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dc.contributor.authorHalsband, Claudia
dc.contributor.authorMajaneva, Sanna Kristiina
dc.contributor.authorHosia, Aino
dc.contributor.authorEmaus, Per
dc.contributor.authorGaardsted, Frank
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Qin
dc.contributor.authorNøst, Ole Anders
dc.contributor.authorRenaud, Paul Eric
dc.PublishedHalsband C, Majaneva SK, Hosia A, Emaus P, Gaardsted F, Zhou Q, Nøst OA, Renaud P. Jellyfish summer distribution, diversity and impact on fish farms in a Nordic fjord. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 2017eng
dc.description.abstractJellyfish can cause high mortality of farmed fish and hence significant economic losses for the aquaculture industry. Despite their socio-economic importance, distribution and diversity data on gelatinous plankton are scarce from northern Norwegian fjords and other Nordic systems. Intense blooms of jellyfish have repeatedly been observed in Ryggefjord, Finnmark (Norway), sometimes concurrent with severe health problems of salmon. In the present study, the jellyfish community of this fjord was studied in summer 2015. In July, at least 13 species were identified using a combination of morphological and molecular techniques. High densities of small Beroe spp. and ctenophore larvae in cydippid stage dominated the surface waters. Adult Beroe cucumis were also present. Molecular identification revealed the presence of juvenile Euphysa tentaculata, as well as 2 species each of Clytia and Obelia. Obelia longissima was identified from both its pelagic (medusa) and benthic (polyp) stages, indicating that some local populations can complete their entire life cycle in the fjord. Abundances were significantly different between inner and outer parts of the fjord, and in relation to the prevailing wind direction. A dense bloom of the hydrozoan Dipleurosoma typicum in September coincided with high mortalities of farmed fish, suggesting a causal relationship. We conclude that the jellyfish assemblage in Ryggefjord is dynamic on short time scales and structured by both oceanographic conditions and local reproduction. A better understanding of seasonal population development and the relationships between hydrography, abundance and species composition is required to develop mitigation strategies for aquaculture operationsen_US
dc.rightsAttribution CC BYeng
dc.subjectBeroe spp.eng
dc.subjectDipleurosoma typicumeng
dc.subjectJellyfish bloomeng
dc.titleJellyfish summer distribution, diversity and impact on fish farms in a Nordic fjordeng
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2017 The Author(s)eng
dc.source.journalMarine Ecology Progress Series
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 548990

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