A multilevel model of job insecurity and engagement
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJournal of Managerial Psychology. 2020, 35 (7-8), 529-541. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMP-02-2020-0089
Purpose The purpose of this current study was to investigate the moderating effect of autonomy (individual-level job resource) and social supportive climate (group-level job resource) on the negative relationship between job insecurity and work engagement. Design/methodology/approach Cross-sectional data were gathered and analyzed using hierarchical linear modeling from 3,812 participants nested in 116 work units. Findings A significant interaction between job insecurity and autonomy offered support for the buffering hypothesis of autonomy. Hypotheses regarding both the direct and the buffering effect of social supportive climate were also supported, suggesting that shared perceptions of a supportive environment can reduce the negative impact of job insecurity on work engagement. Practical implications Focus on unit climate can aid practitioners in designing interventions that take into account the effects, and make use of resources that are shared in the work-group. Originality/value This study extends the job demands-resources theory, showing that resources exist not only at the level of the individual but also a group-level phenomenon, and interact with demands across levels.