• Antibiotic treatment In patients with chronic low back pain and Modic changes (the AIM study): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial 

      Storheim, Kjersti; Espeland, Ansgar; Grøvle, Lars; Skouen, Jan Sture; Assmus, Jörg; Anke, Audny; Froholdt, Anne; Pedersen, LM; Haugen, AJ; Fors, Terese; Schistad, Ellina Iordanova; Lutro, Olav; Marchand, Gunn Hege; Kadar, Thomas; Vetti, Nils; Randen, Solfrid; Nygaard, Øystein Petter; Brox, Jens Ivar; Grotle, Margreth; Zwart, JA (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-12-15)
      Background: A previous randomised controlled trial (RCT) of patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) and vertebral bone marrow (Modic) changes (MCs) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), reported that a 3-month, high-dose ...
    • Are MRI high-signal changes of alar and transverse ligaments in acute whiplash injury related to outcome? 

      Vetti, Nils; Kråkenes, Jostein; Eide, Geir Egil; Rørvik, Jarle; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Espeland, Ansgar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2010-11-11)
      Background: Upper neck ligament high-signal changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been found in patients with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) but also in non-injured controls. The clinical relevance of such ...
    • Are two readers more reliable than one? A study of upper neck ligament scoring on magnetic resonance images 

      Espeland, Ansgar; Vetti, Nils; Kråkenes, Jostein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-01-17)
      Background: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies typically employ either a single expert or multiple readers in collaboration to evaluate (read) the image results. However, no study has examined whether evaluations ...
    • The effect of infliximab in patients with chronic low back pain and Modic changes (the BackToBasic study): study protocol of a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial 

      Gjefsen, Elisabeth; Bråten, Lars Christian Haugli; Goll, Guro Løvik; Wigemyr, Monica; Bolstad, Nils; Valberg, Morten; Schistad, Ellina Iordanova; Marchand, Gunn Hege; Granviken, Fredrik; Selmer, Kaja Kristine; Johanessen, Anne Froholdt; Haugen, Anne Julsrud; Dagestad, Magnhild Hammersland; Vetti, Nils; Bakland, Gunnstein; Lie, Benedicte Alexandra; Haavardsholm, Espen A.; Nilsen, Aksel Thuv; Holmgard, Thor Einar; Kadar, Thomas; Kvien, Tore Kristian; Skouen, Jan Sture; Grøvle, Lars; Brox, Jens Ivar; Espeland, Ansgar; Storheim, Kjersti; Zwart, John-Anker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Low back pain is common and a significant number of patients experience chronic low back pain. Current treatment options offer small to moderate effects. Patients with vertebral bone marrow lesions visualized ...
    • Efficacy of antibiotic treatment in patients with chronic low back pain and Modic changes (the AIM study): double blind, randomised, placebo controlled, multicentre trial 

      Bråten, Lars Christian Haugli; Rolfsen, Mads Peder; Espeland, Ansgar; Wigemyr, Monica; Assmus, Jörg; Froholdt, Anne; Haugen, Anne Julsrud; Marchand, Gunn Hege; Kristoffersen, Per M; Lutro, Olav; Randen, Sigrun; Wilhelmsen, Maja; Winsvold, Bendik K S; Kadar, Thomas; Holmgard, Thor Einar; Vigeland, Maria Dehli; Vetti, Nils; Nygaard, Øystein Petter; Lie, Benedicte Alexandra; Hellum, Christian; Anke, Audny; Grotle, Margreth; Schistad, Ellina Iordanova; Skouen, Jan Sture; Grøvle, Lars; Brox, Jens Ivar; Zwart, John-Anker; Storheim, Kjersti (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Objective To assess the efficacy of three months of antibiotic treatment compared with placebo in patients with chronic low back pain, previous disc herniation, and vertebral endplate changes (Modic changes). Design Double ...
    • Oedema on STIR modified the effect of amoxicillin as treatment for chronic low back pain with Modic changes—subgroup analysis of a randomized trial 

      Kristoffersen, Per M; Bråten, Lars Christian Haugli; Vetti, Nils; Grøvle, Lars; Hellum, Christian; Storheim, Kjersti; Zwart, John-Anker; Assmus, Jörg; Espeland, Ansgar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Objective To evaluate potential MRI-defined effect modifiers of amoxicillin treatment in patients with chronic low back pain and type 1 or 2 Modic changes (MCs) at the level of a previous lumbar disc herniation (index ...
    • Short tau inversion recovery MRI of Modic changes: a reliability study 

      Kristoffersen, Per M; Vetti, Nils; Storheim, Kjersti; Bråten, Lars Christian Haugli; Rolfsen, Mads Peder; Assmus, Jörg; Espeland, Ansgar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Limited reliability data exist for evaluation of spinal edema changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with short tau inversion recovery (STIR) sequences. Purpose To assess the inter-observer reliability ...