• Cancellation of the precessional cycle in δ18O records during the Early Pleistocene 

      Morée, Anne; Sun, Tianyi; Bretones, Anaïs; Straume, Eivind Olavson; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Gebbie, Geoffrey (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The dominant pacing of glacial‐interglacial cycles in deep‐ocean δ18O records changed substantially during the Mid‐Pleistocene Transition. The precessional cycle (∼23 ky) is absent during the Early Pleistocene, which we ...
    • The Climate Response to Emissions Reductions Due to COVID-19: Initial Results From CovidMIP 

      Jones, Chris D.; Hickman, Jonathan; Rumbold, Steven T; Walton, Jeremy; Lamboll, Robin; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Fiedler, Stephanie; Forster, Piers M.; Rogelj, Joeri; Abe, Manabu; Botzet, Michael; Calvin, Katherine; Cassou, Christophe; Cole, Jason N S; Davini, Paolo; Deushi, Makoto; Dix, Martin; Fyfe, John; Gillett, Nathan P.; Ilyina, Tatiana; Kawamiya, Michio; Kelley, Maxwell; Kharin, Slava; Koshiro, Tsuyoshi; Li, Hongmei; MacKallah, Chloe; Müller, Wolfgang A.; Nabat, Pierre; Van Noije, Twan; Nolan, Paul; Ohgaito, Rumi; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Oshima, Naga; Parodi, Jose; Reerink, Thomas J.; Ren, Lili; Romanou, Anastasia; Séférian, Roland; Tang, Yangming; Timmreck, Claudia; Tjiputra, Jerry; Tourigny, Etienne; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Wang, Hailong; Wu, Mingxuan; Wyser, Klaus; Yang, Shuting; Yang, Yang; Ziehn, Tilo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Many nations responded to the corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic by restricting travel and other activities during 2020, resulting in temporarily reduced emissions of CO2, other greenhouse gases and ozone and ...
    • Collisionless Magnetic Reconnection in an Asymmetric Oxygen Density Configuration 

      Kolstø, Håkon Midthun; Hesse, Michael; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Tenfjord, Paul; Spinnangr, Susanne Flø; Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Combined with the magnetic field, the distribution of charged particles in the inflow region is expected to control the rate of magnetic reconnection. This paper investigates how the reconnection process is altered by a ...
    • Control of Barents Sea wintertime cyclone variability by large-scale atmospheric flow 

      Madonna, Erica; Hes, Gabriel; Li, Camille; Michel, Clio; Siew, Yu Feng (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Extratropical cyclones transport heat and moisture into the Arctic, which can promote surface warming and sea ice melt. We investigate wintertime cyclone variability in the Barents Sea region to understand what controls ...
    • Current models underestimate future irrigated areas 

      Saltelli, Andrea; Puy, Arnald; Lo Piano, Samuele (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Predictions of global irrigated areas are widely used to guide strategies that aim to secure environmental welfare and manage climate change. Here we show that these predictions, which range between 240 and 450 million ...
    • The Cusp as a VLF Saucer Source: First Rocket Observations of Long‐Duration VLF Saucers on the Dayside 

      Moser, Chrystal; LaBelle, James William; Hatch, Spencer Mark; Moen, Jøran Idar; Spicher, Andres; Takahashi, Toru; Kletzing, Craig A.; Bounds, Scott Randolph; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Sigernes, Fred; Yeoman, Timothy K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Auroral whistler‐mode radio emissions called saucers are of fundamental interest because they require an unusually stationary emission process in the dynamic auroral environment, and it is a mystery how that can happen in ...
    • Dayside Field-Aligned Current Impacts on Ionospheric Irregularities 

      Follestad, Anna Kristine Fæhn; Herlingshaw, Katie; Ghadjari, Hossein; Knudsen, David J.; McWilliams, Kathryn A.; Moen, Jøran Idar; Spicher, Andres; Wu, Jingjing; Oksavik, Kjellmar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) are subject to disturbances caused by plasma irregularities in the ionosphere. Studies have suggested that in addition to the gradient drift and Kelvin‐Helmholtz instabilities, ...
    • Dependence of Sudden Stratospheric Warmings on Internal and External Drivers 

      Salminen, Antti; Asikainen, T.; Maliniemi, Ville Aleksi; Mursula, K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) is a large-scale disturbance of the wintertime stratosphere, which occurs especially in the Northern Hemisphere. Earlier studies have shown that SSW occurrence depends on atmospheric ...
    • Diabatic Heating as a Pathway for Cyclone Clustering Encompassing the Extreme Storm Dagmar 

      Weijenborg, Christian; Spengler, Thomas (Journal article, 2020)
      Contrary to the general notion that extratropical cyclones reduce baroclinicity, the baroclinicity is found to be enhanced in the wake of the extreme winter storm Dagmar. Thus, individual storms can increase baroclinicity, ...
    • Early Holocene Temperature Oscillations Exceed Amplitude of Observed and Projected Warming in Svalbard Lakes 

      Bilt, Willem van der; D'Andrea, William J.; Werner, Johannes; Bakke, Jostein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Arctic climate is uniquely sensitive to ongoing warming. The feedbacks that drive this amplified response remain insufficiently quantified and misrepresented in model scenarios of future warming. Comparison with paleotemperature ...
    • Electron inflow velocities and reconnection rates at earth's magnetopause and magnetosheath 

      Burch, James L.; Webster, James M.; Hesse, Michael; Genestreti, Kevin J.; Denton, Richard E.; Phan, Tai D.; Hasegawa, Hiroshi; Cassak, Paul A.; Torbert, Roy B.; Giles, Barbara L.; Gershman, Daniel J.; Ergun, Robert E.; Russell, Christopher T.; Strangeway, Robert J.; Le Contel, Olivier; Pritchard, Kris R.; Marshall, Andrew T.; Hwang, Kyoung-Joo; Dokgo, Kyunghwan; Fuselier, Stephen A.; Chen, Li-Jen; Wang, Shan; Swisdak, Marc; Drake, James F.; Argall, Matthew R.; Trattner, Karlheinz J.; Yamada, Masaaki; Paschmann, Götz (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Electron inflow and outflow velocities during magnetic reconnection at and near the dayside magnetopause are measured using satellites from NASA's Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission. A case study is examined in detail, ...
    • Eurasian Cooling Linked to the Vertical Distribution of Arctic Warming 

      He, Shengping; Xu, Xinping; Furevik, Tore; Gao, Yongqi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Observations show that deep Arctic winter warming, extending from surface to mid‐troposphere, has concurred with below‐average temperature over central Eurasia. Modeling studies focusing on the response to Arctic sea ice ...
    • Exceptionally Warm and Prolonged Flow of Warm Deep Water Toward the Filchner‐Ronne Ice Shelf in 2017 

      Ryan, Svenja; Hellmer, Hartmut H.; Janout, Markus; Darelius, Elin Maria K.; Schröder, Michael; Vignes, Lucie (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf, fringing the southern Weddell Sea, is Antarctica's second largest ice shelf. At present, basal melt rates are low due to active dense water formation; however, model projections suggest a ...
    • Intensification of Near‐Surface Currents and Shear in the Eastern Arctic Ocean 

      Polyakov, Igor V.; Rippeth, Tom; Fer, Ilker; Baumann, Till Martin; Carmack, Eddy C.; Ivanov, Vladimir V.; Janout, Markus; Padman, Laurie; Pnyushkov, A.V.; Rember, Robert (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A 15‐year (2004–2018) record of mooring observations from the upper 50 m of the ocean in the eastern Eurasian Basin reveals increased current speeds and vertical shear, associated with an increasing coupling between wind, ...
    • Intermittent Reduction in Ocean Heat Transport Into the Getz Ice Shelf Cavity During Strong Wind Events 

      Steiger, Nadine; Darelius, Elin; Wåhlin, Anna; Assmann, Karen Margarete (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The flow of warm water toward the western Getz Ice Shelf along the Siple Trough, West Antarctica, is intermittently disrupted during short events of Winter Water deepening. Here we show, using mooring records, that these ...
    • Ion Behaviors in the Reconnection Diffusion Region of a Corrugated Magnetotail Current Sheet 

      Wang, Shan; Chen, Li-Jen; Bessho, Naoki; Hesse, Michael; Giles, Barbara L; Moore, Thomas E (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The current sheet structure and ion behaviors in a magnetotail reconnection diffusion region are investigated. The multispacecraft analysis suggests a corrugated current sheet structure, interpreted as due to a flapping ...
    • Magnetospheric Multiscale Observations of an Expanding Oxygen Wave in Magnetic Reconnection 

      Kolstø, Håkon Midthun; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Hesse, Michael; Chen, Li-Jen; Tenfjord, Paul; Spinnangr, Susanne Flø; Kwagala, Norah Kaggwa (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Heavier plasma species such as oxygen ions can have a large impact on the magnetic reconnection process. It has been hypothesized that the acceleration of demagnetized oxygen ions by the Hall electric field will lead to ...
    • Mechanisms underlying recent Arctic atlantification 

      Asbjørnsen, Helene; Årthun, Marius; Skagseth, Øystein; Eldevik, Tor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-20)
      Recent warming and reduced sea ice concentrations in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean are the main signatures of ongoing Arctic “Atlantification.” The mechanisms driving the warming trends are nevertheless still ...
    • MMS Measurements of the Vlasov Equation: Probing the Electron Pressure Divergence Within Thin Current Sheets 

      Shuster, JR; Gershman, Daniel J; Chen, LJ; Wang, S; Bessho, Naoki; Dorelli, John C; da Silva, DE; Giles, Barbara L; Paterson, William R.; Denton, Richard E; Schwartz, S. J.; Norgren, Astrid Elisabet Cecilia; Wilder, F.D.; Cassak, P.A.; Swisdak, M; Uritsky, Vadim; Schiff, C.; Rager, AC; Smith, S; Avanov, LA; Vinas, AF (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We investigate the kinetic structure of electron‐scale current sheets found in the vicinity of the magnetopause and embedded in the magnetosheath within the reconnection exhaust. A new technique for computing terms of the ...
    • MMS Observations of Multiscale Hall Physics in the Magnetotail 

      Alm, Love; André, Mats; Graham, Daniel B.; Khotyaintsev, Yuri V.; Vaivads, Andris; Chappell, Charles Richard; Dargent, Jérémy; Fuselier, Stephen A.; Haaland, Stein; Lavraud, Benoit; Li, Wenya; Tenfjord, Paul; Toledo-Redondo, Sergio; Vines, Sarah K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We present Magnetospheric Multiscale mission (MMS) observations of Hall physics in the magnetotail, which compared to dayside Hall physics is a relatively unexplored topic. The plasma consists of electrons, moderately cold ...