• Atlantic Water Pathways Along the North-Western Svalbard Shelf Mapped Using Vessel-Mounted Current Profilers 

      Menze, Sebastian; Ingvaldsen, Randi Brunvær; Haugan, Peter M.; Fer, Ilker; Sundfjord, Arild; Beszczynska-Moeller, Agnieszka; Falk-Petersen, Stig (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-03)
      A large amount of warm Atlantic water (AW) enters the Arctic as a boundary current through Fram Strait (West Spitsbergen Current [WSC]) and is the major oceanic heat source to the Arctic Ocean. Along the north‐western ...
    • Leads in Arctic pack ice enable early phytoplankton blooms below snow-covered sea ice 

      Assmy, Philipp; Fernández-Méndez, Mar; Duarte, Pedro; Meyer, Amelie; Randelhoff, Achim; Mundy, Christopher John; Olsen, Lasse; Kauko, Hanna M.; Bailey, Allison; Chierici, Melissa; Cohen, Lana; Doulgeris, Anthony Paul; Ehn, Jens K.; Fransson, Agneta; Gerland, Sebastian; Hop, Haakon; Hudson, Stephen R.; Hughes, Nick; Itkin, Polona; Johnsen, Geir; King, Jennifer A.; Koch, Boris P.; Koenig, Zoe; Kwasniewski, Slawomir; Laney, Samuel R.; Nikolaus, Marcel; Pavlov, Alexey K.; Polashenski, Christopher M.; Provost, Christine; Rösel, Anja; Sandbu, Marthe; Spreen, Gunnar; Smedsrud, Lars H.; Sundfjord, Arild; Taskjelle, Torbjørn; Tatarek, Agnieszka; Wiktor, Josef; Wagner, Penelope Mae; Wold, Anette; Steen, Harald; Granskog, Mats A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01-19)
      The Arctic icescape is rapidly transforming from a thicker multiyear ice cover to a thinner and largely seasonal first-year ice cover with significant consequences for Arctic primary production. One critical challenge is ...
    • Mixing rates and vertical heat fluxes north of Svalbard from Arctic winter to spring 

      Meyer, Amelie; Fer, Ilker; Sundfjord, Arild; Peterson, Algot Kristoffer (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-06)
      Mixing and heat flux rates collected in the Eurasian Basin north of Svalbard during the N-ICE2015 drift expedition are presented. The observations cover the deep Nansen Basin, the Svalbard continental slope, and the shallow ...
    • Nutrients vs. turbulence, and the future of Arctic Ocean primary production 

      Randelhoff, Achim; Sundfjord, Arild; Fer, Ilker; Reigstad, Marit; Tremblay, Jean-Eric; Guthrie, John D. (Conference object, 2016)
    • Sea ice thermohaline dynamics and biogeochemistry in the Arctic Ocean: Empirical and model results 

      Duarte, Pedro; Meyer, Amelie; Olsen, Lasse Mork; Kauko, Hanna Maria; Assmy, Philipp; Rösel, Anja; Itkin, Polona; Hudson, Stephen R.; Granskog, Mats A.; Gerland, Sebastian; Sundfjord, Arild; Steen, Harald; Hop, Haakon; Cohen, Lana; Peterson, Algot Kristoffer; Jeffery, Nicole; Elliott, Scott M.; Hunke, Elizabeth Clare; Turner, Adrian K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-07)
      Large changes in the sea ice regime of the Arctic Ocean have occurred over the last decades justifying the development of models to forecast sea ice physics and biogeochemistry. The main goal of this study is to evaluate ...
    • Seasonality of the Physical and Biogeochemical Hydrography in the Inflow to the Arctic Ocean Through Fram Strait 

      Randelhoff, Achim; Reigstad, Marit; Chierici, Melissa; Sundfjord, Arild; Ivanov, Vladimir; Cape, Matthias; Vernet, Maria; Tremblay, Jean-Éric; Bratbak, Gunnar; Kristiansen, Svein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-06-29)
      Eastern Fram Strait and the shelf slope region north of Svalbard is dominated by the advection of warm, salty and nutrient-rich Atlantic Water (AW). This oceanic heat contributes to keeping the area relatively free of ice. ...
    • Turbulent upper-ocean mixing affected by meltwater layers during Arctic summer 

      Randelhoff, Achim; Fer, Ilker; Sundfjord, Arild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-04)
      Every summer, intense sea ice melt around the margins of the Arctic pack ice leads to a stratified surface layer, potentially without a traditional surface mixed layer. The associated strengthening of near-surface ...
    • Vertical fluxes of nitrate in the seasonal nitracline of the Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean 

      Randelhoff, Achim; Fer, Ilker; Sundfjord, Arild; Tremblay, Jean-Éric; Reigstad, Marit (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-07)
      This study compiles colocated oceanic observations of high-resolution vertical profiles of nitrate concentration and turbulent microstructure around the Svalbard shelf slope, covering both the permanently ice-free Fram ...
    • Vertical mixing in the marginal ice zone of the Barents Sea Spatial and temporal variation of oceanic turbulence - observations and numerical model experiments 

      Sundfjord, Arild (Doctoral thesis, 2007-01-12)
      Vertical mixing affects water mass modification, biological productivity, and chemical fluxes in the ocean, but its response to forcing and variability in time and space in seasonally ice-covered seas is inadequately known. ...
    • Warm Atlantic water explains observed sea ice melt rates north of Svalbard 

      Duarte, Pedro; Sundfjord, Arild; Meyer, Amelie; Hudson, Stephen; Spreen, Gunnar; Smedsrud, Lars Henrik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Warm Atlantic water (AW) that flows northward along the Svalbard west coast is thought to transport enough heat to melt regional Arctic sea ice effectively. Despite this common assumption, quantitative requirements necessary ...
    • Winter storms accelerate the demise of sea ice in the Atlantic Sector of the Arctic Ocean 

      Graham, Robert M.; Itkin, Polona; Meyer, Amelie; Sundfjord, Arild; Spreen, Gunnar; Smedsrud, Lars H.; Liston, Glen E.; Cheng, Bin; Cohen, Lana; Divine, Dmitry; Fer, Ilker; Fransson, Agneta; Gerland, Sebastian; Haapala, Jari; Hudson, Stephen R.; Johansson, Malin; King, Jennifer A.; Merkouriadi, Ioanna; Peterson, Algot Kristoffer; Provost, Christine; Randelhoff, Achim; Rinke, Annette; Rösel, Anja; Sennechael, Nathalie; Walden, Von P.; Duarte, Pedro; Assmy, Philipp; Steen, Harald; Granskog, Mats A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-06-25)
      A large retreat of sea-ice in the ‘stormy’ Atlantic Sector of the Arctic Ocean has become evident through a series of record minima for the winter maximum sea-ice extent since 2015. Results from the Norwegian young sea ICE ...