Now showing items 212-231 of 775

    • Evidence of Isotopic Fractionation During Vapor Exchange Between the Atmosphere and the Snow Surface in Greenland 

      Madsen, M.V.; Steen‐Larsen, H.C.; Hörhold, M.; Box, J.; Berben, Sarah Miche Patricia; Capron, E.; Faber, Anne-Katrine; Hubbard, Alun Lloyd; Jensen, Mari Fjalstad; Jones, T.R.; Kipfstuhl, S.; Koldtoft, I.; Pillar, H.R.; Vaughn, B.H.; Vladimirova, D.; Dahl‐Jensen, D. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-03)
      Several recent studies from both Greenland and Antarctica have reported significant changes in the water isotopic composition of near‐surface snow between precipitation events. These changes have been linked to isotopic ...
    • Evolving and sustaining ocean best practices and standards for the next decade 

      Pearlman, Jay; Bushnell, Mark; Coppola, Laurent; Karstensen, Johannes; Buttigieg, Pier Luigi; Pearlman, Françoise; Simpson, Pauline; Barbier, Michele; Muller-Karger, Frank Edgar; Munoz-Mas, Cristian; Pissierssens, Peter; Chandler, Cyndy; Hermes, Juliet; Heslop, Emma; Jenkyns, Reyna; Achterberg, Eric P.; Bensi, Manuel; Bittig, Henry C.; Blandin, Jerome; Bosch, Julie; Bourles, Bernard; Bozzano, Roberto; Buck, Justin J.H.; Burger, Eugene F.; Cano, Daniel; Cardin, Vanessa; Llorens, Miguel Charcos; Cianca, Andres; Chen, Hua; Cusack, Caroline; Delory, Eric; Garello, Rene; Giovanetti, Gabriele; Harscoat, Valerie; Hartman, Susan; Heitsenrether, Robert; Jirka, Simon; Lara-Lopez, Ana Ligia; Lanteri, Nadine; Leadbetter, Adam; Manzella, Giuseppe; Maso, Joan; McCurdy, Andrea; Moussat, Eric; Ntoumas, Manolis; Pensieri, Sara; Petihakis, George; Pinardi, Nadia; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Przeslawski, Rachel; Roden, Nicholas; Silke, Joe; Tamburri, Mario N.; Tang, Hairong; Tanhua, Toste; Telszewski, Maciej; Testor, Pierre; Thomas, Julie; Waldmann, Christoph; Whoriskey, Fred (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-06-04)
      The oceans play a key role in global issues such as climate change, food security, and human health. Given their vast dimensions and internal complexity, efficient monitoring and predicting of the planet’s ocean must be a ...
    • Evolving the global ocean observing system for research and application services through international coordination 

      Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Wilkin, John; Hill, Katherine L.; Chidichimo, Maria Paz; Cronin, Meghan F; Johannessen, Johnny Andre; Karstensen, Johannes; Krug, Marjolaine; Lee, Tong; Oka, Eitarou; Palmer, Matthew D.; Rabe, Benjamin; Speich, Sabrina; von Schuckmann, Karina; Weller, Robert A; Yu, Weidong (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-06)
      Climate change and variability are major societal challenges, and the ocean is an integral part of this complex and variable system. Key to the understanding of the ocean’s role in the Earth’s climate system is the study ...
    • Exchange of water masses between the southern Weddell Sea continental shelf and the deep ocean 

      Daae, Kjersti Birkeland (Doctoral thesis, 2018-06-13)
      The exchange of water masses between the shallow Weddell Sea continental shelf and the deep ocean is of climatic importance. Firstly, on-shelf transport of warm oceanic water masses, contributes to basal melting of ice ...
    • Experimental characterization of the marine atmospheric boundary layer in the Havsul area, Norway 

      Christakos, Konstantinos; Reuder, Joachim; Furevik, Birgitte Rugaard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Offshore wind energy applications depend strongly on an improved knowledge of the physical processes taking place in marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL). In particular the better understanding of the complex interactions ...
    • Experimental methods to study the process of snow-ice formation induced by saltwater rise 

      Kern, Yannick Rouven (Master thesis, 2018-11-09)
      The Arctic region is experiencing a change from thick multiyear to much younger and thinner sea ice. In many places, increasing precipitation is leading to higher snow loads on young sea ice. Hence seawater can infiltrate ...
    • Exploring the potential of the RPA system SUMO for multipurpose boundary-layer missions during the BLLAST campaign 

      Reuder, Joachim; Båserud, Line; Jonassen, Marius Opsanger; Kral, Stephan; Müller, Martin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-06-24)
      In June and July 2011 the RPAS (Remotely Piloted Aircraft System) SUMO (Small Unmanned Meteorological Observer) performed a total number of 299 scientific flights during the BLLAST (Boundary Layer Late Afternoon and Sunset ...
    • Export of calcium carbonate corrosive waters from the East Siberian Sea 

      Anderson, Leif G.; Ek, Jörgen; Ericson, Ylva; Humborg, Christoph; Semiletov, Igor; Sundbom, Magnus; Ulfsbo, Adam (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-04-05)
      The Siberian shelf seas are areas of extensive biogeochemical transformation of organic matter, both of marine and terrestrial origin. This in combination with brine production from sea ice formation results in a cold ...
    • Extracting statistical parameters of extreme precipitation from a NWP model 

      Eliasson, J.; Rögnvaldsson, Ólafur; Jónsson, T. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2009-11-25)
      Precipitation simulations on an 8×8 km grid using the PSU/NCAR Mesoscale Model MM5 are used to estimate the M5 and Ci statistical parameters in order to support the M5 map used for flood estimates by Icelandic engineers. ...
    • Extreme precipitation in Central Norway. A case and climate study 

      Steensen, Birthe Marie Rødssæteren (Master thesis, 2010-06-01)
      An extreme precipitation event occurred over Central Norway at the end of January to the beginning of February 2006. The heavy precipitation in addition to high temperatures lead to snow melt and increased run-off, which ...
    • Extreme Precipitation in Nepal. Trends and Key Processes 

      Bohlinger, Patrik (Doctoral thesis, 2018-03-21)
      Nepal is located at the rim of the Himalayas and houses the highest mountains of the world. Owing to the complex topography and a seasonal monsoon climate, Nepal experiences precipitation events of considerable intensity. ...
    • Extreme winds in the Nordic Seas : polar lows and Arctic fronts in a changing climate 

      Kolstad, Erik Wilhelm (Doctoral thesis, 2007-03-30)
    • Extremes and Trends in Wave Climate. A regional and global study 

      Aarnes, Ole Johan (Doctoral thesis, 2015-01-16)
      Wind generated surface waves represent a critical factor for offshore constructions and coastal development, and are highly relevant in scientific questions related to climate and weather. The sea state can be described ...
    • Facilitating microplastic quantification through the introduction of a cellulose dissolution step prior to oxidation: Proof-of-concept and demonstration using diverse samples from the Inner Oslofjord, Norway 

      Olsen, Linn Merethe Brekke; Knutsen, Heidi; Mahat, Sabnam; Wade, Emma Jane; Arp, Hans Peter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Identifying and quantifying microplastic in marine samples can be facilitated by removing natural organic matter (NOM). Cellulosic material, like chitin, however, are a type of NOM that is resistant to chemical digestion, ...
    • Factors affecting extreme rainfall events in the South Pacific 

      Pariyar, Sunil Kumar; Keenlyside, Noel; Sorteberg, Asgeir; Spengler, Thomas; Bhatt, Bhuwan Chandra; Ogawa, Fumiaki (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Extreme rainfall events in the South Pacific are widespread and affected by various factors on different time scales. We use daily rainfall data from 20 stations over the South Pacific to investigate the characteristics ...
    • Factors controlling the total alkalinity in the Arabian Sea and Red Sea 

      Elageed, Salma Khalafalla Dafaa E (Master thesis, 2010-06-01)
      Based on data obtained during the Geochemical Ocean Section Study (GEOSECS) 1977, Mer Rouge (MEROU) 1982, and US Joint Global Ocean Flux (JGOFS) 1995 studies we have analyzed the processes controlling the total alkalinity ...
    • Faroe Bank Channel Overflow: Mesoscale Variability 

      Darelius, Elin Maria K.; Fer, Ilker; Quadfasel, Detlef (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-11)
      The Faroe Bank Channel is the deepest connection through the Greenland–Scotland Ridge, where dense water formed north of the ridge flows southward over the sill crest, contributing to the formation of North Atlantic Deep ...
    • The fate of the Atlantic Water in the North Icelandic Irminger Current 

      Hermansen, Stine Camilla (Master thesis, 2012-01-19)
      The fate of the Atlantic Water within the North Icelandic Irminger Current has long been questioned. The North Icelandic Irminger Current flows along the Icelandic shelf area to the west and north of Iceland, bringing warm ...
    • Fine scale distribution of precipitation in the Voss area 

      Pontoppidan, Marie Louise Nielsen (Master thesis, 2015-06-05)
      The precipitation in Western Norway is strongly affected by its position in the mid latitude conveyor belt of synoptic systems. When the warm and moist air impinges on the complex mountainous terrain, large variabilities ...
    • Finite Element Analysis of the fatigue strength of a big-end bolt 

      Langeland, Jan Harald (Master thesis, 2017-06-23)
      This thesis investigates, with the use of finite element method, the stress formation in a big-end bolt during the power stroke in an IC piston engine. The method used is quasi-static analysis of the lower part of the ...