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dc.contributor.authorKilale, Andrew Martinen_US
dc.contributor.authorNgadaya, Esther Stanslausen_US
dc.contributor.authorKagaruki, Gibson Benarden_US
dc.contributor.authorLema, Yakobo Leonarden_US
dc.contributor.authorMuhumuza, Juliusen_US
dc.contributor.authorNgowi, Bernard Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.authorMfinanga, Sayoki Godfrey M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHinderaker, Sven Gudmunden_US
dc.PublishedPLoS ONE 2015, 10:e0130180(6)eng
dc.description.abstractObjective The current study was conducted to assess experienced risk factors and perceptions of mycobacterial diseases in communities in northern Tanzania. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study in Arusha and Manyara regions in Northern Tanzania. We enrolled tuberculosis (TB) patients attending Mount Meru Hospital, Enduleni Hospital and Haydom Lutheran Hospitals in Arusha municipality, Ngorongoro and Mbulu districts, respectively. Patient addresses were recorded during their first visit to the hospitals. Patients with confirmed diagnosis of TB by sputum smear microscopy and/or culture at central laboratory were followed up and interviewed using pre-tested questionnaires, and selected relatives and neighbors were also interviewed. The study was conducted between June 2011 and May 2013. Results The study involved 164 respondents: 41(25%) were TB patients, 68(41.5%) were their relatives and 55(33.5%) their neighbors. Sixty four (39%) knew a risk factor for mycobacterial disease. Overall, 64(39%) perceived to be at risk of mycobacterial diseases. Exposure to potential risks of mycobacterial diseases were: keeping livestock, not boiling drinking water, large family, smoking and sharing dwelling with TB patients. Rural dwellers were more often livestock keepers (p<0.01), more often shared dwelling with livestock (p<0.01) than urban dwellers. More primary school leavers reported sharing dwelling with TB patients than participants with secondary and higher education (p = 0.01). Conclusion Livestock keeping, sharing dwelling with livestock, sharing household with a TB patient were perceived risk factors for mycobacterial diseases and the participants were exposed to some of these risk factors. Improving knowledge about the risk factors may protect them from these serious diseases.en_US
dc.relation.ispartof<a href="" target="_blank">Mycobacteria in northern Tanzania: Exposure and risk of disease among agropastoralists and programmatic challenges in investigation of re-treatment cases</a>
dc.rightsAttribution CC BY 4.0eng
dc.subjectVeterinary diseaseseng
dc.titleExperienced and perceived risks of mycobacterial diseases: A cross sectional study among agropastoral communities in northern Tanzaniaen_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2015 Kilale et al.
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Medisinske fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Epidemiologi medisinsk og odontologisk statistikk: 803
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Midical sciences: 700::Health sciences: 800::Epidemiology, medical and dental statistics: 803
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700en_US

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Attribution CC BY 4.0
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