• Cold-stored whole blood in a Norwegian emergency helicopter service: an observational study on storage conditions and product quality 

      Bjerkvig, Christopher Kalhagen; Sivertsen, Joar; Bråthen, Hanne Kristin; Lunde, Turid Helen Felli; Strandenes, Geir; Assmus, Jörg; Hervig, Tor; Cap, Andrew P.; Kristoffersen, Einar Klæboe; Fosse, Theodor; Apelseth, Torunn Oveland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      BACKGROUND Increasing numbers of emergency medical service agencies and hospitals are developing the capability to administer blood products to patients with hemorrhagic shock. Cold‐stored whole blood (WB) is the only ...
    • Effect of leukoreduction and temperature on risk of bacterial growth in CPDA-1 whole blood: A study of Escherichia coli 

      Braathen, Hanne; Sivertsen, Joar; Lunde, Turid Helen Felli; Strandenes, Geir; Lindemann, Paul Christoffer; Assmus, Jörg; Hervig, Tor Audun; Apelseth, Torunn Oveland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Collection of non-leukoreduced citrate-phosphate-dextrose-adenine (CPDA-1) whole blood is performed in walking blood banks. Blood collected under field conditions may have increased risk of bacterial contamination. ...
    • Prehospital Whole Blood Transfusion Programs in Norway 

      Bjerkvig, Christopher Kalhagen; Strandenes, Geir; Hervig, Tor; Sunde, Geir Arne; Apelseth, Torunn Oveland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Prehospital management of severe hemorrhage has evolved significantly in Norwegian medical emergency services in the last 10 years. Treatment algorithms for severe bleeding were previously focused on restoration ...
    • A whole blood based resuscitation strategy in civilian medical services: Experience from a Norwegian hospital in the period 2017–2020 

      Hagen, Kristin Gjerde; Strandenes, Geir; Kristoffersen, Einar Klæboe; Braathen, Hanne; Sivertsen, Joar; Bjerkvig, Christopher Kalhagen; Sommerfelt-Pettersen, Nina Grindheim; Aasheim, Irmelin Beathe; Lunde, Turid Helen Felli; Hervig, Tor; Apelseth, Torunn Oveland (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Civilian and military guidelines recommend early balanced transfusion to patients with life-threatening bleeding. Low titer group O whole blood was introduced as the primary blood product for resuscitation of ...