Complete validation according to current international criteria of a confirmatory quantitative method for the determination of nitrofuran metabolites in seafood by liquid chromatography isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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- Department of Chemistry 
Despite the ban of nitrofurans (NFs) for use in food production in many countries in the 1990s, NF metabolites in food are still regularly detected during import control testing. We have developed a confirmatory routine method for the detection and quantification of NF metabolites in seafood using LC-MS/MS and validated the method according to the strict criteria in European legislation and Codex Alimentarius. Method characteristics were found to fulfill the criteria. We report for the first time a new false positive for 1-amino-2,4-imidazolidinedione (AHD), the metabolite of Nitrofurantoin (NFT). By using optimized washing procedures, the non tissue bound false positives can be minimized. The results from the validation on both lean and fatty fish and crustaceans, results from proficiency tests and routine use over many years, demonstrates that the method is fit for purpose to determine NF metabolites in the seafood category.