haraldsdóttir, Gyda S.; Guðmundsson, Ólafur; Stefansson, Hreinn; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted; Haavik, Jan; Dale, Anders M.; Stefánsson, Kári; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is consistently associated with lower levels of educational attainment. A recent large genome-wide association study identified ...
    • Identification of genetic overlap and novel risk loci for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and bipolar disorder 

      O`Connell, Kevin; Shadrin, Alexey A.; Bahrami, Shahram; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Bettella, Francesco; Frei, Oleksandr; Krull, Florian; Askeland, Ragna Bugge; Walters, Bragi; Davíðsdóttir, Katrín; Haraldsdóttir, Gyða; Guðmundsson, Ólafur; Stefánsson, Hreinn; Fan, Chun C.; Steen, Nils Eiel; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted; Dale, Anders; Stefánsson, Kári; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Differential diagnosis between childhood onset attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and bipolar disorder (BD) remains a challenge, mainly due to overlapping symptoms and high rates of comorbidity. Despite this, ...
    • Improvement in verbal learning over the first year of antipsychotic treatment is associated with serum HDL levels in a cohort of first episode psychosis patients 

      Gjerde, Priyanthi Borgen; Simonsen, Carmen Elisabeth; Lagerberg, Trine Vik; Steen, Nils Eiel; Ueland, Torill; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Steen, Vidar Martin; Melle, Ingrid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-04-27)
      To investigate whether changes in serum lipids are associated with cognitive performance in first episode psychosis (FEP) patients during their first year of antipsychotic drug treatment. One hundred and thirty-two ...
    • Increased circulating IL-18 levels in severe mental disorders indicate systemic inflammasome activation 

      Szabo, Attila; O'Connell, Kevin Sean; Ueland, Thor; Sheikh, Mashhood Ahmed; Agartz, Ingrid; Andreou, Dimitrios; Aukrust, Pål; Boye, Birgitte; Bøen, Erlend; Drange, Ole Kristian; Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn; Engh, John; Hope, Sigrun; Høegh, Margrethe Collier; Joa, Inge; Johnsen, Erik; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Lagerberg, Trine Vik; Lekva, Tove; Malt, Ulrik Fredrik; Melle, Ingrid; Morken, Gunnar; Nærland, Terje; Steen, Vidar Martin; Sørensen, Kjetil; Wedervang-Resell, Kirsten; Weibell, Melissa Anne Elin Authen; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Steen, Nils Eiel; Andreassen, Ole; Djurovic, Srdjan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are severe mental illnesses (SMI) that are part of a psychosis continuum, and dysregulated innate immune responses have been suggested to be involved in their ...
    • Indicated association between polygenic risk score and treatment-resistance in a naturalistic sample of patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders 

      Werner, Maren Caroline Frogner; Wirgenes, Katrine Verena; Haram, Marit; Bettella, Francesco; Lunding, Synve Hoffart; Rødevand, Linn Nilsen; Hjell, Gabriela; Agartz, Ingrid; Djurovic, Srdjan; Melle, Ingrid; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Steen, Nils Eiel (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background One third of people diagnosed with schizophrenia fail to respond adequately to antipsychotic medication, resulting in persisting disabling symptoms, higher rates of hospitalization and higher costs for society. ...
    • Lithium increases mitochondrial respiration in iPSC-derived neural precursor cells from lithium responders 

      Osete, Jordi Requena; Akkouh, Ibrahim; Reis de Assis, Denis; Szabo, Attila; Frei, Evgeniia; Hughes, Timothy; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Steen, Nils Eiel; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Djurovic, Srdjan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Lithium (Li), valproate (VPA) and lamotrigine (LTG) are commonly used to treat bipolar disorder (BD). While their clinical efficacy is well established, the mechanisms of action at the molecular level are still incompletely ...