• Absence of the proteoglycan decorin reduces glucose tolerance in overfed male mice 

      Svärd, Jessica; Røst, Therese Halvorsen; Sommervoll, Camilla Elise Nergård; Haugen, Christine; Gudbrandsen, Oddrun Anita; Christensen, Anne Elisabeth; Rødahl, Eyvind; Fernø, Johan; Dankel, Simon N; Sagen, Jørn V.; Mellgren, Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Studies have implicated the extracellular matrix (ECM) of adipose tissue in insulin resistance. The proteoglycan decorin, a component of ECM, has been associated with glucose tolerance, but possible causal effects on ...
    • Attenuated Notch signaling in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder 

      Hoseth, Eva Zsuzsanna; Krull, Florian; Dieset, Ingrid; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Hope, Sigrun; Gardsjord, Erlend Strand; Steen, Nils Eiel; Melle, Ingrid; Brattbakk, Hans-Richard; Steen, Vidar Martin; Aukrust, Pål; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-03-28)
      The Notch signaling pathway plays a crucial role in neurodevelopment and in adult brain homeostasis. We aimed to further investigate Notch pathway activity in bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SCZ) by conducting a ...
    • Autotaxin activity predicts transplant-free survival in primary sclerosing cholangitis 

      Dhillon, Amandeep Kaur; Kremer, Andreas E.; Kummen, Martin; Boberg, Kirsten Muri; Elferink, Ronald P. Oude; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Beuers, Ulrich; Vesterhus, Mette; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-06-11)
      Autotaxin has been associated with liver disease severity and transplant-free survival. This study aimed to validate autotaxin as a biomarker in two cohorts of Norwegian large-duct PSC patients, one discovery panel (n=165) ...
    • BLR1 and FCGR1A transcripts in peripheral blood associate with the extent of intrathoracic tuberculosis in children and predict treatment outcome 

      Jenum, Synne; Bakken, Rasmus; Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Mukherjee, Aparna; Lodha, Rakesh; Singh, Sarman; Singh, Varinder; Haks, Marielle C.; Ottenhoff, Tom H.M.; Kabra, Sushil K.; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Ritz, Christian; Grewal, Harleen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-12-12)
      Biomarkers reflecting the extent of Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced pathology and normalization during anti-tuberculosis treatment (ATT) would considerably facilitate trials of new treatment regimens and the identification ...
    • Circulating Vitamin D in relation to cancer incidence and survival of the head and neck and oesophagus in the EPIC cohort 

      Fanidi, Anouar; Muller, David C.; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Per Magne; Vollset, Stein Emil; Relton, Caroline; Vineis, Paolo; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Skeie, Guri; Brustad, Magritt; Palli, Domenico; Tumino, Rosario; Grioni, Sara; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas; Peeters, Petra H.; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Kvaskoff, Marina; Cadeau, Claire; Huerta, José María; Sánchez, María-José; Agudo, Antonio; Lasheras, Cristina; Quirós, J. Ramón; Chamosa, Saioa; Riboli, Elio; Travis, Ruth C; Ward, Heather; Murphy, Neil; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Lagiou, Pagona; Papatesta, Eleni-Maria; Boeing, Heiner; Kühn, Tilman; Katzke, Verena; Steffen, Annika; Johansson, Anders; Brennan, Paul; Johansson, Mattias (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-11-04)
      Experimental and epidemiological data suggest that vitamin D play a role in pathogenesis and progression of cancer, but prospective data on head and neck cancer (HNC) and oesophagus cancer are limited. The European Prospective ...
    • COL6A3 expression in adipose tissue cells is associated with levels of the homeobox transcription factor PRRX1 

      Dankel, Simon N; Grytten, Elise; Bjune, Jan-Inge; Nielsen, Hans Jørgen; Dietrich, Arne; Blüher, Matthias; Sagen, Jørn V.; Mellgren, Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Fibrillar collagen COL6α3 in adipose tissue has been associated with obesity, inflammation, insulin resistance and cancer. We here aimed to identify novel transcriptional regulators of COL6A3 expression. Based on a ...
    • ctDNA detected by ddPCR reveals changes in tumour load in metastatic malignant melanoma treated with bevacizumab 

      Forthun, Rakel Brendsdal; Hovland, Randi; Schuster, Cornelia; Puntervoll, Hanne Eknes; Brodal, Hans Petter; Namløs, Heidi Maria; Aasheim, Lars Birger; Meza, Leonardo Zepeda; Gjertsen, Bjørn Tore; Knappskog, Stian; Straume, Oddbjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Bevacizumab is included in an increasing number of clinical trials. To find biomarkers to predict and monitor treatment response, cancer and angiogenesis relevant mutations in tumour and circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) were ...
    • The E3 SUMO ligase PIASγ is a novel interaction partner regulating the activity of diabetes associated hepatocyte nuclear factor-1α 

      Kaci, Alba; Keindl, Magdalena; Solheim, Marie Holm; Njølstad, Pål Rasmus; Bjørkhaug, Lise; Aukrust, Ingvild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-08-24)
      The transcription factor hepatocyte nuclear factor-1α (HNF-1A) is involved in normal pancreas development and function. Rare variants in the HNF1A gene can cause monogenic diabetes, while common variants confer type 2 ...
    • Emergence of a Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis stG62647-lineage associated with severe clinical manifestations 

      Oppegaard, Oddvar; Mylvaganam, Haima; Skrede, Steinar; Lindemann, Paul Christoffer; Kittang, Bård Reiakvam (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-08-08)
      Increasing incidence rates of invasive Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (SDSE) infections have been reported worldwide, but the evolutionary mechanisms underlying this development remain elusive. Through ...
    • Encapsulation boosts islet-cell signature in differentiating human induced pluripotent stem cells via integrin signalling 

      Legøy, Thomas Aga; Vethe, Heidrun; Abadpour, Shadab; Strand, Berit Løkensgard; Scholz, Hanne; Paulo, Joao A.; Ræder, Helge; Ghila, Luiza; Chera, Simona (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Cell replacement therapies hold great therapeutic potential. Nevertheless, our knowledge of the mechanisms governing the developmental processes is limited, impeding the quality of differentiation protocols. Generating ...
    • Enrichment of genetic markers of recent human evolution in educational and cognitive traits 

      Srinivasan, Saurabh; Bettella, Francesco; Frei, Oleksandr; Hill, W. David; Wang, Yunpeng; Witoelar, Aree; Schork, Andrew J.; Thompson, Wesley Kurt; Davies, Gail; Desikan, Rahul S.; Deary, Ian J.; Melle, Ingrid; Ueland, Torill; Dale, Anders; Djurovic, Srdjan; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-08-22)
      Higher cognitive functions are regarded as one of the main distinctive traits of humans. Evidence for the cognitive evolution of human beings is mainly based on fossil records of an expanding cranium and an increasing ...
    • Expression of TCN1 in Blood is Negatively Associated with Verbal Declarative Memory Performance 

      Akkouh, Ibrahim; Ueland, Torill; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Brattbakk, Hans-Richard; Steen, Vidar Martin; Hughes, Timothy; Djurovic, Srdjan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-08-23)
      Memory is indispensable for normal cognitive functioning, and the ability to store and retrieve information is central to mental health and disease. The molecular mechanisms underlying complex memory functions are largely ...
    • Genetic variation in 117 myelination-related genes in schizophrenia: Replication of association to lipid biosynthesis genes 

      Stokowy, Tomasz; Polushina, Tatiana; Sønderby, Ida Elken; Karlsson, Robert; Giddaluru, Sudheer; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Bergen, Sarah E; Sullivan, Patrick F; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Djurovic, Srdjan; Hultman, Christina M.; Steen, Vidar Martin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-05-02)
      Schizophrenia is a serious psychotic disorder with high heritability. Several common genetic variants, rare copy number variants and ultra-rare gene-disrupting mutations have been linked to disease susceptibility, but there ...
    • Human Leukocyte Antigen alleles associated with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) 

      Lande, Asgeir; Fluge, Øystein; Strand, Elin Bolle; Flåm, Siri Tennebø; Sosa, Daisy Duarte; Mella, Olav; Egeland, Torstein; Saugstad, Ola Didrik; Lie, Benedicte Alexandra; Viken, Marte K (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The etiology and pathogenesis of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) are unknown, and autoimmunity is one of many proposed underlying mechanisms. Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) associations are ...
    • Identification of genetic loci shared between schizophrenia and the Big Five personality traits 

      Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Wang, Yunpeng; Lo, Min-Tzu; Li, Wen; Frei, Oleksandr; Witoelar, Aree; Tesli, Martin Steen; Hinds, David A.; Tung, Joyce Y.; Djurovic, Srdjan; Chen, Chi-Hua; Dale, Anders; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-05-22)
      Schizophrenia is associated with differences in personality traits, and recent studies suggest that personality traits and schizophrenia share a genetic basis. Here we aimed to identify specific genetic loci shared between ...
    • Identification of shared genetic variants between schizophrenia and lung cancer 

      Zuber, Verena; Jönsson, Erik Gunnar; Frei, Oleksandr; Witoelar, Aree; Thompson, V K; Schork, Andrew J; Bettella, Francesco; Wang, Yunpeng; Djurovic, Srdjan; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Dieset, Ingrid; Fanous, Ayman H.; Desikan, Rahul S; Küry, Sébastien; Bezieau, Stephane; Dale, Anders M; Mills, Ian Geoffrey; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01-12)
      Epidemiology studies suggest associations between schizophrenia and cancer. However, the underlying genetic mechanisms are not well understood, and difficult to identify from epidemiological data. We investigated if there ...
    • Immunomodulatory capacity of the serotonin receptor 5-HT2B in a subset of human dendritic cells 

      Szabo, Attila; Gogolák, Péter; Koncz, Gábor; Földvári, Zsofia; Pazmandi, Kitti; Miltner, Noemi; Póliska, Szilárd; Bácsi, Attila; Djurovic, Srdjan; Rajnavölgyi, Éva (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01-29)
      Serotonin is a monoamine neurotransmitter that signals through a wide array of receptors (5-HT1–7) many of which are also involved in immune processes. Dendritic cells (DCs) are crucial players in immune defense by bridging ...
    • Impact of HIV and type 2 diabetes on gut microbiota diversity, tryptophan catabolism and endothelial dysfunction 

      Hoel, Hedda Benedicte; Hove-Skovsgaard, Malene; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Gaardbo, Julie Christine; Holm, Kristian; Kummen, Martin; Rudi, Knut; Nwosu, Felix; Valeur, Jørgen; Gelpi, Marco; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Ueland, Per Magne; Gerstoft, Jan; Ullum, Henrik; Aukrust, Pål; Nielsen, Susanne Dam; Trøseid, Marius (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-04-30)
      HIV infection and type 2 diabetes are associated with altered gut microbiota, chronic inflammation, and increased cardiovascular risk. We aimed to investigate the combined effect of these diseases on gut microbiota composition ...
    • Impaired HDL function amplifies systemic inflammation in common variable immunodeficiency 

      Macpherson, Magnhild Eide; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Rashidi, Azita; Otterdal, Kari; Gregersen, Ida; Kong, Xiang Yi; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund; Aukrust, Pål; Fevang, Børre; Jørgensen, Silje Fjellgård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-01)
      Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common symptomatic primary immunodeficiency, characterized by inadequate antibody responses and recurrent bacterial infections. Paradoxically, a majority of CVID patients ...
    • Increased interleukin-6 and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 are associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 

      Jørgensen, Marthe Jøntvedt; Holter, Jan Cato; Christensen, Erik; Schjalm, Camilla; Tonby, Kristian; Pischke, Soeren; Jenum, Synne; Skeie, Linda Gail; Nur, Sarah; Lind, Andreas; Opsand, Hanne; Enersen, Tone Burvald; Grøndahl, Ragnhild; Hermann, Anne; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Müller, Fredrik; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Aukrust, Pål; Heggelund, Lars; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      In SARS-CoV-2 infection there is an urgent need to identify patients that will progress to severe COVID-19 and may benefit from targeted treatment. In this study we analyzed plasma cytokines in COVID-19 patients and ...