• GPS Scintillations and TEC Variations in Association With a Polar Cap Arc 

      Wang, Yong; Cao, Zheng; Xing, Zan-Yang; Zhang, Qing-He; Jayachandran, P.T.; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Balan, Nanan; Shiokawa, Kazuo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      A unique example of a polar cap arc producing clear amplitude and phase scintillations in GPS L-band signals is presented using observations from an all-sky imager and a GPS receiver and a digital ionosonde at Resolute Bay ...
    • Multiple transpolar auroral arcs reveal insight about coupling processes in the Earth’s magnetotail 

      Zhang, Qing-He; Zhang, Yong-Liang; Wang, Chi; Lockwood, Michael; Yang, Hui-Gen; Tang, Bin-Bin; Xing, Zan-Yang; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Lyons, Larry R.; Ma, Yu-Zhang; Zong, Qiu-Gang; Moen, Jøran Idar; Xia, Li-Dong (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A distinct class of aurora, called transpolar auroral arc (TPA) (in some cases called “theta” aurora), appears in the extremely high-latitude ionosphere of the Earth when interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) is northward. ...
    • A space hurricane over the Earth’s polar ionosphere 

      Zhang, Qing-He; Zhang, Yong-Liang; Wang, Chi; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Lyons, Larry R.; Lockwood, Michael; Yang, Hui-Gen; Tang, Bin-Bin; Moen, Jøran Idar; Xing, Zan-Yang; Ma, Yu-Zhang; Wang, Xiang-Yu; Ning, Ya-Fei; Xia, Li-Dong (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      In Earth’s low atmosphere, hurricanes are destructive due to their great size, strong spiral winds with shears, and intense rain/precipitation. However, disturbances resembling hurricanes have not been detected in Earth’s ...
    • Statistical Study of the Relationship Between Ion Upflow and Field-Aligned Current in the Topside Ionosphere for Both Hemispheres During Geomagnetic Disturbed and Quiet Time 

      Ma, Yu-Zhang; Zhang, Qing-He; Jayachandran, Periyadan T.; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Lyons, Lawrence R.; Xing, Zan-Yang; Zhou, Shan-Yu; Hairston, Marc; Wang, Yong (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A statistical study of ion upflow and field‐aligned currents (FACs) has been performed in the topside ionosphere of both hemispheres for magnetic quiet and disturbed times by using DMSP satellite observations from 2010–2013. ...