Current Status of Intravesical Therapies for Bladder Pain Syndrome (BPS): A Narrative Review of Emerging Evidence
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionUrology. 2021, 156, e48-e57. 10.1016/j.urology.2021.05.042
Bladder pain syndrome (BPS) is a complex condition, which can have debilitating sequelae for patients. Many elements of BPS remain poorly understood including pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment. Navigating patient care can therefore be challenging for the clinician. Management mandates a multidisciplinary and symptom-based approach. Intravesical treatments such as instillation therapies remain a cornerstone of most treatment algorithms and there are a range of agents that can be selected. This review offers an up-to-date evaluation of the evidence for these intravesical treatments.