Annexin A2 binds the internal ribosomal entry site of c-myc mRNA and regulates its translation
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionRNA Biology. 2021. 10.1080/15476286.2021.1947648
The expression and localization of the oncoprotein c-Myc is highly regulated at the level of transcription, mRNA transport, translation, as well as stability of the protein. We previously showed that Annexin A2 (AnxA2) binds to a specific localization element in the 3ʹuntranslated region (UTR) of c-myc mRNA and is involved in its localization to the perinuclear region. In the present study, we demonstrate that AnxA2 binds in a Ca2+-dependent manner to the internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) containing two pseudo-knots in the 5´UTR of the c-myc mRNA. Here, we employ an in vitro rabbit reticulocyte lysate system with chimeric c-myc reporter mRNAs to demonstrate that binding of AnxA2 to the c-myc IRES modulates the expression of c-Myc. Notably, we show that low levels of AnxA2 appear to increase, while high levels of AnxA2 inhibits translation of the chimeric mRNA. However, when both the AnxA2-binding site and the ribosomal docking site in the c-myc IRES are deleted, AnxA2 has no effect on the translation of the reporter mRNA. Forskolin-treatment of PC12 cells results in upregulation of Ser25 phosphorylated AnxA2 expression while c-Myc expression is down-regulated. The effect of forskolin on c-Myc expression and the level of Ser25 phosphorylated AnxA2 was abolished in the presence of EGTA. These findings indicate that AnxA2 regulates both the transport and subsequent translation of the c-myc mRNA, possibly by silencing the mRNA during its transport. They also suggest that AnxA2 act as a switch to turn off the c-myc IRES activity in the presence of calcium.