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dc.contributor.authorBrannsether-Ellingsen, Benteen_US
dc.contributor.authorEide, Geir Egilen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoelants, Mathieuen_US
dc.contributor.authorBjerknes, Roberten_US
dc.contributor.authorJúlíusson, Pétur Benedikten_US
dc.description.abstractObjectives To answer the questions: how does body mass index (BMI) correlate to five overweight related anthropometric variables during different ages in childhood, and which anthropometric variables contribute most to variation in BMI during childhood? Methods Data on BMI, height (H), sitting height (SH), waist circumference (WC), waist to height ratio (WHtR), waist to sitting height ratio (WSHtR), subscapular skinfold (SSF), and triceps skinfold (TSF), from 4,576 Norwegian children 4.00–15.99 years of age, were transformed to standard deviation scores (SDS) and studied using correlation and multiple regression analyses. Results The correlations between BMI SDS and the standardized anthropometric variables were in general strong and positive. For all variables, the correlations were weakest in the youngest age group and highest between 7 and 12 years. WC SDS and WHtR SDS were most strongly correlated with BMI SDS through all ages and in both sexes. A model with seven anthropometric variables adjusted for age and sex explained 81.4% of the variation in BMI SDS. When adjusted for all other variables, WC SDS contributed most to the variation in BMI SDS (b = 0.467, CI [0.372, 0.562]). Age group, but not sex, contributed significantly to variation in BMI SDS. Conclusion The interrelationships between BMI SDS and five standardized overweight related anthropometric variables were dependent on age, being weakest in the youngest age group. Independent of sex and age, WC SDS was in this study superior to other anthropometric variables in contributing to variation in BMI SDS during childhood. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 26:502–510, 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.en_US
dc.relation.ispartof<a href="" target="blank">Overweight and obesity in children: a study of weight-related anthropometric variables in childhood</a>
dc.rightsAttribution CC BYeng
dc.titleInterrelationships between anthropometric variables and overweight in childhood and adolescenceen_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2014 The Authors
dc.source.journalAmerican Journal of Human Biology
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Medical sciences: 700::Basic medical, dental and veterinary sciences: 710::Anatomy, physical anthropology: 717eng
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Medisinske fag: 700::Basale medisinske, odontologiske og veterinærmedisinske fag: 710::Anatomi, fysisk antropologi: 717nob

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