• Maternal and child gluten intake and association with type 1 diabetes: The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study 

      Lund-Blix, Nicolai Andre; Tapia, German; Mårild, Karl Staffan; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Njølstad, Pål Rasmus; Joner, Geir; Skrivarhaug, Torild; Størdal, Ketil; Stene, Lars Christian Mørch (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background The relationship between maternal gluten intake in pregnancy, offspring intake in childhood, and offspring risk of type 1 diabetes has not been examined jointly in any studies. Our aim was to study the relationship ...
    • Maternal microchimerism in cord blood and risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes 

      Tapia, German; Mortimer, Georgina; Ye, Jody; Gillard, Benjamin Thomas; Chipper-Keating, Saranna; Mårild, Karl Staffan; Viken, Marte K; Lie, Benedicte Alexandra; Joner, Geir; Skrivarhaug, Torild; Njølstad, Pål Rasmus; Størdal, Ketil; Gillespie, Kathleen; Stene, Lars Christian Mørch (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-09)
      Background: Maternal microchimerism (MMc), the transmission of small quantities of maternal cells to the fetus, is relatively common and persistent. MMc has been detected with increased frequency in the circulation and ...
    • Parental smoking and risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes 

      Magnus, Maria Christine; Tapia, German; Olsen, Sjurdur Frodi; Granström, Charlotta; Mårild, Karl Staffan; Ueland, Per Magne; Midttun, Øivind; Svensson, Jannet; Johannesen, Jesper; Skrivarhaug, Torild; Joner, Geir; Njølstad, Pål Rasmus; Størdal, Ketil; Stene, Lars Christian Mørch (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-11)
      Background: A few prospective studies suggest an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and lower risk of type 1 diabetes. However, the role of unmeasured confounding and misclassification remains unclear. ...
    • Prenatal iron exposure and childhood type 1 diabetes 

      Størdal, Ketil; McArdle, Harry J.; Hayes, Helen; Tapia, German; Viken, Marte K; Lund-Blix, Nicolai Andre; Haugen, Margaretha; Joner, Geir; Skrivarhaug, Torild; Mårild, Karl Staffan; Njølstad, Pål Rasmus; Eggesbø, Merete Åse; Mandal, Siddhartha; Page, Christian; London, Stephanie J.; Lie, Benedicte Alexandra; Stene, Lars Christian Mørch (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-06-13)
      Iron overload due to environmental or genetic causes have been associated diabetes. We hypothesized that prenatal iron exposure is associated with higher risk of childhood type 1 diabetes. In the Norwegian Mother and Child ...