• 25-hydroxy-vitamin D concentration is not affected by severe or non-severe pneumonia, or inflammation, in young children 

      Haugen, Johanne; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Ulak, Manjeswori; Mathisen, Maria; Basnet, Sudha; Brokstad, Karl Albert; Valentiner-Branth, Palle; Shrestha, Prakash S.; Strand, Tor A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01-17)
      Poor vitamin D status has been associated with increased risk and severity of respiratory tract infections. Whether or not inflammation and infection affects 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration is controversial ...
    • Agreement Between Mothers and Fieldworkers While Assessing Child Development Using Ages and Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition in Nepal 

      Shrestha, Merina; Schwinger, Catherine; Hysing, Mari; Chandyo, Ram K; Ulak, Manjeswori; Ranjitkar, Suman; Kvestad, Ingrid; Sharma, Shakun; Shrestha, Laxman; Strand, Tor A (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: The Ages and Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition (ASQ-3) is becoming a widely used developmental assessment tool. The ASQ-3 can be completed by the caregivers (referred to as “mail out”), or by trained personnel ...
    • An analysis of clinical predictive values for radiographic pneumonia in children 

      Rees, Chris A; Basnet, Sudha; Gentile, Angela; Gessner, Bradford D; Kartasasmita, Cissy B.; Lucero, Marilla G.; Martinez, Luis Moreno; O'Grady, Kerry-Ann F; Ruvinsky, Raul O; Turner, Claudia; Campbell, Harry; Nair, Harish; Falconer, Jennifer; Williams, Linda J.; Horne, Margaret; Strand, Tor A; Nisar, Yasir B; Qazi, Shamim A; Neuman, Mark I (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Abstract Introduction Healthcare providers in resource-limited settings rely on the presence of tachypnoea and chest indrawing to establish a diagnosis of pneumonia in children. We aimed to determine the test characteristics ...
    • The Association Between Heart Rate Variability and Neurocognitive and Socio-Emotional Development in Nepalese Infants 

      Ask, Torvald F.; Ranjitkar, Suman; Manjeswori, Ulak; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Hysing, Mari; Strand, Tor A; Kvestad, Ingrid; Shrestha, Laxman; Andreassen, Marita; Lugo, Ricardo Gregorio; Shilpakar, LB; Shrestha, Marina; Sütterlin, Stefan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-04-26)
      Background: Many young children in developing countries do not reach their developmental potential. Traditional methods for assessing developmental outcome are time consuming, thus, physiological measures that can contribute ...
    • Association of Maternal Plasma Total Cysteine and Growth among Infants in Nepal: A Cohort Study 

      Arora, Nikhil; Strand, Tor A; Chandyo, Ram K; Elshorbagy, Amany; Shrestha, Laxman; Ueland, Per Magne; Ulak, Manjeswori; Schwinger, Catherine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Cysteine is a semi-essential amino acid that has been positively associated with growth in children. However, transgenerational effects remain unclear. The aim of this analysis was to assess whether maternal plasma total ...
    • Association of Plasma Total Cysteine and Anthropometric Status in 6–30 Months Old Indian Children 

      Schwinger, Catherine; Chowdhury, Ranadip; Sharma, Shakun; Bhandari, Nita; Taneja, Sunita; Ueland, Per Magne; Strand, Tor A (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      High-quality protein has been associated with child growth; however, the role of the amino acid cysteine remains unclear. The aim was to measure the extent to which plasma total cysteine (tCys) concentration is associated ...
    • Associations between thyroid dysfunction and developmental status in children with excessive iodine status 

      Aakre, Inger; Strand, Tor A; Moubarek, Khalil; Barikmo, Ingrid; Henjum, Sigrun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-11-22)
      Background and objective: Adequate iodine status and normal thyroid hormone synthesis are important for optimal child development. In this study, we explored whether young children’s developmental status is associated with ...
    • Consumption of energy drinks among adolescents in Norway: a cross-sectional study 

      Degirmenci, Naim; Fossum, Ingrid Nesdal; Strand, Tor A; Vaktskjold, Arild; Holten-Andersen, Mads Nikolaj (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-12-19)
      Background: Energy drink (ED) consumption is increasing all over the world. We sought to describe the consumption of EDs among adolescents in Norway, and to explore the determinants of daily and high consumption. Methods: ...
    • Determinants of Cognitive Development in the Early Life of Children in Bhaktapur, Nepal 

      Ranjitkar, Suman; Hysing, Mari; Kvestad, Ingrid; Shrestha, Merina; Ulak, Manjeswori; Shilpakar, Jaya Shree; Sintakala, Roshan; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Shrestha, Laxman; Strand, Tor A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-06)
      Background: Children in low and middle income countries may have many risk factors for poor cognitive development, and are accordingly at a high risk of not reaching their developmental potential. Determinants for cognitive ...
    • Dietary diversity and child development in the far west of Nepal: A cohort study 

      Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L.; Shrestha, Merina; Fawzi, Wafaie W.; Pasqualino, Monica; Strand, Tor A; Kvestad, Ingrid; Hysing, Mari; Joshi, Neena; Lohani, Mahendra; Miller, Laurie C (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-03)
      Poverty adversely affects child development through multiple pathways in low- and middle-income countries. Relationships between diet and child development are poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to explore these ...
    • Dietary Intake and Biomarkers of Folate and Cobalamin Status in Norwegian Preschool Children: The FINS-KIDS Study 

      Solvik, Beate Stokke; Strand, Tor A; Kvestad, Ingrid; Markhus, Maria Wik; Ueland, Per Magne; McCann, Adrian; Øyen, Jannike (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: Folate and cobalamin (vitamin B-12) are essential for growth and development. However, few populationbased studies have investigated B-vitamin status in children. Objectives: This study aimed to assess biomarkers ...
    • Early Nutritional Interventions with Zinc, Selenium and Vitamin D for Raising Anti-Viral Resistance Against Progressive COVID-19 

      Alexander, Jan; Tinkov, Alexey A.; Strand, Tor A; Alehagen, Urban; Skalny, Anatoly V.; Aaseth, Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Objectives: The novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19) conveys a serious threat globally to health and economy because of a lack of vaccines and specific treatments. A common factor for conditions that predispose for serious ...
    • Earthquake exposure and post-traumatic stress among nepalese mothers after the 2015 earthquakes 

      Kvestad, Ingrid; Ranjitkar, Suman; Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram K.; Shrestha, Merina; Shrestha, Laxman P.; Strand, Tor A; Hysing, Mari (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-04-02)
      Introduction: Nepal suffered from major earthquakes in April 2015 resulting in great damage to the society. The objective of the current study is to describe the earthquake exposure, the impact on family’s daily life and ...
    • Effect of antenatal and infant micronutrient supplementation on middle childhood and early adolescent development outcomes in Tanzania 

      Sudfeld, Christopher R.; Manji, Karim P.; Darling, Anne Marie; Kisenge, Rodrick; Kvestad, Ingrid; Hysing, Mari; Belinger, David C.; Strand, Tor A; Duggan, Christopher P.; Fawzi, Wafaie W. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: There is growing evidence that nutritional interventions in the first 1000 days of life may influence long-term health and development outcomes. Few studies have examined the effect of maternal and infant ...
    • The effects of vitamin B12 supplementation in pregnancy and postpartum on growth and neurodevelopment in early childhood: Study Protocol for a Randomized Placebo Controlled Trial 

      Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Ulak, Manjeswori; Kvestad, Ingrid; Shrestha, Merina; Ranjitkar, Suman; Basnet, Sudha; Hysing, Mari; Shrestha, Laxman; Strand, Tor A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Introduction: Vitamin B12 is crucial for normal cell division and differentiation, and necessary for the development and myelination of the central nervous system. Pregnant mothers in resource poor settings are at risk for ...
    • Effects of vitamin B12 supplementation on neurodevelopment and growth in Nepalese Infants: A randomized controlled trial 

      Strand, Tor A; Ulak Chandyo, Manjeswori; Hysing, Mari; Ranjitkar, Suman; Kvestad, Ingrid; Shrestha, Merina; Ueland, Per Magne; McCann, Adrian; Shrestha, Prakash S; Shrestha, Laxman P.; Chandyo, Ram K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Vitamin B12 deficiency is common and affects cell division and differentiation, erythropoiesis, and the central nervous system. Several observational studies have demonstrated associations between biomarkers ...
    • Engagement in agriculture protects againstfood insecurity and malnutrition in peri-urban Nepal 

      Moucheraud, Corrina; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Henjum, Sigrun; Strand, Tor A; Ulak, Manjeswori; Fawzi, Wafaie W.; Locks, Lindsey; Webb, Patrick; Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: Urbanization is occurring rapidly in many low- and middle-income countries, which may affect households’ livelihoods, diet, and food security and nutritional outcomes. Objective: The main objective of our study ...
    • The feasibility of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire for the assessment of child development in a community setting in Nepal 

      Shrestha, Merina; Strand, Tor A; Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram K.; Ranjitkar, Suman; Hysing, Mari; Shrestha, Laxman P.; Kvestad, Ingrid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: The Ages and Stages Questionnaire Third Edition (ASQ‐3) may be a feasible and cost‐effective tool to screen children's development in resource poor settings. We have assessed the feasibility of the ASQ‐3 “home ...
    • The Feasibility of the Full and Modified Versions of the Alarm Distress Baby Scale (ADBB) and the Prevalence of Social Withdrawal in Infants in Nepal 

      Ulak, Manjeswori; Ranjitkar, Suman; Shrestha, Merina; Braarud, Hanne Cecilie; Chandyo, Ram K.; Shrestha, Laxman; Guedeney, Antoine; Strand, Tor A; Kvestad, Ingrid (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: Sustained social withdrawal in infancy may have organic and nonorganic causes and could hinder normal development. The Alarm Distress Baby (ADBB) scale is a widely validated screening tool of social withdrawal ...
    • Global burden of acute lower respiratory infection associated with human metapneumovirus in children under 5 years in 2018: a systematic review and modelling study 

      Wang, Xin; Li , You; Deloria-Knoll, Maria; Madhi, Shabir A.; Cohen, Cheryl; Ali, Asad; Basnet, Sudha; Bassat, Quique; Brooks, W Abdullah; Chittaganpitch, Malinee; Echavarria, Marcela; Fasce, Rodrigo A.; Goswami, Doli; Hirve, Siddhivinayak; Homaira, Nusrat; Howie, Stephen R.C.; Kotloff, Karen L.; Khuri-Bulos, Najwa; Krishnan, Anand; Lucero, Marilla G.; Lupisan, Socorro P.; Mira-Iglesias, Ainara; Moore, David P; Moraleda, Cinta; Nunes, Marta; Oshitani, Histoshi; Owor, Betty E.; Polack, Fernando P; O'Brien, Katherine L.; Rasmussen, Zeba A.; Rath, Barbara A; Salimi, Vahid; Scott, J Anthony G; Simões, Eric A F; Strand, Tor A; Thea, Donald M; Treurnicht, Florette K; Vaccari, Linda C; Yoshida, Lay-Myint; Zar, Heather J.; Campbell, Harry; Nair, Harish (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Human metapneumovirus is a common virus associated with acute lower respiratory infections (ALRIs) in children. No global burden estimates are available for ALRIs associated with human metapneumovirus in children, ...