• How much arctic fresh water participates in the subpolar overturning circulation? 

      Le Bras, Isabela; Straneo, Fiamma; Muilwijk, Morven; Smedsrud, Lars Henrik; Li, Feili; Susan Lozier, Lozier; Penny Holliday, Holliday (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Fresh Arctic waters flowing into the Atlantic are thought to have two primary fates. They may be mixed into the deep ocean as part of the overturning circulation, or flow alongside regions of deep water formation without ...
    • How northern freshwater input can stabilise thermohaline circulation 

      Lambert, Erwin; Eldevik, Tor; Haugan, Peter M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      The North Atlantic thermohaline circulation (THC) carries heat and salt towards the Arctic. This circulation is partly sustained by buoyancy loss and is generally believed to be inhibited by northern freshwater input as ...
    • Hvordan klimaet kan endres - en innføring 

      Grønås, Sigbjørn (Book, 2012-08-07)
      Denne boka handler om det naturvitenskapelige grunnlaget for klimaendringer, om hvordan klimaet kan endres, hva vi vet og hva som er usikkert. En stor del av arbeidet til FNs klimapanel IPCC omfatter dette grunnlaget, de ...
    • Hydrography and circulation in the Filchner Depression, Weddell Sea, Antarctica 

      Darelius, Elin Maria K.; Makinson, Keith; Daae, Kjersti Birkeland; Fer, Ilker; Holland, Paul R.; Nicholls, Keith W. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Cold and dense ice shelf water (ISW) emerging from the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf cavity in the southwestern Weddell Sea flows northward through the Filchner Depression to eventually descend the con- tinental slope and ...
    • Hydrography, transport and mixing of the West Spitsbergen Current: the Svalbard Branch in summer 2015 

      Kolås, Eivind; Fer, Ilker (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-12-21)
      Measurements of ocean currents, stratification and microstructure were made in August 2015, northwest of Svalbard, downstream of the Atlantic inflow in Fram Strait in the Arctic Ocean. Observations in three sections are ...
    • Hydrological Modelling of Ethiopian Watersheds : The Application of Hydrological Models for Flow Forecasting and Analysis of Sensitivity to Climate and Landuse Changes 

      Mengistu, Dereje Tesfahun (Doctoral thesis, 2019-10-15)
      Hydrological modelling studies vary depending on the purpose, data availability and number of outputs required. Quantifying the hydrological responses to various human- and climate-induced changes requires different modelling ...
    • Hydropower Production Scheduling using Stochastisc Dual Dynamic Programming subject to environmental constraints 

      Arvidsen, Håkon Ingvar (Master thesis, 2019-06-22)
      Oppgaven utforsker vannkraftproduksjonsplanlegging i Bergsdalen vassdraget, styrt av BKK, ved hjelp av Stokastisk Dual Dynamisk Programmering. Systemet er under et sett med miljørestriksjoner, innført av NVE, som utfordrer ...
    • Ice and brine production in Hornsund 

      Arntsen, Martin (Master thesis, 2015-06-02)
      The Hornsund fjord system has been studied using observations of the atmosphere, ocean and sea ice, and two different types of models. The study documents significant year to year variability in sea ice formation and brine ...
    • The ice front as a topographic barrier for ocean heat transport 

      Steiger, Nadine (Doctoral thesis, 2021-06-28)
      Antarctic ice shelves are the link between the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet. The floating ice shelves restrain the seaward flow of the grounded ice, which is balanced by iceberg calving and ocean-induced basal ...
    • Ice shelf water overflow and bottom water formation in the southern Weddell Sea 

      Foldvik, Arne; Gammelsrød, Tor; Østerhus, Svein; Fahrbach, E.; Rohardt, G.; Schröder, Michael; Nicholls, Keith W.; Padman, L.; Woodgate, R. A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2004-02-17)
      Cold shelf waters flowing out of the Filchner Depression in the southern Weddell Sea make a significant contribution to the production of Weddell Sea Bottom Water (WSBW), a precursor to Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW). We ...
    • The Iceland Greenland seas project 

      Renfrew, Ian Alasdair; Pickart, RS; Våge, Kjetil; Moore, GWK; Bracegirdle, TJ; Elvidge, AD; Jeansson, Emil; Lachlan-Cope, T; McRaven, LT; Papritz, L; Reuder, Joachim; Sodemann, Harald; Terpstra, Annick; Waterman, S; Valdimarsson, H; Weiss, A; Almansi, M; Bahr, F; Brakstad, Ailin; Barrell, C; Brooke, JK; Brooks, BJ; Brooks, IM; Brooks, ME; Bruvik, Erik Magnus; Duscha, Christiane; Fer, Ilker; Golid, Heidi M.; Hallerstig, Matilda; Hessevik, Idar; Huang, J; Houghton, L; Jonsson, S; Jonassen, Marius Opsanger; Jackson, Kristin; Kvalsund, Karsten; Kolstad, Erik Wilhelm; Konstali, Kjersti; Kristiansen, Jørn; Ladkin, R; Lin, P; MacRander, A; Mitchell, A; Olafsson, H; Pacini, A; Payne, C; Palmason, B; Perez-Hernandez, MD; Peterson, Algot Kristoffer; Petersen, GN; Pisareva, MN; Pope, JO; Seidl, Andrew; Semper, Stefanie; Sergeev, D; Skjelsvik, Silje; Søiland, Henrik; Smith, D; Spall, MA; Spengler, Thomas; Touzeau, Alexandra; Tupper, G; Weng, Yongbiao; Williams, KD; Yang, X; Zhou, Shenjie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The Iceland Greenland Seas Project (IGP) is a coordinated atmosphere–ocean research program investigating climate processes in the source region of the densest waters of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. ...
    • The Iceland-Faroe Slope Jet: a conduit for dense water toward the Faroe Bank Channel overflow 

      Semper, Stefanie; Pickart, Robert S.; Våge, Kjetil; Larsen, Karin Margretha H.; Hátún, Hjálmar; Hansen, Bogi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Dense water from the Nordic Seas passes through the Faroe Bank Channel and supplies the lower limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, a critical component of the climate system. Yet, the upstream pathways ...
    • The Iceland–Faroe inflow of Atlantic water to the Nordic Seas 

      Hansen, Bogi; Østerhus, Svein; Hátún, Hjalmar; Kristiansen, Regin; Larsen, Karin Margretha Húsgarð (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2003-12)
      The flow of Atlantic water between Iceland and the Faroe Islands is one of three current branches flowing from the Atlantic Ocean into the Nordic Seas across the Greenland–Scotland Ridge. By the heat that it carries along, ...
    • Identifying major drivers of daily streamflow from large-scale atmospheric circulation with machine learning 

      Hagen, Jenny Sjåstad; Leblois, Etienne; Lawrence, Deborah; Solomatine, Dimitri; Sorteberg, Asgeir (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Previous studies linking large-scale atmospheric circulation and river flow with traditional machine learning techniques have predominantly explored monthly, seasonal or annual streamflow modelling for applications in ...
    • Ignition of high-pressure hydrogen releases – Experimental study of impinging and non-impinging releases through a fast-acting valve, with and without a burst disc downstream of the valve 

      Skivenesvåg, Jørgen (Master thesis, 2021-09-14)
      A wide consensus of climate research indicates that anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions affect the climate and causes the global mean temperature to rise compared to preindustrial levels. International treaties such as ...
    • The Impact of a Reduced High-Wind Charnock Parameter on Wave Growth With Application to the North Sea, the Norwegian Sea, and the Arctic Ocean 

      Breivik, Øyvind; Carrasco, Ana; Haakenstad, Hilde; Aarnes, Ole Johan; Behrens, Arno; Bidlot, Jean-Raymond; Björkqvist, Jan-Victor; Bohlinger, Patrik; Furevik, Birgitte Rugaard; Staneva, Joanna; Reistad, Magnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      As atmospheric models move to higher resolution and resolve smaller scales, the maximum modeled wind speed also tends to increase. Wave models tuned to coarser wind fields tend to overestimate the wave growth under strong ...
    • Impact of Arctic sea ice variations on winter temperature anomalies in northern hemispheric land areas 

      Köenigk, Torben; Gao, Yongqi; Gastineau, Guillaume; Keenlyside, Noel; Nakamura, Tetsu; Ogawa, Fumiaki; Orsolini, Yvan; Semenov, Vladimir A.; Suo, Lingling; Tian, Tian; Wang, Tao; Wettstein, Justin; Yang, Shuting (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-07-30)
      Coordinated numerical ensemble experiments with six different state-of-the-art atmosphere models have been used in order to evaluate the respective impact of the observed Arctic sea ice and sea surface temperature (SST) ...
    • The impact of assimilating data from a remotely piloted aircraft on simulations of weak-wind orographic flow 

      Ágústsson, Hálfdán; Ólafsson, Haraldur; Jonassen, Marius Opsanger; Rögnvaldsson, Ólafur (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Orographic winds near a 914 m high mountain in Southwest-Iceland are explored using unique observations made aloft with a small remotely piloted aircraft, as well as with traditional observations and high-resolution ...
    • Impact of Assimilation of Radiosonde and UAV Observations from the Southern Ocean in the Polar WRF Model 

      Sun, Qizhen; Vihma, Timo; Jonassen, Marius Opsanger; Zhang, Zhanhai (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Weather forecasting in the Southern Ocean and Antarctica is a challenge above all due to the rarity of observations to be assimilated in numerical weather prediction (NWP) models. As observations are expensive and logistically ...
    • Impact of data assimilation on Eulerian versus Lagrangian estimates of upper ocean transport 

      Sperrevik, Ann Kristin; Röhrs, Johannes; Christensen, Kai Håkon (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Using four-dimensional variational analysis, we produce an estimate of the state of a coastal region in Northern Norway during the late winter and spring in 1984. We use satellite sea surface temperature and in situ ...