• Implementation of the sectional aerosol module SALSA2.0 into the PALM model system 6.0: model development and first evaluation 

      Kurppa, Mona; Hellsten, Antti; Roldin, Pontus; Kokkola, Harri; Tonttila, Juha; Auvinen, Mikko; Kent, Christoph; Kumar, Prashant; Maronga, Bjørn; Järvi, Leena (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-04-11)
      Urban pedestrian-level air quality is a result of an interplay between turbulent dispersion conditions, background concentrations, and heterogeneous local emissions of air pollutants and their transformation processes. ...
    • The Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART version 10.4 

      Pisso, Ignacio; Sollum, Espen; Grythe, Henrik; Kristiansen, Nina Iren; Cassiani, Massimo; Eckhardt, Sabine; Arnold, Delia; Morton, Don; Thompson, Rona Louise; Zwaaftink, Christine Groot; Evangeliou, Nikolaos; Sodemann, Harald; Haimberger, Leopold; Henne, Stephan; Brunner, Dominik; Burkhart, John; Fouilloux, Anne Claire; Brioude, Jerome; Philipp, Anne; Seibert, Petra; Stohl, Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-02)
      The Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART in its original version in the mid-1990s was designed for calculating the long-range and mesoscale dispersion of hazardous substances from point sources, such as those ...
    • Nemo-Nordic 1.0: A NEMO-based ocean model for the Baltic and North seas - Research and operational applications 

      Hordoir, Robinson; Axell, Lars; Höglund, Anders; Dieterich, Christian; Fransner, Filippa; Gröger, Matthias; Liu, Ye; Pemberton, Per; Schimanke, Semjon; Andersson, Helen; Ljungemyr, Patrik; Nygren, Petter; Falahat, Saeed; Nord, Adam; Jönsson, Anette; Lake, Iréne; Döös, Kristofer; Hieronymus, Magnus; Dietze, Heiner; Löptien, Ulrike; Kuznetsov, Ivan; Westerlund, Antti; Tuomi, Laura; Haapala, Jari (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-01-21)
      We present Nemo-Nordic, a Baltic and North Sea model based on the NEMO ocean engine. Surrounded by highly industrialized countries, the Baltic and North seas and their assets associated with shipping, fishing and tourism ...
    • Ocean biogeochemistry in the Norwegian Earth System Model version 2 (NorESM2) 

      Tjiputra, Jerry; Schwinger, Jörg; Bentsen, Mats; Morée, Anne; Gao, Shuang; Bethke, Ingo; Heinze, Christoph; Goris, Nadine; Gupta, Alok Kumar; He, Yan-Chun; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Seland, Øyvind; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The ocean carbon cycle is a key player in the climate system through its role in regulating the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and other processes that alter the Earth's radiative balance. In the second version ...
    • OpenDrift v1.0: A generic framework for trajectory modelling 

      Dagestad, Knut-Frode; Röhrs, Johannes; Breivik, Øyvind; Ådlandsvik, Bjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-04-13)
      OpenDrift is an open-source Python-based framework for Lagrangian particle modelling under development at the Norwegian Meteorological Institute with contributions from the wider scientific community. The framework is ...
    • Overview of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) and key climate response of CMIP6 DECK, historical, and scenario simulations 

      Seland, Øyvind; Bentsen, Mats; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Toniazzo, Thomas; Gjermundsen, Ada; Graff, Lise Seland; Debernard, Jens Boldingh; Gupta, Alok Kumar; He, Yan-Chun; Kirkevåg, Alf; Schwinger, Jörg; Tjiputra, Jerry; Aas, Kjetil Schanke; Bethke, Ingo; Fan, Yuanchao; Griesfeller, Jan; Grini, Alf; Guo, Chuncheng; Ilicak, Mehmet; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Landgren, Oskar Andreas; Liakka, Johan; Moseid, Kine Onsum; Nummelin, Aleksi; Spensberger, Clemens; Tang, Hui; Zhang, Zhongshi; Heinze, Christoph; Iversen, Trond; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      The second version of the coupled Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) is presented and evaluated. NorESM2 is based on the second version of the Community Earth System Model (CESM2) and shares with CESM2 the computer ...
    • Overview of the PALM model system 6.0 

      Maronga, Bjørn; Banzhaf, Sabine; Burmeister, Cornelia; Esch, Thomas; Forkel, Renate; Fröhlich, Dominik; Fuka, Vladimir; Gehrke, Katrin Frieda; Geletič, Jan; Giersch, Sebastian; Gronemeier, Tobias; Groß, Günter; Heldens, Wieke; Hellsten, Antti; Hoffmann, Fabian; Inagaki, Atsushi; Kadasch, Eckhard; Kanani-Sühring, Farah; Ketelsen, Klaus; Ali Khan, Basit; Knigge, Christoph; Knoop, Helge; Krč, Pavel; Kurppa, Mona; Maamari, Halim; Matzarakis, Andreas; Mauder, Matthias; Pallasch, Matthias; Pavlik, Dirk; Pfafferott, Jens; Resler, Jaroslav; Rissmann, Sascha; Russo, Emmanuele; Salim, Mohamed; Schrempf, Michael; Schwenkel, Johannes; Seckmeyer, Gunther; Schubert, Sebastian; Sühring, Matthias; von Tils, Robert; Vollmer, Lukas; Ward, Simon; Witha, Björn; Wurps, Hauke; Zeidler, Julian; Raasch, Siegfried (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      In this paper, we describe the PALM model system 6.0. PALM (formerly an abbreviation for Parallelized Large-eddy Simulation Model and now an independent name) is a Fortran-based code and has been applied for studying a ...
    • Towards end-to-end (E2E) modelling in a consistent NPZD-F modelling framework (ECOSMO E2E_v1.0): Application to the North Sea and Baltic Sea 

      Daewel, Ute; Schrum, Corinna; Macdonald, Jed I. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-05-06)
      Coupled physical–biological models usually resolve only parts of the trophic food chain; hence, they run the risk of neglecting relevant ecosystem processes. Additionally, this imposes a closure term problem at the respective ...