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dc.contributor.authorMadah-Amiri, Desireeen_US
dc.contributor.authorClausen, Thomasen_US
dc.contributor.authorMyrmel, Larsen_US
dc.contributor.authorBrattebø, Guttormen_US
dc.contributor.authorLobmaier, Philipp Paulen_US
dc.PublishedMadah-Amiri D, Clausen T, Myrmel, Brattebø G, Lobmaier PP. Circumstances surrounding non-fatal opioid overdoses attended by ambulance services. Drug and Alcohol Review. 2017;36(3):288-294eng
dc.description.abstractIntroduction and Aims: Opioid overdose fatalities are a significant concern globally. Non-fatal overdoses have been described as a strong predictor for future overdoses, and are often attended by the ambulance services. This paper explores characteristics associated with non-fatal overdoses and aims to identify possible trends among these events in an urban area in Norway. Design and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of non-fatal overdoses from Bergen ambulance services from 2012 to 2013. Demographic, temporal and geographic data were explored. Results: During the two years, 463 non-fatal opioid overdoses were attended by ambulance services. Ambulance call-outs occurred primarily during the late afternoon and evening hours of weekdays. Summer months had more overdoses than other seasons, with a peak in August. Overdoses were nearly twice as likely to occur in a public location in August (risk ratio 1.92, P = 0.042). Ambulance response times were more likely to be longer to private locations, and these victims were more likely to be treated and left at the scene. There was no difference in arrival time for drug-related and non-drug related dispatch. Discussion and Conclusions: The temporal patterns suggest that non-fatal overdoses occur during non-recreational time periods. The longer ambulance response time and disposition for private addresses indicate potential opportunities for peer interventions. Our analysis describes circumstances surrounding non-fatal overdoses and can be useful in guiding relevant, targeted prevention interventions.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution CC BY-NC-NDeng
dc.subjectnon-fatal overdoseeng
dc.titleCircumstances surrounding non-fatal opioid overdoses attended by ambulance servicesen_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2016 The Author(s)
dc.source.journalDrug and Alcohol Review

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