Bidimensionality and Kernels
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionSIAM journal on computing (Print). 2020, 49(6), 1397–1422 10.1137/16M1080264
Bidimensionality theory was introduced by [E. D. Demaine et al., J. ACM, 52 (2005), pp. 866--893] as a tool to obtain subexponential time parameterized algorithms on H-minor-free graphs. In [E. D. Demaine and M. Hajiaghayi, Bidimensionality: New connections between FPT algorithms and PTASs, in Proceedings of the 16th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA), SIAM, Philadelphia, 2005, pp. 590--601] this theory was extended in order to obtain polynomial time approximation schemes (PTASs) for bidimensional problems. In this work, we establish a third meta-algorithmic direction for bidimensionality theory by relating it to the existence of linear kernels for parameterized problems. In particular, we prove that every minor (resp., contraction) bidimensional problem that satisfies a separation property and is expressible in Countable Monadic Second Order Logic (CMSO) admits a linear kernel for classes of graphs that exclude a fixed graph (resp., an apex graph) H as a minor. Our results imply that a multitude of bidimensional problems admit linear kernels on the corresponding graph classes. For most of these problems no polynomial kernels on H-minor-free graphs were known prior to our work.