• AME: A Cross-Scale Constellation of CubeSats to Explore Magnetic Reconnection in the Solar–Terrestrial Relation 

      Dai, Lei; Wang, Chi; Cai, Zhiming; Gonzalez, Walter D.; Hesse, Michael; Escoubet, Philippe; Phan, Tai D.; Vasyliunas, Vytenis; Lu, Quanming; Li, Lei; Kong, Linggao; Dunlop, Malcolm W.; Nakamura, Rumi; He, Jianshen; Fu, Huishan; Zhou, M.; Huang, Shiyong; Wang, Rongsheng; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Graham, D. B.; Retinò, Alessandro; Zelenyi, Lev; Grigorenko, Elena E.; Runov, Andrei; Angelopoulos, Vassilis; Kepko, Larry; Hwang, Kyoung-Joo; Zhang, Yongcun (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A major subset of solar–terrestrial relations, responsible, in particular, for the driver of space weather phenomena, is the interaction between the Earth's magnetosphere and the solar wind. As one of the most important ...
    • Influence of solar wind energy flux on the interannual variability of ENSO in the subsequent year 

      He, Shengping; Wang, Hui-Jun; Gao, Yongqi; Li, Fei; Li, Hui; Wang, Chi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Previous studies have tended to adopt the quasi-decadal variability of the solar cycle (e.g. sunspot number (SSN) or solar radio flux at 10.7 cm (F10.7) to investigate the effect of solar activity on El Niño–Southern ...
    • Multiple transpolar auroral arcs reveal insight about coupling processes in the Earth’s magnetotail 

      Zhang, Qing-He; Zhang, Yong-Liang; Wang, Chi; Lockwood, Michael; Yang, Hui-Gen; Tang, Bin-Bin; Xing, Zan-Yang; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Lyons, Larry R.; Ma, Yu-Zhang; Zong, Qiu-Gang; Moen, Jøran Idar; Xia, Li-Dong (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A distinct class of aurora, called transpolar auroral arc (TPA) (in some cases called “theta” aurora), appears in the extremely high-latitude ionosphere of the Earth when interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) is northward. ...
    • Quantification of Cold-Ion Beams in a Magnetic Reconnection Jet 

      Li, Yu-Xuan; Li, Wen-Ya; Tang, Bin-Bin; Norgren, C.; He, Jian-Sen; Wang, Chi; Zong, Qiu-Gang; Toledo-Redondo, S.; André, M.; Chappell, C.; Dargent, J.; Fuselier, S.A.; Glocer, A.; Graham, D.B.; Haaland, S.; Kistler, L.; Lavraud, B.; Moore, T.E.; Tenfjord, P.; Vines, S.K.; Burch, J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Cold (few eV) ions of ionospheric origin are widely observed in the lobe region of Earth’s magnetotail and can enter the ion jet region after magnetic reconnection is triggered in the magnetotail. Here, we investigate a ...
    • Solar-wind–magnetosphere energy influences the interannual variability of the northern-hemispheric winter climate 

      He, Shengping; Wang, Huijun; Li, Fei; Li, Hui; Wang, Chi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Solar irradiance has been universally acknowledged to be dominant by quasi-decadal variability, which has been adopted frequently to investigate its effect on climate decadal variability. As one major terrestrial energy ...