• Adequate Urinary Iodine Concentration among Infants in the Inland Area of Norway 

      Bakken, Kjersti Sletten; Aarsland, Tonje Eiane; Groufh-Jacobsen, Synne; Solvik, Beate Stokke; Gjengedal, Elin Lovise Folven; Henjum, Sigrun; Strand, Tor Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Considering the importance of iodine to support optimal growth and neurological development of the brain and central nervous system, this study aimed to assess and evaluate iodine status in Norwegian infants. We collected ...
    • Assessment of hospitalization costs and its determinants in infants with clinical severe infection at a public tertiary hospital in Nepal 

      Shrestha, Suchita; Chapagain, Ram Hari; Purakayastha, Debjani Ram; Basnet, Srijana; Wadhwa, Nitya; Strand, Tor Arne; Basnet, Sudha (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Sepsis, an important and preventable cause of death in the newborn, is associated with high out of pocket hospitalization costs for the parents/guardians. The government of Nepal’s Free Newborn Care (FNC) service that ...
    • Biomarkers and Fatty Fish Intake: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Norwegian Preschool Children 

      Solvik, Beate Stokke; Øyen, Jannike; Kvestad, Ingrid; Markhus, Maria Wik; Ueland, Per Magne; McCann, Adrian; Strand, Tor Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Biomarkers such as omega-3 (n–3) PUFAs, urinary iodine concentration (UIC), 1-methylhistidine (1-MH), and trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) have been associated with fish intake in observational studies, but data ...
    • Cobalamin and folate status in women during early pregnancy in Bhaktapur, Nepal 

      Schwinger, Catherine; Sharma, Shakun; Chandyo, Ram K; Hysing, Mari; Kvestad, Ingrid; Ulak, Manjeswori; Ranjitkar, Suman; Shrestha, Merina; Shrestha, Laxman; McCann, Adrian; Ueland, Per Magne; Strand, Tor Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The demand for cobalamin (vitamin B12) and folate is increased during pregnancy, and deficiency during pregnancy may lead to complications and adverse outcomes. Yet, the status of these micronutrients is unknown in many ...
    • Diversity of Rotavirus Strains in Children; Results From a Community-Based Study in Nepal 

      Shrestha, Jasmin; Shrestha, Sanjaya; Strand, Tor Arne; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Dembinski, Jennifer Lynn; Vikse, Rose; Andreassen, Åshild Kristine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Objective: The objectives of this study were to describe the incidence and genetic diversity of Rotavirus (RV) infection among children up to 3 years of age in a community in Nepal. Methods: We investigated community-acquired ...
    • The effect of vitamin B12-supplementation on actigraphy measured sleep pattern; a randomized control trial 

      Hysing, Mari; Strand, Tor Arne; Chandyo, Ram K; Ranjitkar, Suman; Schwinger, Catherine; Shrestha, Merina; Kvestad, Ingrid; Ulak, Manjeswori (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Vitamin B12 deficiency is common worldwide and has been associated with poor sleep. The effect of vitamin B12 supplementation on sleep in infants is not known. Aims To measure the effect of daily supplementation ...
    • External validation of the RISC, RISC-Malawi, and PERCH clinical prediction rules to identify risk of death in children hospitalized with pneumonia 

      Rees, Chris A.; Hooli, Shubhada; King, Carina; McCollum, Eric D.; Colbourn, Tim; Lufesi, Norman; Mwansambo, Charles; Lazzerini, Marzia; Madhi, Shabir A.; Cutland, Clare; Nunes, Marta; Gessner, Bradford D.; Basnet, Sudha; Kartasasmita, Cissy B.; Mathew, Joseph L.; Zaman, Syed Mohammad Akram Uz; Paranhos-Baccalà, Gláucia; Bhatnagar, Shinjini; Wadhwa, Nitya; Lodha, Rakesh; Aneja, Satinder; Santosham, Mathuram; Picot, Valentina Sanchez; Sylla, Mariam; Awasthi, Shally; Bavdekar, Ashish; Pape, Jean-William; Rouzier, Vanessa; Chou, Monidarin; Rakoto-Andrianarivelo, Mala; Wang, Jianwei; Nymadawa, Pagbajabyn; Vanhems, Philippe; Russomando, Graciela; Asghar, Rai; Banajeh, Salem; Iqbal, Imran; MacLeod, William; Maulen-Radovan, Irene; Mino, Greta; Saha, Samir; Singhi, Sunit; Thea, Donald M; Clara, Alexey W.; Campbell, Harry; Nair, Harish; Falconer, Jennifer; Williams, Linda J.; Horne, Margaret; Strand, Tor Arne; Qazi, Shamim A.; Nisar, Yasir B.; Neuman, Mark I. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Existing scores to identify children at risk of hospitalized pneumonia-related mortality lack broad external validation. Our objective was to externally validate three such risk scores. Methods: We applied the ...
    • Factors determining cognitive, motor and language scores in low birth weight infants from North India 

      Upadhyay, Ravi Prakash; Taneja, Sunita; Ranjitkar, Suman; Mazumder, Sarmila; Bhandari, Nita; Dua, Tarun; Shrestha, Laxman; Strand, Tor Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Children born with low birth weight (LBW) tend to have lower neurodevelopmental scores compared to term normal birth weight children. It is important to determine factors that influence neurodevelopment in these ...
    • Gestational Age, Birth Weight, and Neurocognitive Development in Adolescents in Tanzania 

      Perumal, Nandita; Manji, Karim P.; Darling, Anne Marie; Kisenge, Rodrick R.; Kvestad, Ingrid; Hysing, Mari; Belinger, David C.; Urassa, Willy; Strand, Tor Arne; Duggan, Christopher P.; Fawzi, Wafaie W.; Sudfeld, Christopher R. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Objectives: To investigate the association between gestational age, birthweight, and birthweight adjusted for gestational age, with domains of neurocognitive development and behavioral problems in adolescents in Tanzania. ...
    • Iodine Nutrition and Iodine Supplement Initiation in Association with Thyroid Function in Mildly-to-Moderately Iodine-Deficient Pregnant and Postpartum Women 

      Næss, Synnøve; Markhus, Maria Wik; Strand, Tor Arne; Kjellevold, Marian; Dahl, Lisbeth; Stokland, Ann-Elin Meling; Nedrebø, Bjørn Gunnar; Aakre, Inger (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Whereas the adverse effects of severe iodine deficiency during pregnancy are well documented, the effects of mild-to-moderate deficiency are not well established. Objectives We aimed to explore whether ...
    • Letter to the Editor 

      Rognstad, Øyvind Bakken; Kaldenbach, Siri; Strand, Tor Arne (Journal article, 2022)
    • Prevalence of anemia, iron-deficiency anemia, and associated factors among children aged 1–5 years in the rural, malaria-endemic setting of popokabaka, democratic Republic of Congo: A cross-sectional study 

      Mbunga, Branly Kilola; Mapatano, Mala Ali; Strand, Tor Arne; Gjengedal, Elin Lovise Folven; Akilimali, Pierre Zalagile; Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Iron deficiency (ID), the leading cause of anemia and the most common nutritional deficiency globally, is not well reported among children in malaria-endemic settings, and little is known about its contribution to anemia ...
    • Social determinants and changes in energy drink consumption among adolescents in Norway, 2017-2019: a cross-sectional study 

      Kaldenbach, Siri; Strand, Tor Arne; Solvik, Beate Stokke; Holten-Andersen, Mads Nikolaj (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Objectives: To describe the social determinants and development in energy drink consumption among Norwegian adolescents in 2017, 2018 and 2019. Design: Cross-sectional, online, annual, nationwide surveys (Ungdata). ...
    • Vitamin D3 supplementation does not enhance the effects of resistance training in older adults 

      Mølmen, Knut Sindre; Hammarström, Jens Konrad Daniel; Pedersen, Karianne; Lie, Anne Cecilie Lian; Steile, Ragnvald B.; Nygård, Håvard; Khan, Yusuf; Hamarsland, Håvard; Koll, Lise; Hanestadhaugen, Marita; Eriksen, Atle Lie; Grindaker, Eirik; Whist, Jon Elling; Buck, Daniel; Ahmad, Rafi; Strand, Tor Arne; Rønnestad, Bent R.; Ellefsen, Stian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Lifestyle therapy with resistance training is a potent measure to counteract age-related loss in muscle strength and mass. Unfortunately, many individuals fail to respond in the expected manner. This phenomenon ...