Palmyrena. Palmyra and the Surrounding Territory. Joint Syrian-Norwegian Project. Surface Survey North of Palmyra, April and May 2009. Preliminary Report, Prehistoric Periods
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The prehistoric team has been surveying along the southern edge of Jebel Abyad, Wadi al- Takara and Jebel Abyad, all within the concession area. The team has survey and registered the following; 1) cisterns 2) caves of various intensity and period 3) rockshelters of various intensity and period 4) open-air sites of various intensity and period 5) cairns The tendency so far which is worth noting is the following; 1) There are a number of small rockshelters along the southern foot of Jebel Abyad, which has been used probably during Pre-Pottery Neolithic and Pottery Neolithic. All the shelters are facing towards the plain of al-Diwa. The same pattern is also seen in the northern part of Wadi al-Takara, where similar rockshelters and material has been recorded. The material consist sof blade production as well as arrowheads. 2) The mountain of Jebel Abbyad has been use for hunting wild game close to the cliff edge towards Wadi Abyad. Similar rockshelters and material has been found along the cliff, and is tentatively dated to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic and Pottery Neolithic base on the lithic material. 3) In Wadi al-Takara there are a substantial number of cairns, close to the wadi bottom, on the edges of the wadi plain and along the hills. In addition there are cairns along major routes through the mountains of Jebel Abyad. 4) Similarly is has been recorded in Wadi al-Masek, particularly the northern part – al- Matna, as well as the areas to the east and west of al-Matna along the mountain edge. 5) Further, it is worth noting and watching the developments in Wadi al-Takara, as they are threatening the cultural remains in the area.