• A 115,000-year-old expedient bone technology at Lingjing, Henan, China 

      Doyon, Luc; Li, Z; Wang, H; Geis, L; d'Errico, Francesco (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Activities attested since at least 2.6 Myr, such as stone knapping, marrow extraction, and woodworking may have allowed early hominins to recognize the technological potential of discarded skeletal remains and equipped ...
    • Assessing the photoprotective effects of red ochre on human skin by in vitro laboratory experiments 

      Rifkin, Riaan; d'Errico, Francesco; Dayet-Boulliot, Laure; Summers, Beverley (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-03-27)
      Archaeological indicators of cognitive complexity become increasingly prevalent during the African Middle Stone Age, with the habitual exploitation of red ochre widely viewed as a key feature of the emergence of modern ...
    • Characterization of bone surface modifications on an Early to Middle Pleistocene bird assemblage from Mata Menge (Flores, Indonesia) using multifocus and confocal microscopy 

      Meijer, Hanneke; d'Errico, Francesco; Queffelec, Alain; Kurniawan, Iwan; Setiabudi, Erick; Sutisna, Indra; Brumm, Adam; Van Den Bergh, Gerrit D. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-09-01)
      Island Southeast Asia (ISEA) is a key region for the study of human evolution. New fossil and archaeological evidence, from several islands, suggests an Early to Middle Pleistocene colonisation date by hominins. A taphonomic ...
    • Earliest human burial in Africa 

      Martinon-Torres, Maria; d'Errico, Francesco; Santos, Elena; Alvaro Gallo, Ana; Amano, Noel; Archer, William; Armitage, Simon James; Arsuaga, Juan luis; Bermudez de Castro, Jose María; Blinkhorn, James; Crowther, Alison; Douka, Katerina; Dubernet, Stéphan; Faulkner, Patrick; Fernández-Colón, Pilar; Kourampas, Nikos; González García, Jorge; Larreina, David; Le Bourdonnec, François-Xavier; MacLeod, George; Martín-Francés, Laura; Massilani, Diyendo; Mercader, Julio; Miller, Jennifer M.; Ndiema, Emmanuel; Notario, Belén; Marti, Africa Pitarch; Prendergast, Mary E.; Queffelec, Alain; Rigaud, Solange; Roberts, Patrick; Shoaee, Mohammad Javad; Shipton, Ceri; Simpson, Ian; Boivin, Nicole; Petraglia, Michael D. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The origin and evolution of hominin mortuary practices are topics of intense interest and debate1,2,3. Human burials dated to the Middle Stone Age (MSA) are exceedingly rare in Africa and unknown in East Africa1,2,3,4,5,6. ...
    • An ecological niche shift for Neanderthal populations in Western Europe 70,000 years ago 

      Banks, William E.; Moncel, Marie-Helene; Raynal, J.P.; Cobos, MC; Romero-Alvarez, D; woillez, M-N; Faivre, Jean-Philippe; Gravina, Brad; d'Errico, Francesco; Locht, Jean-Luc; Santos, Frédéric (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Middle Paleolithic Neanderthal populations occupied Eurasia for at least 250,000 years prior to the arrival of anatomically modern humans. While a considerable body of archaeological research has focused on Neanderthal ...
    • Engraved bones from the archaic hominin site of Lingjing,Henan Province 

      Li, Zhanyang; Doyon, Luc; Li, Hao; Wang, Quiang; Zhang, zhongqiang; Zhao, Qingpo; d'Errico, Francesco (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The production of abstract engravings is considered an indicator of modern human cognition and a means for the long-term recording and transmission of information. This article reports the discovery of two engraved bones ...
    • Last Interglacial Iberian Neandertals as Fisher-Hunter-Gatherers 

      Zilhao, J; Angelucci, Diego; Araujo Igregia, M; Arnold, LJ; Badal, E; Callapez, P; Cardoso, JL; d'Errico, Francesco; Daura, J; Demuro, Martina; Deschamps, M; Dupont, Catherine; Gabriel, S; Hoffmann, Dirk L.; Legoinha, Paulo; Matias, Henrique; Monge Soares, A. M.; Nabais, Mariana; Portela, Paulo J. C.; Queffelec, Alain; Rodrigues, Filipe; Souto, Pedro (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Marine food–reliant subsistence systems such as those in the African Middle Stone Age (MSA) were not thought to exist in Europe until the much later Mesolithic. Whether this apparent lag reflects taphonomic biases or ...
    • Manganese and iron oxide use at Combe-Grenal (Dordogne, France): A proxy for cultural change in Neanderthal communities 

      Dayet, Laure; Faivre, Jean-Philippe; Le Bourdonnec, F.X.; Discamps, Emmanuel; Royer, Aurélien; Claud, Emilie; Lahaye, Christelle; cantin, Nadia; Tartar, Elise; Queffelec, Alain; Gravina, Brad; Turq, Alain; d'Errico, Francesco (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Neanderthal material culture patterning in Western Europe has been primarily approached from retouched stone tools and associated flake production methods. While considerable effort has been devoted over the past decade ...
    • New evidence of bone tool use by Early Pleistocene hominins from Cooper’s D, Bloubank Valley, South Africa 

      Hanon, Raphael; d'Errico, Francesco; Backwell, Lucinda R.; Prat, Sandrine; Pean, S; Pathou-Mathis, M (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Bone tool-use by Early Pleistocene hominins is at the centre of debates in human evolution. It is especially the case in South Africa, where 102 bone tools have been described from four Early Stone Age archaeological sites, ...
    • A Palaeolithic bird figurine from the Lingjing site, Henan, China 

      Li, Z; Doyon, Luc; Fang, Hui; Ledevin, Ronan; Queffelec, Alain; Raguin, Emilie; d'Errico, Francesco (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-10)
      The recent identification of cave paintings dated to 42–40 ka BP in Borneo and Sulawesi highlights the antiquity of painted representations in this region. However, no instances of three-dimensional portable art, well ...
    • Provenance, modification and use of manganese-rich rocks at Le Moustier (Dordogne, France) 

      Pitarch Marti, Africa; d'Errico, Francesco; Turq, Alain; Lebraud, E; Discamps, Emmanuel; Gravina, Brad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-17)
      The use of colouring materials by Neanderthals has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years. Here we present a taphonomic, technological, chemical-mineralogical and functional analysis of fifty-four manganese ...
    • Quantitative methods demonstrate that environment alone is an insufficient predictor of present-day language distributions in New Guinea 

      Antunes, Nicolas; Schiefenhövel, W; d'Errico, Francesco; Banks, William E.; Vanhaeren, Marian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Environmental parameters constrain the distributions of plant and animal species. A key question is to what extent does environment influence human behavior. Decreasing linguistic diversity from the equator towards the ...
    • Trajectories of cultural innovation from the Middle to Later Stone Age in Eastern Africa: Personal ornaments, bone artifacts, and ocher from Panga ya Saidi, Kenya 

      d'Errico, Francesco; Pitarch Marti, Africa; Shipton, Ceri; Le Vraux, Emma; Ndiema, Emmanuel; Goldstein, Steven; Petraglia, Michael D.; Boivin, Nicole (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-09)
      African Middle Stone Age (MSA) populations used pigments, manufactured and wore personal ornaments, made abstract engravings, and produced fully shaped bone tools. However, ongoing research across Africa reveals variability ...
    • Variability in Middle Stone Age symbolic traditions: The marine shell beads from Sibudu Cave, South Africa 

      Vanhaeren, Marian; Wadley, Lyn; d'Errico, Francesco (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Located in the KwaZulu-Natal, 15 km from the coast, Sibudu has yielded twenty-three marine gastropods, nine of which are perforated. At 70.5 ± 2.0 ka, in a Still Bay Industry, there is a cluster of perforated Afrolittorina ...
    • Zhoukoudian Upper Cave personal ornaments and ochre: Rediscovery and reevaluation 

      d'Errico, Francesco; Pitarch Martí, Africa; Wei, Yi; Gao, Xing; Vanhaeren, Marian; Doyon, Luc (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Personal ornaments have become a key cultural proxy to investigate cognitive evolution, modern human dispersal, and population dynamics. Here, we reassess personal ornaments found at Zhoukoudian Upper Cave and compare them ...