• Arctic sea ice and Eurasian climate: A review 

      Gao, Yongqi; Sun, Jianqi; Li, Fei; He, Shengping; Sandven, Stein; Yan, Qing; Zhang, Zhongshi; Lohmann, Katja; Keenlyside, Noel; Furevik, Tore; Suo, Lingling (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-11-28)
      The Arctic plays a fundamental role in the climate system and has shown significant climate change in recent decades, including the Arctic warming and decline of Arctic sea-ice extent and thickness. In contrast to the ...
    • Equilibrium simulations of Marine Isotope Stage 3 climate 

      Guo, Chuncheng; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Bentsen, Mats; Bethke, Ingo; Zhang, Zhongshi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-06-26)
      An equilibrium simulation of Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS3) climate with boundary conditions characteristic of Greenland Interstadial 8 (GI-8; 38 kyr BP) is carried out with the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM). A ...
    • Increased ventilation of Antarctic deep water during the warm mid-Pliocene 

      Zhang, Zhongshi; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Ninnemann, Ulysses Silas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-02-19)
      The mid-Pliocene warm period is a recent warm geological period that shares similarities with predictions of future climate. It is generally held the mid-Pliocene Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation must have been ...
    • Large-scale features of Last Interglacial climate: results from evaluating the lig127k simulations for the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6)–Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project (PMIP4) 

      Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C.; Zhao, Anni; Brierley, Chris M.; Axford, Yarrow; Capron, Emilie; Govin, Aline; Hoffman, Jeremy S.; Isaacs, Elizabeth; Kageyama, Masa; Scussolini, Paolo; Tzedakis, Polychronis C.; Williams, Charles J.R.; Wolff, Eric W.; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Braconnot, Pascale; Ramos Buarque, Silvana; Cao, Jian; de Vernal, Anne; Vittoria Guarino, Maria; Guo, Chuncheng; Legrande, Allegra N.; Lohmann, Gerrit; Meissner, Katrin J.; Menviel, Laurie; Morozova, Polina A.; Nisancioglu, Kerim H.; O'Ishi, Ryouta; Mélia, David Salas Y.; Shi, Xaoxu; Sicard, Marie; Sime, Louise C.; Stepanek, Christian; Tomas, Robert A.; Volodin, Evgeny; Yeung, Nicholas K.H.; Zhang, Qiong; Zhang, Zhongshi; Zheng, Weipeng (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The modeling of paleoclimate, using physically based tools, is increasingly seen as a strong out-of-sample test of the models that are used for the projection of future climate changes. New to the Coupled Model Intercomparison ...
    • Lessons from a high-CO2 world: an ocean view from  ∼ 3 million years ago 

      McClymont, Erin L.; Ford, Heather; Ho, Sze Ling; Tindall, Julia C.; Haywood, Alan M.; Alonso-Garcia, Montserrat; Bailey, Ian; Berke, Melissa A.; Littler, Kate; Patterson, Molly O.; Petrick, Benjamin; Peterse, Francien; Ravelo, Ana Christina; Risebrobakken, Bjørg; De Schepper, Stijn; Swann, George E. A.; Kaustubh, Thirumalai; Tierney, Jessica E; Van der Weijst, Carolien; white, sarah; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Brady, Esther C.; Chan, Wing-Le; Chandan, Deepak; Ran, Feng; Guo, Chenchen Guo; von der Heydt, Anna S.; Stephen, Hunter; Xiangyi, Li; Lohmann, Gerrit; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Peltier, Richard W.; Stepanek, Christian; Zhang, Zhongshi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A range of future climate scenarios are projected for high atmospheric CO2 concentrations, given uncertainties over future human actions as well as potential environmental and climatic feedbacks. The geological record ...
    • A multi-model CMIP6-PMIP4 study of Arctic sea ice at 127 ka: sea ice data compilation and model differences 

      Kageyama, Masa; Sime, Louise C.; Sicard, Marie; Guarino, Maria-Vittoria; De Vernal, A; Stein, Ruediger; Schroeder, david; Malmierca-Vallet, Irene; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Bitz, Cecilia M.; Braconnot, Pascale; Brady, Esther C.; Cao, Jian; Chamberlain, Matthew; Feltham, Danny; Guo, Chuncheng; Legrande, Allegra N.; Lohmann, Gerrit; Meissner, Katrin; Menviel, Laurie; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; O'ishi, Ryouta; Ramos Buarque, Silvan; Salas y Mélia, David; Sherriff-Tadano, Sam; Stroeve, Julienne C.; Shi, Xiaoxu; Sun, Bo; Thomas, Robert; Volodin, Evgeny; Yeung, Nicholas K.H.; Zhang, Qiong; Zhang, Zhongshi; Zheng, Weipeng; Ziehn, Tilo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Last Interglacial period (LIG) is a period with increased summer insolation at high northern latitudes, which results in strong changes in the terrestrial and marine cryosphere. Understanding the mechanisms for this ...
    • Overview of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) and key climate response of CMIP6 DECK, historical, and scenario simulations 

      Seland, Øyvind; Bentsen, Mats; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Toniazzo, Thomas; Gjermundsen, Ada; Graff, Lise Seland; Debernard, Jens Boldingh; Gupta, Alok Kumar; He, Yan-Chun; Kirkevåg, Alf; Schwinger, Jörg; Tjiputra, Jerry; Aas, Kjetil Schanke; Bethke, Ingo; Fan, Yuanchao; Griesfeller, Jan; Grini, Alf; Guo, Chuncheng; Ilicak, Mehmet; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Landgren, Oskar Andreas; Liakka, Johan; Moseid, Kine Onsum; Nummelin, Aleksi; Spensberger, Clemens; Tang, Hui; Zhang, Zhongshi; Heinze, Christoph; Iversen, Trond; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      The second version of the coupled Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) is presented and evaluated. NorESM2 is based on the second version of the Community Earth System Model (CESM2) and shares with CESM2 the computer ...