• Effective treatment of metastatic melanoma by combining MAPK and PI3K signaling pathway inhibitors 

      Aasen, Synnøve Nymark; Parajuli, Himalaya; Hoang, Tuyen; Feng, Zichao; Stokke, Krister; Wang, Jiwei; Roy, Kislay; Bjerkvig, Rolf; Knappskog, Stian; Thorsen, Frits (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-29)
      Malignant melanoma is the most aggressive type of skin cancer and is closely associated with the development of brain metastases. Despite aggressive treatment, the prognosis has traditionally been poor, necessitating ...
    • Identification of immune-related genes contributing to the development of glioblastoma using weighted gene co-expression network analysis. 

      Kong, Yang; Feng, Zichao; Zhang, Yulin; Liu, Xiaofei; Ma, Yuan; Zhao, Zhimin; Huang, Bin; Chen, An-Jing; Zhang, Di; Thorsen, Frits; Wang, Jian; Yang, Ning; Li, Xingang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: The tumor microenvironment (TME) of human glioblastoma (GBM) exhibits considerable immune cell infiltration, and such cell types have been shown to be widely involved in the development of GBM. Here, weighted ...
    • Impact of Docetaxel on blood-brain barrier function and formation of breast cancer brain metastases 

      Bernatz, Simon; Ilina, Elena I.; Devraj, Kavi; Harter, Patrick N.; Mueller, Klaus; Kleber, Sascha; Braun, Yannick; Penski, Cornelia; Renner, Christoph; Halder, Rashi; Jennewein, Lukas; Solbach, Christine; Thorsen, Frits; Pestalozzi, Bernhard C.; Mischo, Axel; Mittelbronn, Michael (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-10-29)
      Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequent malignant tumor in females and the 2nd most common cause of brain metastasis (BM), that are associated with a fatal prognosis. The increasing incidence from 10% up to 40% ...
    • Inhibition of mitochondrial respiration prevents BRAF-mutant melanoma brain metastasis 

      Sundstrøm, Terje; Prestegarden, Lars; Azuaje, Francisco; Aasen, Synnøve Nymark; Røsland, Gro Vatne; Varughese, Jobin K.; Bahador, Marzieh; Bernatz, Simon; Braun, Yannick; Harter, Patrick N.; Skaftnesmo, Kai Ove; Ingham, Elizabeth S.; Mahakian, Lisa M.; Tam, Sarah; Tepper, Clifford G.; Petersen, Kjell; Ferrara, Katherine W.; Tronstad, Karl Johan; Lund-Johansen, Morten; Beschorner, Rudi; Bjerkvig, Rolf; Thorsen, Frits (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-04-10)
      Melanoma patients carry a high risk of developing brain metastases, and improvements in survival are still measured in weeks or months. Durable disease control within the brain is impeded by poor drug penetration across ...
    • Interfering with long non-coding RNA MIR22HG processing inhibits glioblastoma progression through suppression of Wnt/β-catenin signalling 

      Han, Mingzhi; Wang, Shuai; Fritah, Sabrina; Wang, Xu; Zhou, Wenjing; Yang, Ning; Ni, Shilei; Huang, Bin; Chen, Anjing; Li, Gang; Miletic, Hrvoje; Thorsen, Frits; Bjerkvig, Rolf; Li, Xingang; Wang, Jian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Long non-coding RNAs play critical roles in tumour progression. Through analysis of publicly available genomic datasets, we found that MIR22HG, the host gene of microRNAs miR-22-3p and miR-22-5p, is ranked among the most ...
    • A novel nanoprobe for multimodal imaging is effectively incorporated into human melanoma metastatic cell lines 

      Aasen, Synnøve Nymark; Pospíšilová, Aneta; Eichler, Tilo Wolf; Pánek, Jiří; Hrubý, Martin; Štěpánek, Petr; Spriet, Endy; Jirák, Daniel; Skaftnesmo, Kai Ove; Thorsen, Frits (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-09-08)
      To facilitate efficient drug delivery to tumor tissue, several nanomaterials have been designed, with combined diagnostic and therapeutic properties. In this work, we carried out fundamental in vitro and in vivo experiments ...
    • PMEPA1 isoform a drives progression of glioblastoma by promoting protein degradation of the Hippo pathway kinase LATS1 

      Ji, Jianxiong; Ding, Kaikai; Luo, Tao; Xu, Ran; Zhang, Xin; Huang, Bin; Chen, An-Jing; Zhang, Di; Miletic, Hrvoje; Bjerkvig, Rolf; Thorsen, Frits; Wang, Jian; Li, Xingang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Hippo signaling pathway controls organ development and is also known, in cancer, to have a tumor suppressing role. Within the Hippo pathway, we here demonstrate, in human gliomas, a functional interaction of a transmembrane ...
    • Reduced expression of proteolipid protein 2 increases ER stress-induced apoptosis and autophagy in glioblastoma. 

      Feng, Zichao; Zhou, Wenjing; Wang, Jiwei; Qi, Qichao; Han, Mingzhi; Kong, Yang; Hu, Yaotian; Zhang, Yulin; Chen, Anbin; Huang, Bin; Zhang, Di; Li, Wenjie; Zhang, Qing; Bjerkvig, Rolf; Wang, Jian; Thorsen, Frits; Li, Xingang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-11-28)
      Proteolipid protein 2 (PLP2) is an integral ion channel membrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum. The protein has been shown to be highly expressed in many cancer types, but its importance in glioma progression is ...
    • Therapeutic implications of altered cholesterol homeostasis mediated by loss of CYP46A1 in human glioblastoma 

      Han, Mingzhi; Wang, Shuai; Yang, Ning; Wang, Xu; Zhao, Wenbo; Sdik Saed, Halala; Daubon, Thomas; Huang, Bin; Chen, Anjing; Li, Gang; Miletic, Hrvoje; Thorsen, Frits; Bjerkvig, Rolf; Li, Xingang; Wang, Jian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-11-28)
      Dysregulated cholesterol metabolism is a hallmark of many cancers, including glioblastoma (GBM), but its role in disease progression is not well understood. Here, we identified cholesterol 24‐hydroxylase (CYP46A1), a ...
    • Trifluoperazine, a novel autophagy inhibitor, increases radiosensitivity in glioblastoma by impairing homologous recombination 

      Zhang, Xin; Xu, Ran; Zhang, Chao; Xu, Yangyang; Han, Mingzhi; Huang, Bin; Chen, Anjing; Qiu, Chen; Thorsen, Frits; Prestegarden, Lars; Bjerkvig, Rolf; Wang, Jian; Li, Xingang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09-05)
      Background: Resistance to adjuvant radiotherapy is a major cause of treatment failure in patients with glioblastoma (GBM). Autophagy inhibitors have been shown to enhance the efficacy of radiotherapy for certain solid ...
    • Ultrasound-mediated delivery and distribution of polymeric nanoparticles in the normal brain parenchyma of a metastatic brain tumour model 

      Baghirov, Habib; Snipstad, Sofie; Sulheim, Einar; Berg, Sigrid; Hansen, Rune; Thorsen, Frits; Mørch, Ýrr Asbjørg; Davies, Catharina de Lange; Åslund, Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01-16)
      The treatment of brain diseases is hindered by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) preventing most drugs from entering the brain. Focused ultrasound (FUS) with microbubbles can open the BBB safely and reversibly. Systemic drug ...