• Evolution of IMF By Induced Asymmetries: The Role of Tail Reconnection 

      Ohma, Anders; Østgaard, Nikolai; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Reistad, Jone Peter; Hatch, Spencer Mark; Tenfjord, Paul Arne Riksheim (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      North-south asymmetries arise in the magnetosphere-ionosphere system when a significant east-west (By) component is present in the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF). During such conditions, a By component with the same ...
    • Impacts of Ionospheric Ions on Magnetic Reconnection and Earth's Magnetosphere Dynamics 

      Toledo-Redondo, S; Andre, M; Aunai, N; Chappell, Charles Richard; Dargent, Jeremy; Fuselier, S.; Glocer, Alex; Graham, D. B.; Håland, Stein Egil; Hesse, M.; Kistler, L. M.; Lavraud, B.; Li, W.; Moore, T. E.; Tenfjord, Paul Arne Riksheim; Vines, S. K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Ionospheric ions (mainly H+, He+, and O+) escape from the ionosphere and populate the Earth's magnetosphere. Their thermal energies are usually low when they first escape the ionosphere, typically a few electron volt to ...
    • Magnetospheric response and reconfiguration times following IMF By reversals 

      Tenfjord, Paul Arne Riksheim; Østgaard, Nikolai; Strangeway, Robert J.; Haaland, Stein; Snekvik, Kristian; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Reistad, Jone Peter; Milan, Stephen Eric (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01)
      The interaction between the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) and the geomagnetic field at the dayside magnetopause leads to transfer of momentum and energy which changes the magnetospheric configuration, but only after ...
    • The Micro-Macro Coupling of Mass-Loading in Symmetric Magnetic Reconnection With Cold Ions 

      Spinnangr, Susanne Flø; Hesse, Michael; Tenfjord, Paul Arne Riksheim; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Kolstø, Håkon Midthun; Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa; Jørgensen, Therese Moretto (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      We investigate how magnetic reconnection is influenced by an inflow of a dense cold ion population. We compare two 2.5D Particle-In-Cell simulations, one containing the cold population and one without. We find that the ...
    • Millisecond observations of nonlinear wave–electron interaction in electron phase space holes 

      Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Graham, Daniel B.; Argall, Matthew; Steinvall, Konrad; Hesse, Michael; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Vaivads, Andris; Tenfjord, Paul Arne Riksheim; Gershman, Daniel J; Lindqvist, Per-Arne; Burch, James L; Plaschke, Ferdinand (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Electron phase space holes (EHs) associated with electron trapping are commonly observed as bipolar electric field signatures in both space and laboratory plasma. Until recently, it has not been possible to resolve EHs in ...
    • On the Presence and Thermalization of Cold Ions in the Exhaust of Antiparallel Symmetric Reconnection 

      Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Tenfjord, Paul Arne Riksheim; Hesse, Michael; Toledo-Redondo, Sergio; Li, Wenya; Xu, Yin; Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa; Spinnangr, Susanne Flø; Kolstø, Håkon Midthun; Moretto, Therese (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Using fully kinetic 2.5 dimensional particle-in-cell simulations of anti-parallel symmetric magnetic reconnection, we investigate how initially cold ions are captured by the reconnection process, and how they evolve and ...
    • Overview of solar wind - magnetosphere - ionosphere - atmosphere coupling and the generation of magnetospheric currents 

      Milan, Stephen Eric; Clausen, Lasse Boy Novock; Coxon, John Charles; Carter, Jenny A.; Walach, Maria Theresia; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Østgaard, Nikolai; Tenfjord, Paul Arne Riksheim; Reistad, Jone Peter; Snekvik, Kristian; Korth, Haje; Anderson, Brian J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-03)
      We review the morphology and dynamics of the electrical current systems of the terrestrial magnetosphere and ionosphere. Observations from the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment (AMPERE) ...