Now showing items 535-554 of 1191

    • Identification and molecular characterization of a new ovarian cancer susceptibility locus at 17q21.31 

      Permuth-Wey, Jennifer; Lawrenson, K; Shen, HC; Velkova, A; Tyrer, JP; Chen, ZH; Lin, HY; Chen, YA; Tsai, YY; Qu, XT; Ramus, SJ; Karevan, R; Lee, J; Lee, N; Larson, MC; Aben, KK; Anton-Culver, H; Antonenkova, N; Antoniou, AC; Armasu, SM; Bacot, F; Baglietto, L; Bandera, EV; Barnholtz-Sloan, J; Beckmann, MW; Birrer, MJ; Bloom, G; Bogdanova, N; Brinton, LA; Brooks-Wilson, A; Brown, R; Butzow, R; Cai, QY; Campbell, I; Chang-Claude, J; Chanock, S; Chenevix-Trench, G; Cheng, JQ; Cicek, MS; Coetzee, GA; Cook, LS; Couch, FJ; Cramer, DW; Cunningham, JM; Dansonka-Mieszkowska, A; Despierre, E; Doherty, JA; Dork, T; du Bois, A; Durst, M; Easton, DF; Eccles, D; Edwards, R; Ekici, AB; Fasching, PA; Fenstermacher, DA; Flanagan, JM; Garcia-Closas, M; Gentry-Maharaj, A; Giles, GG; Glasspool, RM; Gonzalez-Bosquet, J; Goodman, MT; Gore, M; Gorski, B; Gronwald, J; Hall, P; Halle, Mari Kyllesø; Harter, P; Heitz, F; Hillemanns, P; Hoatlin, M; Hogdall, CK; Hogdall, E; Hosono, S; Jakubowska, A; Jensen, A; Jim, H; Kalli, KR; Karlan, BY; Kaye, SB; Kelemen, LE; Kiemeney, LA; Kikkawa, F; Konecny, GE; Krakstad, Camilla; Kjaer, SK; Kupryjanczyk, J; Lambrechts, D; Lambrechts, S; Lancaster, JM; Le, ND; Leminen, A; Levine, DA; Liang, D; Lim, BK; Lin, J; Lissowska, J; Lu, KH; Lubinski, J; Lurie, G; Massuger, LFAG; Matsuo, K; McGuire, V; McLaughlin, JR; Menon, U; Modugno, F; Moysich, KB; Nakanishi, T; Narod, SA; Nedergaard, L; Ness, RB; Nevanlinna, H; Nickels, S; Noushmehr, H; Odunsi, K; Olson, SH; Orlow, I; Paul, J; Pearce, CL; Pejovic, T; Pelttari, LM; Pike, MC; Poole, EM; Raska, P; Renner, SP; Risch, HA; Rodriguez-Rodriguez, L; Rossing, MA; Rudolph, A; Runnebaum, IB; Rzepecka, IK; Salvesen, Helga Birgitte; Schwaab, I; Severi, G; Shridhar, V; Shu, XO; Shvetsov, YB; Sieh, W; Song, HL; Southey, MC; Spiewankiewicz, B; Stram, D; Sutphen, R; Teo, SH; Terry, KL; Tessier, DC; Thompson, PJ; Tworoger, SS; van Altena, AM; Vergote, I; Vierkant, RA; Vincent, D; Vitonis, AF; Wang-Gohrke, S; Weber, RP; Wentzensen, N; Whittemore, AS; Wik, Elisabeth; Wilkens, LR; Winterhoff, B; Woo, YL; Wu, AH; Xiang, YB; Yang, HP; Zheng, W; Ziogas, A; Zulkifli, F; Phelan, CM; Iversen, E; Schildkraut, JM; Berchuck, A; Fridley, BL; Goode, EL; Pharoah, PDP; Monteiro, ANA; Sellers, TA; Gayther, SA (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-03-27)
      Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has a heritable component that remains to be fully characterized. Most identified common susceptibility variants lie in non-protein-coding sequences. We hypothesized that variants in the 3′ ...
    • Identification of a novel polymorphism associated with reduced clozapine concentration in schizophrenia patients—a genome-wide association study adjusting for smoking habits 

      Smith, Robert Løvsletten; O’Connell, Kevin; Athanasiu, Lavinia; Djurovic, Srdjan; Kringen, Marianne K.; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Molden, Espen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Clozapine (CLZ) is the superior antipsychotic drug for treatment of schizophrenia, but exhibits an extensive interpatient pharmacokinetic variability. Here, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of CLZ serum ...
    • Identification of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli isolated from infants and children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 

      Moyo, Sabrina John; Maselle, Samwel Y.; Matee, Mecky I.; Langeland, Nina; Mylvaganam, Haima (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2007-08-09)
      Background: Relatively few studies have been done in Tanzania to detect and classify diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) strains among children with diarrhea. This study aimed at investigating DEC among children in Dar ...
    • Identification of Genetic Loci Shared Between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Intelligence, and Educational Attainment 

      O`Connell, Kevin; Shadrin, Alexey A.; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Bahrami, Shahram; Frei, Oleksandr; Bettella, Francesco; Krull, Florian; Fan, Chun C.; Askeland, Ragna Bugge; Knudsen, Gun Peggy Strømstad; Halmøy, Anne; Steen, Nils Eiel; Ueland, Torill; Walters, Bragi; Davíðsdóttir, Katrín; Haraldsdóttir, Gyda S.; Guðmundsson, Ólafur; Stefansson, Hreinn; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted; Haavik, Jan; Dale, Anders M.; Stefánsson, Kári; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is consistently associated with lower levels of educational attainment. A recent large genome-wide association study identified ...
    • Identification of genetic loci shared between schizophrenia and the Big Five personality traits 

      Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Wang, Yunpeng; Lo, Min-Tzu; Li, Wen; Frei, Oleksandr; Witoelar, Aree; Tesli, Martin Steen; Hinds, David A.; Tung, Joyce Y.; Djurovic, Srdjan; Chen, Chi-Hua; Dale, Anders; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-05-22)
      Schizophrenia is associated with differences in personality traits, and recent studies suggest that personality traits and schizophrenia share a genetic basis. Here we aimed to identify specific genetic loci shared between ...
    • Identification of genetic overlap and novel risk loci for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and bipolar disorder 

      O`Connell, Kevin; Shadrin, Alexey A.; Bahrami, Shahram; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Bettella, Francesco; Frei, Oleksandr; Krull, Florian; Askeland, Ragna Bugge; Walters, Bragi; Davíðsdóttir, Katrín; Haraldsdóttir, Gyða; Guðmundsson, Ólafur; Stefánsson, Hreinn; Fan, Chun C.; Steen, Nils Eiel; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted; Dale, Anders; Stefánsson, Kári; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Differential diagnosis between childhood onset attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and bipolar disorder (BD) remains a challenge, mainly due to overlapping symptoms and high rates of comorbidity. Despite this, ...
    • Identification of inhibitors of tryptophan hydroxylase 1 

      Berg, Rikke Landsvik (Master thesis, 2014-05-20)
      Background: In this study we use molecular docking to find compounds that interact with the enzyme tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), followed by experimental validation. TPH is a tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) dependent enzyme that ...
    • Identification of nine new susceptibility loci for endometrial cancer 

      O'Mara, Tracy A.; Glubb, Dylan M.; Amant, Frédéric; Annibali, Daniela; Ashton, Katie; Attia, John; Auer, Paul L.; Beckmann, Matthias W.; Black, Amanda; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Brauch, Hiltrud; Brenner, Hermann; Brinton, Louise; Buchanan, Daniel D.; Burwinkel, Barbara; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Chanock, Stephen J.; Chen, Chu; Chen, Maxine M.; Cheng, Timothy H.T.; Clarke, Christine L.; Clendenning, Mark; Cook, Linda S.; Couch, Fergus J.; Cox, Angela; Crous-Bous, Marta; Czene, Kamila; Day, Felix; Dennis, Joe; Depreeuw, Jeroen; Doherty, Jennifer Anne; Dörk, Thilo; Dowdy, Sean C.; Dürst, Matthias; Ekici, Arif B.; Fasching, Peter A.; Fridley, Brooke L.; Friedenreich, Christine M.; Fritschi, Lin; Fung, Jenny; García-Closas, Montserrat; Gaudet, Mia M.; Giles, Graham G.; Goode, Ellen L.; Gorman, Maggie; Haiman, Christopher A.; Hall, Per; Hankison, Susan E.; Healey, Catherine S.; Hein, Alexander; Hillemanns, Peter; Hodgson, Shirley; Høivik, Erling Andre; Holliday, Elizabeth G.; Hopper, John L.; Hunter, David J.; Jones, Angela; Krakstad, Camilla; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Lambrechts, Diether; Marchand, Loic Le; Liang, Xiaolin; Lindblom, Annika; Lissowska, Jolanta; Long, Jirong; Lu, Lingeng; Magliocco, Anthony M.; Martin, Lynn; McEvoy, Mark; Meindl, Alfons; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Milne, Roger L.; Mints, Miriam; Montgomery, Grant W.; Nassir, Rami; Olsson, Håkan; Orlow, Irene; Otton, Geoffrey; Palles, Claire; Perry, John R.B.; Peto, Julian; Pooler, Loreall; Prescott, Jennifer; Proietto, Tony; Rebbeck, Timothy R.; Risch, Harvey A.; Rogers, Peter A.W.; Rübner, Matthias; Runnebaum, Ingo; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Sarto, Gloria E.; Schumacher, Fredrick; Scott, Rodney J.; Setiawan, V. Wendy; Shah, Mitul; Sheng, Xin; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Southey, Melissa C.; Swerdlow, Anthony J.; Tham, Emma; Trovik, Jone; Turman, Constance; Tyrer, Jonathan P.; Vachon, Celine; VanDen Berg, David; Vanderstichele, Adriaan; Wang, Zhaoming; Webb, Penelope M.; Wentzensen, Nicolas; Werner, Henrica Maria Johanna; Winham, Stacey J.; Wolk, Alicja; Xia, Lucy; Xiang, Yong-Bing; Yang, Hannah P.; Yu, Herbert; Zheng, Wei; Pharoah, Paul D.P.; Dunning, Alison M.; Kraft, Peter; De Vivo, Immaculata; Tomlinson, Ian; Easton, Douglas F.; Spurdle, Amanda B.; Thompson, Deborah J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-08-09)
      Endometrial cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer of the female reproductive tract in developed countries. Through genome-wide association studies (GWAS), we have previously identified eight risk loci for endometrial ...
    • Identification of novel monocistronic HTLV-1 mRNAs encoding functional Rex isoforms 

      Rende, Francesca; Cavallari, Ilaria; Andresen, Vibeke; Valeri, Valerio W.; D'Agostino, Donna M.; Franchini, Genoveffa; Ciminale, Vincenzo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-07-02)
      Background: Human T cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) gene expression is controlled by the key regulatory proteins Tax and Rex. The concerted action of these proteins results in a two-phase kinetics of viral expression ...
    • Identification of pharmacological chaperones for Phenylalanine Hydroxylase. A virtual screening approach to discover novel drug candidates for treatment of phenylketonuria 

      Harris, Gerd Marie Eskerud (Master thesis, 2014-05-20)
      Phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) is an enzyme that catalyses the hydroxylation of phenylalanine into tyrosine in the liver, which is the rate-limiting step in phenylalanine catabolism. PAH is a non-heme iron-dependent enzyme ...
    • Identification of shared genetic variants between schizophrenia and lung cancer 

      Zuber, Verena; Jönsson, Erik Gunnar; Frei, Oleksandr; Witoelar, Aree; Thompson, V K; Schork, Andrew J; Bettella, Francesco; Wang, Yunpeng; Djurovic, Srdjan; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Dieset, Ingrid; Fanous, Ayman H.; Desikan, Rahul S; Küry, Sébastien; Bezieau, Stephane; Dale, Anders M; Mills, Ian Geoffrey; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01-12)
      Epidemiology studies suggest associations between schizophrenia and cancer. However, the underlying genetic mechanisms are not well understood, and difficult to identify from epidemiological data. We investigated if there ...
    • Identification of susceptibility pathways for the roleof chromosome 15q25.1 in modifying lung cancerrisk 

      Ji, Xuemei; Bossé, Yohan; Landi, Maria Teresa; Gui, Jiang; Xiao, Xiangjun; Qian, David C; Joubert, Philippe; Lamontagne, Maxime; Li, Yafang; Gorlov, Ivan; de Biasi, Mariella; Han, Younghun; Gorlova, Olga; Hung, Rayjean J.; Wu, Xifeng; McKay, James; Zong, Xuchen; Carreras-Torres, Robert; Christiani, David C.; Caporaso, Neil; Johansson, Mattias; Liu, Geoffrey; Bojesen, Stig E.; Le Marchand, Loic; Albanes, Demetrios; Bickeboller, Heike; Aldrich, Melinda C.; Bush, William S.; Tardon, Adonina; Rennert, Gad; Chen, Chu; Teare, M. Dawn; Field, John K.; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Lazarus, Philip; Haugen, Aage; Lam, Stephen; Schabath, Matthew B.; Andrew, Angeline S.; Shen, Hongbing; Hong, Yun-Chul; Yuan, Jian-Min; Bertazzi, Pier A.; Pesatori, Angela C.; Ye, Yuanqing; Diao, Nancy; Su, Li; Zhang, Ruyang; Brhane, Yonathan; Leighl, Natasha; Johansen, Jakob S.; Mellemgaard, Anders; Saliba, Walid; Haiman, Christopher; Wilkens, Lynne; Fernandez-Somoano, Ana; Fernandez-Tardon, Guillermo; van der Heijden, Erik H. F. M.; Kim, Jin Hee; Dai, Juncheng; Hu, Zhibin; Davies, Michael P.A.; Marcus, Michael W.; Brunnström, Hans; Manjer, Jonas; Melander, Olle; Muller, David C.; Overvad, Kim; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Tumino, Rosario; Doherty, Jennifer; Goodman, Gary; Cox, Angela; Taylor, Fiona; Woll, Penella; Brüske, Irene; Manz, Judith; Muley, Thomas; Risch, Angela; Rosenberger, Albert; Grankvist, Kjell; Johansson, Mikael; Shepherd, Frances; Ming-Sound, Tsao; Arnold, Susanne M.; Haura, Eric B.; Bolca, Ciprian; Holcatova, Ivana; Janout, Vladimir; Kontic, Milica; Lissowska, Jolanta; Mukeria, Anush; Ognjanovic, Simona; Orlowski, Tadeusz M.; Scelo, Ghislaine; Swiatkowska, Beata; Zaridze, David; Bakke, Per S.; Skaug, Vidar; Zienolddiny, Shanbeh; Duell, Eric J.; Butler, Lesley M.; Koh, Woon-Puay; Gao, Yu-Tang; Houlston, Richard; McLaughlin, John; Stevens, Victoria; Nickle, David C.; Obeidat, Ma'en; Timens, Wim; Zhu, Bin; Song, Lei; Artigas, María Soler; Tobin, Martin D.; Wain, Louise V.; Gu, Fangyi; Byun, Jinyoung; Kamal, Ahsan; Zhu, Dakai; Tyndale, Rachel F.; Wei, Wei-Qi; Chanock, Stephen; Brennan, Paul; Amos, Christopher I. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-08-13)
      Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identified the chromosome 15q25.1 locus as a leading susceptibility region for lung cancer. However, the pathogenic pathways, through which susceptibility SNPs within chromosome 15q25.1 ...
    • Identification of the functional role of GSK3β in the ex vivo female rat heart at ischemic reperfusion--with special reference to Akt-dependent signalling 

      Askeland, Maren Haave (Master thesis, 2009-05-14)
      Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, arising mainly from ischemic heart disease. Currently, the most effective method for reducing mortality in patients suffering from a coronary occlusion is ...
    • Identifikasjon av fettsyrer i omega-3 produkter ved hjelp av gasskromatografi med massespektrometrisk deteksjon 

      Wasta, Ziar Miran (Master thesis, 2012-08-24)
      The purpose of this study was to identify fatty acids in omega-3 products that are sold in the market in different countries and build databases of mass spectra and chromatographic retention indices. These databases can ...
    • Identifying targets for antibiotic stewardship interventions through analysis of the antibiotic prescribing process in hospitals - a multicentre observational cohort study 

      Wathne, Jannicke Slettli; Skodvin, Brita; Charani, Esmita; Harthug, Stig; Blix, Hege Salvesen; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Kleppe, Lars Kåre Selland; Vukovic, Marta; Smith, Ingrid (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: In order to change antibiotic prescribing behaviour, we need to understand the prescribing process. The aim of this study was to identify targets for antibiotic stewardship interventions in hospitals through ...
    • ILD-­specific health-­related quality of life in systemic sclerosis-­associated ILD compared with IPF 

      Durheim, Michael; Hoffmann-Vold, Anna-Maria; Eagan, Tomas Mikal; Hovden, Arnt-Ove; Samersaw-Lund, May Brit; Bjerke, Gisle; Birring, Surinder S.; Jonassen, Trygve Müller; Johansen, Odd Erik; Sjåheim, Tone Bjørg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Abstract Introduction Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD) are fibrotic ILDs with divergent disease populations. Little is known about health-related ...
    • Immune activation and HIV-specific T cell responses are modulated by a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor in untreated HIV-infected individuals: An exploratory clinical trial 

      Prebensen, Christian; Trøseid, Marius; Ueland, Thor; Dahm, Anders Erik A; Sandset, Per Morten; Aaberge, Ingeborg Sundsvalen; Waalen, Kristian; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Tasken, Kjetil; Kvale, Dag (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-05-02)
      Pathologically elevated immune activation and inflammation contribute to HIV disease progression and immunodeficiency, potentially mediated by elevated levels of prostaglandin E2, which suppress HIV-specific T cell responses. ...
    • Immune cells and soluble immune markers in different stages of tuberculosis. Potential biomarkers for diagnosis and treatment efficacy 

      Wergeland, Ida (Doctoral thesis, 2017-03-30)
      Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem, especially in the developing world. In order to end the TB epidemic, reliable and rapid diagnostic tools that can identify and discriminate between latent and active TB ...
    • Immune Responses in Acute and Convalescent Patients with Mild, Moderate and Severe Disease during the 2009 Influenza Pandemic in Norway 

      Mohn, Kristin Greve Isdahl; Cox, Rebecca Jane; Tunheim, Gro; Berdal, Jan Erik; Hauge, Anna G; Jul-Larsen, Åsne; Peters, Bjørn; Oftung, Fredrik; Jonassen, Christine M; Mjaaland, Siri (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-11-25)
      Increased understanding of immune responses influencing clinical severity during pandemic influenza infection is important for improved treatment and vaccine development. In this study we recruited 46 adult patients during ...