In peace and war: Birth control and population policies in Norway (1930-1945)
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonContinuity and Change. 2020, 35(3), 345–369 10.1017/S0268416020000235
While Norway in the 1930s had relatively liberal policies with regard to access to contraceptives, and an increasing number of legal abortions were carried out, the regime that was installed after occupation in 1940 reined them in, fuelled not only by Nazi ideology but by what new the regime saw as a most threatening population decrease. With reference to population policies in other West-European countries, this article compares Norwegian population policies under occupation with that of the 1930s, discusses if the policy towards all groups were the same, and the extent to which the new policies contributed to increasing birth rates in occupied Norway.