Computing cutwidth and pathwidth of semi-complete digraphs via degree orderings
Conference object, Peer reviewed, Journal article
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The notions of cutwidth and pathwidth of digraphs play a central role in the containment theory for tournaments, or more generally semi-complete digraphs, developed in a recent series of papers by Chudnovsky, Fradkin, Kim, Scott, and Seymour (Maria Chudnovsky, Alexandra Fradkin, and Paul Seymour, 2012; Maria Chudnovsky, Alex Scott, and Paul Seymour, 2011; Maria Chudnovsky and Paul D. Seymour, 2011; Alexandra Fradkin and Paul Seymour, 2010; Alexandra Fradkin and Paul Seymour, 2011; Ilhee Kim and Paul Seymour, 2012). In this work we introduce a new approach to computing these width measures on semi-complete digraphs, via degree orderings. Using the new technique we are able to reprove the main results of (Maria Chudnovsky, Alexandra Fradkin, and Paul Seymour, 2012; Alexandra Fradkin and Paul Seymour, 2011) in a unified and significantly simplified way, as well as obtain new results. First, we present polynomial-time approximation algorithms for both cutwidth and pathwidth, faster and simpler than the previously known ones; the most significant improvement is in case of pathwidth, where instead of previously known O(OPT)-approximation in fixed-parameter tractable time (Fedor V. Fomin and Michal Pilipczuk, 2013) we obtain a constant-factor approximation in polynomial time. Secondly, by exploiting the new set of obstacles for cutwidth and pathwidth, we show that topological containment and immersion in semi-complete digraphs can be tested in single-exponential fixed-parameter tractable time. Finally, we present how the new approach can be used to obtain exact fixed-parameter tractable algorithms for cutwidth and pathwidth, with single-exponential running time dependency on the optimal width.