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dc.contributor.authorTenfjord, Paul
dc.contributor.authorHesse, Michael
dc.contributor.authorNorgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia
dc.contributor.authorSpinnangr, Susanne Flø
dc.contributor.authorKolstø, Håkon Midthun
dc.contributor.authorKwagala, Norah Kaggwa
dc.description.abstractWe employ a 2.5D particle-in-cell simulation to study a scenario where the reconnection process captures cold streaming protons. As soon as the tailward streaming protons become involved, they contribute to the overall momentum balance, altering the initially symmetric dynamics. Adding tailward-directed momentum to the reconnection process results in a tailward propagation of the reconnection site. We investigate how the reconnection process reorganizes itself due to the changing momentum conditions on the kinetic scale and how the reconnection rate is affected. We find that adding tailward momentum does not result in a significantly different reconnection rate compared to the case without cold streaming protons, when scaled to the total Alfvén velocity. This implies that the effect of changing inflow conditions due to the motion of the reconnection site appears to be minimal. The dynamics of the particles are, however, significantly different depending on whether they enter on the tailward or Earthward side of the reconnection site. On the Earthward side they are reflected and thermalized, while on the tailward side they are picked up and accelerated. The cold proton density and Ez on the Earthward side are turbulent, while the tailward side has laminar cold proton density striations and an embedded Ez layer. Also, since the initial plasma sheet population is swept up on one side and flushed out on the other, asymmetries in the densities and strength of Hall fields emerge. Our results are important for understanding the development and dynamics of magnetospheric substorms and storms.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleInteraction of Cold Streaming Protons with the Reconnection Processen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2020. The Authors.en_US
dc.source.journalJournal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Space Physicsen_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2020, 125 (6), e2019JA027619.en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal