• Along‐stream, seasonal, and interannual variability of the North Icelandic Irminger Current and East Icelandic Current around Iceland 

      Casanova-Masjoan, M; Perez-Hernandez, MD; Pickart, Robert S.; Valdimarsson, Héðinn; Ólafsdóttir, SR; Macrander, Andreas; Grisolía-Santos, D; Torres, Daniel J.; Jónsson, Steingrímur; Våge, Kjetil; Lin, Peigen; Hernández-Guerra, A (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Data from repeat hydrographic surveys over the 25-year period 1993 to 2017, together with satellite altimetry data, are used to quantify the temporal and spatial variability of the North Icelandic Irminger Current (NIIC), ...
    • Atlantic-Origin Overflow Water in the East Greenland Current 

      Håvik, Lisbeth; Almansi, Mattia; Våge, Kjetil; Haine, Thomas W.N. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Dense water masses transported southward along the east coast of Greenland in the East Greenland Current (EGC) form the largest contribution to the Denmark Strait Overflow. When exiting Denmark Strait these dense water ...
    • Attuning to a changing ocean 

      Stenseth, Nils Christian; Payne, Mark R.; Bonsdorff, Erik; Dankel, Dorothy Jane; Durant, Joel Marcel; Anderson, Leif G.; Armstrong, Claire W.; Blenckner, Thorsten; Brakstad, Ailin; Dupont, Sam; Eikeset, Anne Maria; Goksøyr, Anders; Jónsson, Steingrímur; Kuparinen, Anna; Våge, Kjetil; Österblom, Henrik; Paasche, Øyvind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The ocean is a lifeline for human existence, but current practices risk severely undermining ocean sustainability. Present and future social−ecological challenges necessitate the maintenance and development of knowledge ...
    • Characteristics and Transformation of Pacific Winter Water on the Chukchi Sea Shelf in Late Spring 

      Pacini, Astrid; Moore, George William Kent; Pickart, Robert S.; Nobre, Carolina; Bahr, Frank; Våge, Kjetil; Arrigo, Kevin R. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Data from a late spring survey of the northeast Chukchi Sea are used to investigate various aspects of newly ventilated winter water (NVWW). More than 96% of the water sampled on the shelf was NVWW, the saltiest (densest) ...
    • Continued warming, salinification and oxygenation of the Greenland Sea gyre 

      Lauvset, Siv Kari; Brakstad, Ailin Dale; Våge, Kjetil; Olsen, Are; Jeansson, Emil; Mork, Kjell Arne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-06-18)
      The Greenland Sea gyre is one of the few areas where the water column is ventilated through open ocean convection. This process brings both anthropogenic carbon and oxygen from the atmosphere and surface ocean into the ...
    • Decreasing intensity of open-ocean convection in the Greenland and Iceland seas 

      Moore, George William Kent; Våge, Kjetil; Pickart, Robert S.; Renfrew, Ian A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      The air–sea transfer of heat and fresh water plays a critical role in the global climate system1. This is particularly true for the Greenland and Iceland seas, where these fluxes drive ocean convection that contributes to ...
    • The Emergence of the North Icelandic Jet and Its Evolution from Northeast Iceland to Denmark Strait 

      Semper, Stefanie; Våge, Kjetil; Pickart, Robert S.; Valdimarsson, Hedinn; Torres, Daniel J.; Jónsson, Steingrímur (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The North Icelandic Jet (NIJ) is an important source of dense water to the overflow plume passing through Denmark Strait. The properties, structure, and transport of the NIJ are investigated for the first time along its ...
    • An evaluation of surface meteorology and fluxes over the Iceland and Greenland Seas in ERA5 reanalysis: The impact of sea ice distribution 

      Renfrew, Ian A.; Barrell, C.; Elvidge, A.D.; Brooke, J.K.; Duscha, Christiane; King, J.C.; Kristiansen, Jørn; Cope, T. Lachlan; Moore, George William Kent; Pickart, Robert S.; Reuder, Joachim; Sandu, I.; Sergeev, Denis; Terpstra, Annick; Våge, Kjetil; Weiss, A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Iceland and Greenland Seas are a crucial region for the climate system, being the headwaters of the lower limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Investigating the atmosphere–ocean–ice processes in ...
    • The Iceland Greenland seas project 

      Renfrew, Ian Alasdair; Pickart, RS; Våge, Kjetil; Moore, GWK; Bracegirdle, TJ; Elvidge, AD; Jeansson, Emil; Lachlan-Cope, T; McRaven, LT; Papritz, L; Reuder, Joachim; Sodemann, Harald; Terpstra, Annick; Waterman, S; Valdimarsson, H; Weiss, A; Almansi, M; Bahr, F; Brakstad, Ailin; Barrell, C; Brooke, JK; Brooks, BJ; Brooks, IM; Brooks, ME; Bruvik, Erik Magnus; Duscha, Christiane; Fer, Ilker; Golid, Heidi M.; Hallerstig, Matilda; Hessevik, Idar; Huang, J; Houghton, L; Jonsson, S; Jonassen, Marius Opsanger; Jackson, Kristin; Kvalsund, Karsten; Kolstad, Erik Wilhelm; Konstali, Kjersti; Kristiansen, Jørn; Ladkin, R; Lin, P; MacRander, A; Mitchell, A; Olafsson, H; Pacini, A; Payne, C; Palmason, B; Perez-Hernandez, MD; Peterson, Algot Kristoffer; Petersen, GN; Pisareva, MN; Pope, JO; Seidl, Andrew; Semper, Stefanie; Sergeev, D; Skjelsvik, Silje; Søiland, Henrik; Smith, D; Spall, MA; Spengler, Thomas; Touzeau, Alexandra; Tupper, G; Weng, Yongbiao; Williams, KD; Yang, X; Zhou, Shenjie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Iceland Greenland Seas Project (IGP) is a coordinated atmosphere–ocean research program investigating climate processes in the source region of the densest waters of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. ...
    • The Iceland-Faroe Slope Jet: a conduit for dense water toward the Faroe Bank Channel overflow 

      Semper, Stefanie; Pickart, Robert S.; Våge, Kjetil; Larsen, Karin Margretha H.; Hátún, Hjálmar; Hansen, Bogi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Dense water from the Nordic Seas passes through the Faroe Bank Channel and supplies the lower limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, a critical component of the climate system. Yet, the upstream pathways ...
    • Ocean convection linked to the recent ice edge retreat along east Greenland 

      Våge, Kjetil; Papritz, Lukas; Håvik, Lisbeth; Spall, Michael A.; Moore, George William Kent (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-03-29)
      Warm subtropical-origin Atlantic water flows northward across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge into the Nordic Seas, where it relinquishes heat to the atmosphere and gradually transforms into dense Atlantic-origin water. ...
    • A revised ocean glider concept to realize Stommel's vision and supplement Argo floats 

      Bruvik, Erik Magnus; Fer, Ilker; Våge, Kjetil; Haugan, Peter M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-02)
      This paper revisits Stommel's vision for a global glider network and the Argo design specification. A concept of floats with wings, so-called slow underwater gliders, is explored. An analysis of the energy or power consumption ...
    • Upstream sources of the Denmark Strait Overflow: Observations from a high-resolution mooring array 

      Harden, Benjamin E.; Pickart, Robert S.; Valdimarsson, Héðinn; Våge, Kjetil; de Steur, Laura; Richards, Clark; Bahr, Frank; Torres, Dan; Børve, Eli; Jónsson, Steingrímur; Macrander, Andreas; Østerhus, Svein; Håvik, Lisbeth; Hattermann, Tore (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We present the first results from a densely instrumented mooring array upstream of the Denmark Strait sill, extending from the Iceland shelfbreak to the Greenland shelf. The array was deployed from September 2011 to July ...
    • Water mass transformation in the Greenland Sea during the period 1986-2016 

      Brakstad, Ailin; Våge, Kjetil; Håvik, Lisbeth; Moore, G.W.K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-01)
      Hydrographic measurements from ships, autonomous profiling floats, and instrumented seals over the period 1986–2016 are used to examine the temporal variability in open-ocean convection in the Greenland Sea during winter. ...
    • Water mass transformation in the Iceland Sea 

      Våge, Kjetil; Moore, George William Kent; Jónsson, Steingrímur; Valdimarsson, Héðinn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      The water mass transformation that takes place in the Iceland Sea during winter is investigated using historical hydrographic data and atmospheric reanalysis fields. Surface densities exceeding σθ ¼ 27:8 kg=m3, and hence ...