• 25-hydroxy-vitamin D concentration is not affected by severe or non-severe pneumonia, or inflammation, in young children 

      Haugen, Johanne; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Ulak, Manjeswori; Mathisen, Maria; Basnet, Sudha; Brokstad, Karl Albert; Valentiner-Branth, Palle; Shrestha, Prakash S.; Strand, Tor A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01-17)
      Poor vitamin D status has been associated with increased risk and severity of respiratory tract infections. Whether or not inflammation and infection affects 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration is controversial ...
    • Agreement Between Mothers and Fieldworkers While Assessing Child Development Using Ages and Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition in Nepal 

      Shrestha, Merina; Schwinger, Catherine; Hysing, Mari; Chandyo, Ram K; Ulak, Manjeswori; Ranjitkar, Suman; Kvestad, Ingrid; Sharma, Shakun; Shrestha, Laxman; Strand, Tor A (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: The Ages and Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition (ASQ-3) is becoming a widely used developmental assessment tool. The ASQ-3 can be completed by the caregivers (referred to as “mail out”), or by trained personnel ...
    • The Association Between Heart Rate Variability and Neurocognitive and Socio-Emotional Development in Nepalese Infants 

      Ask, Torvald F.; Ranjitkar, Suman; Manjeswori, Ulak; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Hysing, Mari; Strand, Tor A; Kvestad, Ingrid; Shrestha, Laxman; Andreassen, Marita; Lugo, Ricardo Gregorio; Shilpakar, LB; Shrestha, Marina; Sütterlin, Stefan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-04-26)
      Background: Many young children in developing countries do not reach their developmental potential. Traditional methods for assessing developmental outcome are time consuming, thus, physiological measures that can contribute ...
    • Association of Maternal Plasma Total Cysteine and Growth among Infants in Nepal: A Cohort Study 

      Arora, Nikhil; Strand, Tor A; Chandyo, Ram K; Elshorbagy, Amany; Shrestha, Laxman; Ueland, Per Magne; Ulak, Manjeswori; Schwinger, Catherine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Cysteine is a semi-essential amino acid that has been positively associated with growth in children. However, transgenerational effects remain unclear. The aim of this analysis was to assess whether maternal plasma total ...
    • Association of Plasma Total Cysteine and Anthropometric Status in 6–30 Months Old Indian Children 

      Schwinger, Catherine; Chowdhury, Ranadip; Sharma, Shakun; Bhandari, Nita; Taneja, Sunita; Ueland, Per Magne; Strand, Tor A (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      High-quality protein has been associated with child growth; however, the role of the amino acid cysteine remains unclear. The aim was to measure the extent to which plasma total cysteine (tCys) concentration is associated ...
    • Associations between thyroid dysfunction and developmental status in children with excessive iodine status 

      Aakre, Inger; Strand, Tor A; Moubarek, Khalil; Barikmo, Ingrid; Henjum, Sigrun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-11-22)
      Background and objective: Adequate iodine status and normal thyroid hormone synthesis are important for optimal child development. In this study, we explored whether young children’s developmental status is associated with ...
    • Consumption of energy drinks among adolescents in Norway: a cross-sectional study 

      Degirmenci, Naim; Fossum, Ingrid Nesdal; Strand, Tor A; Vaktskjold, Arild; Holten-Andersen, Mads Nikolaj (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-12-19)
      Background: Energy drink (ED) consumption is increasing all over the world. We sought to describe the consumption of EDs among adolescents in Norway, and to explore the determinants of daily and high consumption. Methods: ...
    • Determinants of Cognitive Development in the Early Life of Children in Bhaktapur, Nepal 

      Ranjitkar, Suman; Hysing, Mari; Kvestad, Ingrid; Shrestha, Merina; Ulak, Manjeswori; Shilpakar, Jaya Shree; Sintakala, Roshan; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Shrestha, Laxman; Strand, Tor A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-06)
      Background: Children in low and middle income countries may have many risk factors for poor cognitive development, and are accordingly at a high risk of not reaching their developmental potential. Determinants for cognitive ...
    • Dietary diversity and child development in the far west of Nepal: A cohort study 

      Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L.; Shrestha, Merina; Fawzi, Wafaie W.; Pasqualino, Monica; Strand, Tor A; Kvestad, Ingrid; Hysing, Mari; Joshi, Neena; Lohani, Mahendra; Miller, Laurie C (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-03)
      Poverty adversely affects child development through multiple pathways in low- and middle-income countries. Relationships between diet and child development are poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to explore these ...
    • Earthquake exposure and post-traumatic stress among nepalese mothers after the 2015 earthquakes 

      Kvestad, Ingrid; Ranjitkar, Suman; Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram K.; Shrestha, Merina; Shrestha, Laxman P.; Strand, Tor A; Hysing, Mari (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-04-02)
      Introduction: Nepal suffered from major earthquakes in April 2015 resulting in great damage to the society. The objective of the current study is to describe the earthquake exposure, the impact on family’s daily life and ...
    • Effect of antenatal and infant micronutrient supplementation on middle childhood and early adolescent development outcomes in Tanzania 

      Sudfeld, Christopher R.; Manji, Karim P.; Darling, Anne Marie; Kisenge, Rodrick; Kvestad, Ingrid; Hysing, Mari; Belinger, David C.; Strand, Tor A; Duggan, Christopher P.; Fawzi, Wafaie W. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: There is growing evidence that nutritional interventions in the first 1000 days of life may influence long-term health and development outcomes. Few studies have examined the effect of maternal and infant ...
    • The effects of vitamin B12 supplementation in pregnancy and postpartum on growth and neurodevelopment in early childhood: Study Protocol for a Randomized Placebo Controlled Trial 

      Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Ulak, Manjeswori; Kvestad, Ingrid; Shrestha, Merina; Ranjitkar, Suman; Basnet, Sudha; Hysing, Mari; Shrestha, Laxman; Strand, Tor A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Introduction: Vitamin B12 is crucial for normal cell division and differentiation, and necessary for the development and myelination of the central nervous system. Pregnant mothers in resource poor settings are at risk for ...
    • Engagement in agriculture protects againstfood insecurity and malnutrition in peri-urban Nepal 

      Moucheraud, Corrina; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Henjum, Sigrun; Strand, Tor A; Ulak, Manjeswori; Fawzi, Wafaie W.; Locks, Lindsey; Webb, Patrick; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: Urbanization is occurring rapidly in many low- and middle-income countries, which may affect households’ livelihoods, diet, and food security and nutritional outcomes. Objective: The main objective of our study ...
    • The feasibility of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire for the assessment of child development in a community setting in Nepal 

      Shrestha, Merina; Strand, Tor A; Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram K.; Ranjitkar, Suman; Hysing, Mari; Shrestha, Laxman P.; Kvestad, Ingrid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: The Ages and Stages Questionnaire Third Edition (ASQ‐3) may be a feasible and cost‐effective tool to screen children's development in resource poor settings. We have assessed the feasibility of the ASQ‐3 “home ...
    • Iodine concentration in breastmilk and urine among lactating women of Bhaktapur, Nepal 

      Henjum, Sigrun; Malde, Marian Kjellevold; Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Shrestha, Prakash Sunder; Frøyland, Livar; Strydom, Emmerentia E.; Dhansay, Muhammed A.; Strand, Tor A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-04-28)
      Adequate iodine concentration in breastmilk (BMIC) is essential for optimal neonatal thyroid hormone synthesis and neurological development in breastfed infants. For many decades, iodine deficiency has been a public health ...
    • Low Prevalence of Vitamin D Insufficiency among Nepalese Infants Despite High Prevalence of Vitamin D Insufficiency among Their Mothers 

      Haugen, Johanne; Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Henjum, Sigrun; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew; Ueland, Per Magne; Midtun, Øivind; Shrestha, Prakash Sunder; Strand, Tor A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-12-21)
      Background: Describing vitamin D status and its predictors in various populations is important in order to target public health measures. Objectives: To describe the status and predictors of vitamin D status in healthy ...
    • Sex-related change in BMI of 15- to 16-year-old Norwegian girls in cross-sectional studies in 2002 and 2017 

      Bjertnæs, Asborg Sine Aanstad; Grundt, Jacob Holter; Juliusson, Petur Benedikt; Markestad, Trond Jacob; Strand, Tor A; Holten-Andersen, Mads Nikolaj (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-11-12)
      Background: The prevalence of overweight and obesity (OWOB) has stabilized in some countries, but a portion of children with high body mass index (BMI) may have become heavier. This study aimed to describe the distributions ...
    • Thyroid function among breastfed children with chronically excessive iodine intakes 

      Aakre, Inger; Strand, Tor A; Bjøro, Trine; Nordheim, Ingrid; Barikmo, Ingrid; Ares, Susana; Alcorta, Marta Duque; Henjum, Sigrun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-06-28)
      Iodine excess may impair thyroid function and trigger adverse health consequences for children. This study aims to describe iodine status among breastfed infants with high iodine exposure in the Saharawi refugee camps ...
    • Vitamin status among breastfed infants in Bhaktapur, Nepal 

      Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L.; Henjum, Sigrun; Ueland, Per Magne; Midttun, Øivind; Shrestha, Prakash S.; Fawzi, Wafaie W.; Graybill, Lauren; Strand, Tor A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-03-08)
      Vitamin deficiencies are known to be common among infants residing in low- and middle-income countries but relatively few studies have assessed several biochemical parameters simultaneously. The objective of the study was ...
    • Vitamin-D status and neurodevelopment and growth in young north Indian children: a secondary data analysis 

      Chowdhury, Ranadip; Taneja, Sunita; Bhandari, Nita; Kvestad, Ingrid; Strand, Tor A; Bhan, Maharaj Kishan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09-18)
      Background: Vitamin-D deficiency has been linked with impaired development in animal studies; however, the evidence from human studies is scanty. Evidence as to whether vitamin-D deficiency during early childhood affects ...