Greeks and the East in the Iron Age: interpreting interaction in the Eastern Mediterranean
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Ancient Greeks and the East, their interaction with local peoples and the impact of cultural contacts have been studied extensively in recent years. For the most part, evidence comes from archaeological finds. This means that the situations of interaction have to be reconstructed from sources that give very little information about how such interaction took place. In this article, interpretations of the sites of Lefkandi, Al Mina, and Naukratis will be discussed, including a review of the widely diverging views held on how to explain the findings. The article draws attention to problems regarding the interpretation of sites with artefacts from several different cultures and discusses several models current in archaeology today that produce mutually exclusive narratives of interaction in the past.