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dc.contributor.authorRyano, Kokeli Peter
dc.contributor.authorVan Niekerk, Karen Loise
dc.contributor.authorWurz, Sarah Jacoba Deborah
dc.contributor.authorHenshilwood, Christopher
dc.PublishedRyano KP, Van Niekerk KL, Wurz S, Henshilwood C. Shellfish exploitation during the Oakhurst at Klipdrift Cave, southern Cape, South Africa. South African Journal of Science. 2019;115(9-10):5578eng
dc.description.abstractKlipdrift Cave in the southern Cape, South Africa, provides new insights into shellfish harvesting during the Later Stone Age (14–9 ka) period associated with the Oakhurst techno-complex. Two shellfish species dominate: Turbo sarmaticus and Dinoplax gigas. An abrupt shift in the relative frequencies of these species occurs in the middle of the sequence with T. sarmaticus almost completely replacing D. gigas. The shift in dominant species is likely due to environmental change caused by fluctuating sea levels rather than change in sea surface temperatures. The shellfish assemblage shows that local coastal habitats at Klipdrift Cave were somewhat different from those of contemporaneous sites in the southern Cape. Although the shellfish specimens are smaller at Klipdrift Cave than those from Middle Stone Age localities such as Blombos Cave, there is no robust indication that larger human populations at Klipdrift Cave during the Oakhurst period might have caused this change in size. Environmental or ecological factors could have restricted shellfish growth rates as some experimental works have suggested, but this possibility also remains to be further explored.en_US
dc.publisherAcademy of Science of South Africaeng
dc.rightsAttribution CC BYeng
dc.titleShellfish exploitation during the Oakhurst at Klipdrift Cave, southern Cape, South Africaeng
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2019 The Author(s)eng
dc.source.journalSouth African Journal of Science
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 262618

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Attribution CC BY
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